Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 60

the bottom line | RISI VIEWPOINT

Will China Ban
Mixed Paper Imports?
HANNAH ZHAO

FEW DETAILS TO BE FOUND
Although some of the news that came out
before or after April 18 claimed that China
would ban mixed paper imports in the next
couple of months or by the end of this year,
the only official information about this topic
is a short paragraph reported by a few government-owned news agencies. According to this
paragraph, China will improve the management system of solid waste imports, make
timelines and/or schedules to ban the imports
of solid wastes by category, revise and adjust
the solid waste import directory, and significantly reduce solid waste imports by volume
and by category through legal, economic, and
administrative measures. Meanwhile, China
will strive to improve domestic solid waste
recycling systems and promote a resource
recycling economy.
To summarize, China has been or will
make schedules to ban certain types of solid
waste imports and it will significantly reduce
its imports of solid waste. However, there are
no details for individual solid waste categories available yet.
60

Paper360º

JULY/AUGUST 2017

©iStockphoto.com/plherrera

After experiencing a three-quarterslong price roller coaster, the global recovered
paper market now has to face another potential storm: a big change in Chinese recovered
paper import policy.
The China General Administration of
Customs announced the National Sword
2017 program in February to crack down on
illegal solid waste imports. National Sword
2017 did not catch much attention at first,
because the industry experienced Green
Fence Operation in 2013 and most parties
in the industry felt more prepared and less
panic this time. Then during the 34th meeting
of the Central Leading Group for Deepening
Overall Reform held by President Xi Jinping
on April 18, the program of "Prohibition
on Import of (Selected) Solid Waste in
Promotion of Reform on Solid Waste Imports
Management" was reviewed and approved.

So, will China ban mixed paper imports?
Similar to the Green Fence Operation and
National Sword campaign, this new prohibition on imports of selected solid wastes
is trying to control the illegal solid waste
imports that could harm China's environment and ecosystems. Although the quality
of recovered paper imported from different
sources is reported to have improved somewhat since the 2013 Green Fence Operation,
China now is demanding cleaner and better
paper as it pays more and more attention to
environmental protection. Among the major
grades of recovered paper, mixed paper is
reported to have the most prohibitives and
contaminants. So, yes, it is very likely that we
will see mixed paper being labeled as "prohibited" if the quality issue cannot be solved.
HOW MUCH DOES CHINA IMPORT?
China imported about 28.5 million metric tons of recovered paper in 2016, with
mixed paper accounting for 20 percent of
total imports (about 5.7 million metric tons).

Despite the 2013 Green Fence Operation,
which is believed to have impacted mixed
paper trade the most, the share of mixed
paper in Chinese total recovered paper
imports in fact increased from 17 percent
in 2012 to 18 percent in 2013 and then to 21
percent in 2014-2015.
Mixed paper has been widely used as a
relatively cheap substitute for ONP and OCC
to make different grades of paper and board,
such as recycled cartonboard and containerboard. While sometimes opening a mixed
paper bale may seem like an adventure for
some paper mills because what's inside
remains unknown until it's opened, there
are still some general trends in terms of the
composition of different grades of recovered paper. These trends should be consistent with the overall structure of world
and regional paper and board demand and
the developments of each region's paper
recycling systems.
For instance, the price difference between
ONP #8 and mixed paper #2 in the US market
www.tappi.org


http://www.iStockphoto.com/plherrera http://www.tappi.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Paper360 - July/August 2017

Setpoint
Over the Wire
Euroports Extends Its Reach
Ensuring a Tight Load
Riding the Rails
Trailer Flooring Makes a Difference in Paper Roll Transport
Top 50 Power List
CEPI’s New Director General: ‘A Remarkable Industry'
Värö’s Expansion for the Future
Model Behavior: Understanding Virtual Process Integration
Mondi Štĕtí Chooses Direct Drive Technology
The Knowledge Trail
TAPPI Journal Summaries
How Does China’s Containerboard Market Compare to the US?
Industry Trends in Graphic Paper
Will China Ban Mixed Paper Imports?
TAPPI News
ASPI News
Index of Advertisers
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - intro
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - bellyband1
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - bellyband2
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - cover1
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - cover2
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 3
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 4
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 5
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Setpoint
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 7
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Over the Wire
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 9
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 10
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 11
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 12
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 13
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Euroports Extends Its Reach
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 15
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 16
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 17
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 18
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 19
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Ensuring a Tight Load
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 21
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Riding the Rails
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 23
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Trailer Flooring Makes a Difference in Paper Roll Transport
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 25
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 26
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Top 50 Power List
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 28
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 29
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 30
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 31
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 32
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 33
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 34
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 35
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 36
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 37
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - CEPI’s New Director General: ‘A Remarkable Industry'
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 39
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 40
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 41
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Värö’s Expansion for the Future
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 43
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Model Behavior: Understanding Virtual Process Integration
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 45
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 46
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 47
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Mondi Štĕtí Chooses Direct Drive Technology
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 49
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - The Knowledge Trail
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 51
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - TAPPI Journal Summaries
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 53
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 54
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 55
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - How Does China’s Containerboard Market Compare to the US?
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 57
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Industry Trends in Graphic Paper
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 59
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Will China Ban Mixed Paper Imports?
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 61
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 62
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 63
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 64
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 65
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 66
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - TAPPI News
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - ASPI News
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - 69
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - Index of Advertisers
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - cover3
Paper360 - July/August 2017 - cover4
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