Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 21

flat spots, gouge/dirt, split/cuts, and wrapper. LSC also identifies where on the roll the
damage occurred.
Breaking it down further, transport by rail
tends to see more chafing damage followed
by crush/wrinkle. By truck, gouge/dirt is
the main cause of damage, also followed by
crush/wrinkle.
In terms of where roll damage occurs, in rail
cars, chafing occurs in the body. This is by far
the prevalent location for damage. By rail, more
damage occurs at the ends of the car with the
brake end seeing slightly more than the air end.
In trucks, the gouge/dirt damage is also
more likely to occur in the body of the roll.
Crush/wrinkle damage is also more likely to
be found in the body. Damage in trucks is more
evenly spaced out, but the center of the truck
is where most damage occurs. Other places on
the roll where damage is measured are the top
and bottom end, and top and bottom edge.

In recent years, almost all categories of damage have been reduced, especially for rail; and
for truck transport, it's almost the same story.
For producers, perhaps the most important
aspect of preventing damage during shipping is
to ensure a tight load, whether by truck or rail.
With a rail car, many variables factor into
how tight a load can be: risers, roll diameter,
roll loading pattern, and the size of the rail car.
Therefore, a shipper needs to look at the load
pattern closely to minimize the voids.
Loading guidelines are available from the
Association of American Railroads (AAR) and
the QLT (a subset of the AAR) that instruct
on proper loading techniques. There are no
trucking equivalents, although Furbee says
dunnage or friction mats are generally used in
truck trailers to ensure there are three points
of contact.
The cost of damage to LSC (in pounds) is
about US$1.2 million annually, not including

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the carrier, mill and customer cost associated
with managing and handling the damaged
paper. Furbee explains that mills with a high
percentage of damaged rolls or pounds will
undergo additional analyses and will be notified of the transit damage situation, with the
objective being to work cohesively within the
supply chain to reduce losses.
LSC will "aggressively" target improvements with key mills using the detailed data
that LSC collects. Furbee says LSC's data
system has proven to help identify the root
cause of transit damage, allowing individual
mills to develop best practices and identify
key variables that affect the number of rolls
and pounds damaged.
Communication is all-important, not just
between the printer and paper producer, but
also the carriers and customers. By cohesively
working together, the cost of transit damage
can be reduced.

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Paper360º JULY/AUGUST
20171:01 am
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21


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Paper360 - July/August 2017

Setpoint
Over the Wire
Euroports Extends Its Reach
Ensuring a Tight Load
Riding the Rails
Trailer Flooring Makes a Difference in Paper Roll Transport
Top 50 Power List
CEPI’s New Director General: ‘A Remarkable Industry'
Värö’s Expansion for the Future
Model Behavior: Understanding Virtual Process Integration
Mondi Štĕtí Chooses Direct Drive Technology
The Knowledge Trail
TAPPI Journal Summaries
How Does China’s Containerboard Market Compare to the US?
Industry Trends in Graphic Paper
Will China Ban Mixed Paper Imports?
TAPPI News
ASPI News
Index of Advertisers
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - intro
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - bellyband1
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - bellyband2
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - cover1
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - cover2
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 3
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 4
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 5
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Setpoint
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 7
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Over the Wire
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 9
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 10
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 11
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 12
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 13
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Euroports Extends Its Reach
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 15
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 16
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 17
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 18
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 19
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Ensuring a Tight Load
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 21
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Riding the Rails
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 23
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Trailer Flooring Makes a Difference in Paper Roll Transport
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 25
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 26
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Top 50 Power List
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 28
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 29
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 30
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 31
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 32
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 33
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 34
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 35
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 36
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 37
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - CEPI’s New Director General: ‘A Remarkable Industry'
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 39
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 40
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 41
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Värö’s Expansion for the Future
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 43
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Model Behavior: Understanding Virtual Process Integration
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 45
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 46
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 47
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Mondi Štĕtí Chooses Direct Drive Technology
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 49
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - The Knowledge Trail
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 51
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - TAPPI Journal Summaries
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 53
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 54
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 55
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - How Does China’s Containerboard Market Compare to the US?
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 57
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Industry Trends in Graphic Paper
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 59
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Will China Ban Mixed Paper Imports?
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 61
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 62
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 63
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 64
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 65
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 66
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - TAPPI News
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - ASPI News
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 69
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Index of Advertisers
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - cover3
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - cover4
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