Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 60

This information can be used by kraft mills around the world. The researchers have provided an easy approach to control brownstock washing and maximize pulp production by avoiding evaporator capacity reduction. RECOVERY CYCLE Effects of added materials on black liquor combustion Liming Zhao, Danielly Cortes, and Honghi Tran Black liquor is often mixed with various types of materials before being burned in a recovery boiler to meet specific needs of kraft pulp mills. In a systematic study, researchers used a thermogravimetric combustor to examine how added materials might affect the combustion behavior of black liquors obtained from several pulp mills. The results show that adding soap, caustic, white liquor, and sawdust significantly reduces the liquor swelling tendency, thereby requiring a longer time for the liquor to burn completely. Adding makeup saltcake, precipitator ash, sodium sulfate, and biosludge, on the other hand, has little or no effect on the liquor combustion behavior. Mills that understand how each added material affects the combustion behavior of black liquor can optimize their recovery boiler operation. Thermogravimetric combustor used in the black liquor combustion research. BIOREFINERY Estimation of the S/G ratios of the lignins in three widely used North American hardwoods Dan J. Nicholson, Candace R. Guilford, Adebukola B. Abiola, Samar K. Bose, and Raymond C. Francis Sugar maple, aspen, and white birch are three hardwoods widely used by the North American pulp and paper industry. Because of their abundance, these species are also likely to be used by some biorefinery processes being developed. A significant amount of evidence indicates that the syringyl to guaiacyl (S/G) ratio of the lignin in a hardwood is a governing parameter regarding its ease of delignification. Credible data also show that, among poplars, the S/G ratio of the lignin significantly influences the ease of saccharification of the carbohydrate polymers to sugar monomers. Although the S/G ratio appears to be a key parameter for hardwoods, values accepted by most practitioners are not available for the three species. In this investigation, those ratios were estimated by an extensive literature review followed by S/G determination by nitrobenzene oxidation (NBO) and methoxyl analyses of organosolv lignin (OSL) from the ethanol/water/sulfuric acid pulping process. The S/G values were approximately 1.4 for sugar maple, and 2.0 for aspen and white birch. Data are also included showing that sugar maple and white birch were equally reactive in kraft pulping. Thus, it is unclear whether or not the S/G ratio is indeed a governing parameter in this delignification process. These results suggest that S/G ratio alone cannot explain the different rates of delignification by kraft liquor typically observed among hardwoods. Mills might benefit from including more sugar maple in their cooking furnish, if possible. Main products from nitrobenzene oxidation of hardwood lignins. OMYA PACKAGING omya.com / omyaboard Omyaboard *enhanced Boosts your output without sacrificing strength by Omya 60 Paper360º 1SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 815759_Omya.indd 2016 www.tappi.org 17/07/16 12:08 AM http://www.omya.com/ http://www.omya.com/omyaboard http://www.tappi.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Paper360 - September/October 2016

Setpoint
Over the Wire
Agenda 2020 Launches ‘Roadmaps’ to Efficiency, Sustainability, and New Product Goals
RBI: Transforming to Meet the Industry’s Research Needs
Paper Schools: Forging the Future
PPI Top 100
RISI’s Latin American CEO of the Year
Automation Upgrade Helps Sappi Gratkorn Perform
Innovative Direct Drive in a Turnkey-rebuilt Project
Klingele Papierwerke Saves Money, ‘Foils’ Stickies
TAPPI Journal Summaries
Life Cycle of the US Paper Industry
TAPPI News
ASPI News
Index of Advertisers
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - bellyband1
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - bellyband2
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - cover1
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - cover2
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 3
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 4
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 5
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - Setpoint
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 7
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - Over the Wire
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 9
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 10
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 11
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 12
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 13
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - Agenda 2020 Launches ‘Roadmaps’ to Efficiency, Sustainability, and New Product Goals
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 15
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 16
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 17
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 18
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 19
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - RBI: Transforming to Meet the Industry’s Research Needs
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 21
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 22
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 23
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - Paper Schools: Forging the Future
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 25
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 26
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 27
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 28
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - PPI Top 100
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 30
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 31
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 32
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 33
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 34
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 35
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 36
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 37
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - RISI’s Latin American CEO of the Year
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 39
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 40
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 41
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 42
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 43
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 44
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 45
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - Automation Upgrade Helps Sappi Gratkorn Perform
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 47
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 48
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 49
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - Innovative Direct Drive in a Turnkey-rebuilt Project
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 51
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 52
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 53
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - Klingele Papierwerke Saves Money, ‘Foils’ Stickies
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 55
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 56
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 57
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - TAPPI Journal Summaries
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 59
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 60
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 61
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - Life Cycle of the US Paper Industry
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 63
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 64
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 65
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - TAPPI News
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 67
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - ASPI News
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 69
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - Index of Advertisers
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - cover3
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - cover4
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