Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 66

intouch | TAPPI NEWS Past and Future Intertwined SAMANTHA GEIER In the fall of 2014, TAPPI started a dialogue with the Smithsonian Libraries in Washington, DC to restore three books from our library. The books we chose showed signs of significant deterioration and ranged from more than 150 to 204 years old. The entire restoration process took almost 23 months, after which we donated one of the volumes to the Smithsonian Libraries' collection. Historical Account of the Substances Which Have Been Used to Describe Events, and to Convey Ideas, from the Earliest Date to the Invention of Paper - by Matthias Koops, 1891: The Sister Arts, or a Concise and Interesting View of the Nature and History of Paper Making, Printing and Bookbinding - Printed and Published by J. Baxter, 1809 Historical Account of the Substances Which Have Been Used to Describe Events, before restoration. The "after" photos show improved binding and repaired tape damage for The Sister Arts book. This book had stained covers, spine damage, sections missing and endsheets and textblock loose at the hinges as well as an illustration page repaired with tape. Restoration included removing the sheepskin spine covering and lining and replacing it with Japanese and Dove Grey archival paper. The tape was removed with a heated tacking iron and the tear was mended with toned Japanese paper and wheat starch paste. A new cover of vegetabledyed goatskin was attached to the spine and boards and the inside joints were reinforced with Japanese paper and wheat starch paste. Finally, a new enclosure was created to hold the volume. 66 Left, the original materials in the custom enclosure for preservation; right, the newly-bound Historical Account. This leather-bound, marbled paper book was sent to the Smithsonian with its spine cover missing and major stains on its cover. The missing spine cover had been taped together and multiple pages were stained and discolored. Restoration included mechanically removing the spine lining using a tacking iron, and ethyl alcohol and deionized water was used to detach the tape and dis-bind the textblock. The textblock pages were washed, Paper360º SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2016 deacidified, and flattened under weight and blotter before being resewn using toned linen thread with new endpapers that most closely match the originals. The spine was lined with two layers of Japanese paper, aerolinen, and one layer of Dove Grey archival paper. Finally, a custom enclosure was created to house the book, original boards, and sewing thread. Chronology of the Origin and Progress of Paper and Paper Making, From 670 B.C. to 1877 A.D. - by J. Munsell, 1864 This cloth-bound book was remitted to the Smithsonian with a loose spine and major stains on its binding as well as damaged endcaps and worn and missing cloth from its edges. The restoration consisted of mechanically removing the spine lining using a poultice of methyl cellulose and separating the textblock from the case. The spine was relined with two layers of Japanese paper and wheat starch paste as well as one layer of Dove Grey archival paper using polyvinyl acetate (PVA) and the textblock was resewn around cord using linen thread. Finally, the original case spine was lined with toned aerolinen and attached to the upper and lower boards with PVA, while a hollow-back spine was constructed using Dove Grey archival paper. Following the completed restorations, TAPPI donated the Historical Account of the Substances Which Have Been Used to Describe Events, and to Convey Ideas, from the Earliest Date to the Invention of Paper to the Smithsonian Libraries. Director of Advancement Christina Muracco said the volume would be "especially wonderful to accompany a rare book in our collection by Jacob Christian Schäffer, (who) is still discussed among paper scholars for his experiments aimed at making paper from a wide variety of natural materials ranging from wasps' nests to poplar wool to pine cones." The remaining restored books are on display in TAPPI's library. Though a lengthy and tedious process, restoring these treasured pieces of paper history was a project well worth the wait, as it brings a bit of the past into the future. www.tappi.org http://www.tappi.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Paper360 - September/October 2016

Setpoint
Over the Wire
Agenda 2020 Launches ‘Roadmaps’ to Efficiency, Sustainability, and New Product Goals
RBI: Transforming to Meet the Industry’s Research Needs
Paper Schools: Forging the Future
PPI Top 100
RISI’s Latin American CEO of the Year
Automation Upgrade Helps Sappi Gratkorn Perform
Innovative Direct Drive in a Turnkey-rebuilt Project
Klingele Papierwerke Saves Money, ‘Foils’ Stickies
TAPPI Journal Summaries
Life Cycle of the US Paper Industry
TAPPI News
ASPI News
Index of Advertisers
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - bellyband1
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - bellyband2
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - cover1
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - cover2
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 3
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 4
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 5
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - Setpoint
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 7
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - Over the Wire
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 9
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 10
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 11
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 12
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 13
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - Agenda 2020 Launches ‘Roadmaps’ to Efficiency, Sustainability, and New Product Goals
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 15
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 16
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 17
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 18
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 19
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - RBI: Transforming to Meet the Industry’s Research Needs
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 21
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 22
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 23
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - Paper Schools: Forging the Future
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 25
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 26
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 27
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 28
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - PPI Top 100
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 30
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 31
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 32
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 33
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 34
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 35
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 36
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 37
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - RISI’s Latin American CEO of the Year
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 39
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 40
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 41
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 42
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 43
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 44
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 45
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - Automation Upgrade Helps Sappi Gratkorn Perform
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 47
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 48
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 49
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - Innovative Direct Drive in a Turnkey-rebuilt Project
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 51
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 52
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 53
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - Klingele Papierwerke Saves Money, ‘Foils’ Stickies
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 55
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 56
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 57
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - TAPPI Journal Summaries
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 59
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 60
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 61
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - Life Cycle of the US Paper Industry
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 63
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 64
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 65
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - TAPPI News
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 67
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - ASPI News
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - 69
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - Index of Advertisers
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - cover3
Paper360 - September/October 2016 - cover4
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