The CCA Voice - Spring/Summer 2016 - (Page 21)

THEME: LOCAL VIBES, MOBILE LIVES Cows, Cars, and the Internet of Things (IoT) By: Maurice D'Souza Carrier Solution Sales and Marketing Manager, Huawei Technologies USA T he year is 2016 and finally urban and rural living trends are merging together, maybe not in the cultural sense, but definitely in the technological realm. The age of all things connected is upon us, from smart homes, self-driving cars, digital oilfields, e-farming, and more. This January, at CES in Las Vegas, the talk was about the connected car and the smart home. From a $5,000 refrigerator that has a built in network, an embedded camera and sensors that keep track of humidity and temperatures within the cabin to cars that report on current performance, present and impending weather and traffic conditions, and, in the extreme case, accident avoidance by taking over control in case of driver distraction. Far removed from the desert and lights of Las Vegas, on the farms in Wisconsin, there are other types of automation taking place. Herds of cows are managed and tracked remotely. Characteristics, such as grazing patterns, predator monitoring, and even milking processes are monitored, and KPIs are generated for optimization purposes. One example of this type of IoT application is automatic milking systems, where human interaction is no longer required. The stories of growing up on a farm and getting up at 5:00 a.m. to milk the cows may be relegated to stuff of legends. Cows are herded into milking pens, where robotic devices equipped with cameras, position the animal (in a humane fashion), attach the milking devices, and milk the cow. Such systems, along with tracking of the cows, can result in a consistent milking process, while preventing stress on the animal. The quality of the milk can then be measured with sensors and then, in conjunction with cellular communications, delivery schedules of the milk tankers can be coordinated efficiently. Similar advances in oilfield and mining operations help prevent accidents and injury or loss of life by the utilization of sensors to monitor processes involved in the extraction and processing of the minerals. While robotics and sensor technology have been evolving over the last 70 years, communications and control mechanisms for coordination and optimization have been mainly local and required manual intervention and trips to the location to effect. With the advent of IoT, sensor devices are now not only capable of monitoring the medium for which they were made, but also transmitting that information wirelessly to remote data centers and receiving instructions for further monitoring or making required changes based on the processed data. Communications between the sensor and control devices, local or central coordination and control systems are best achieved using current cellular communications, such as GSM and CDMA-2000. However, the limitations of those systems are the low number of connections allowed and the high latency required for connection along with the high power requirements on the device side. With the advent of LTE, low latency is becoming more of a reality, but some of the power concerns still remain. However, with devices able THE to turn themselves on and off at preconfigured intervals, battery power can be conserved. Battery technology also is progressing at a high rate of innovation, with battery technology capable of powering sensor-control devices for up to 10 years on a single charge. For a while now, proprietary wireless technologies such as LORA and SIGFOX have been widely used to control and monitor IoT-like devices. However, these technologies are also ham-strung by the same limitations as traditional cellular technologies at certain levels coupled with the fact that most of these protocols do not communicate with each other. To help the common communication platform concept, two proposals for IoT are mostly discussed, NB-CIoT and NB-LTE. NB-CIoT is Narrowband Cellular IoT (NB-CIoT) that has already gained operator support from heavy-hitters such as Vodafone and China Unicom, and is the solution proposed, endorsed and chosen by Huawei. In September 2015, an alternate solution, NB-LTE, was proposed, for the same purpose. While both methods are being heavily debated in the 3GPP forum, the GSM Association's Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) Initiative aims to develop complementary IoT standards for 3GPP that include both adapted LTE and clean-slate technologies like NB-CIoT. While both competing proposals have their pros and cons, a merging of the advantages of both will be best for the carrier and the consumer with the view of a smooth and efficient way of monitoring and controlling millions of devices in a quick, cost-effective manner. No matter which technologies are deployed, there are an amazing number of applications and solutions being created to take advantage of the Internet of Things, which I suspect, will not stop until the cows come home. VOICE * * Spring/Summer 2016 21

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The CCA Voice - Spring/Summer 2016

Board of Directors/Staff
Chairman’s Letter by Slayton Stewart
A Message from the President & CEO by Steven K. Berry
CCA’s 2015 Annual Achievement Award Winners
Bringing IoT Home
Creating the Foundation for Highly Successful IoT Programs
Meeting the Needs of Mobile Customers in the Era of the Cloud
Cows, Cars, and the Internet of Things (IoT)
Policy Breakthroughs Bring Mobility Closer to You
Unlock Handsets: Unlock Competition
IoT: The 3 Most Promising Letters in Business Today?
Let Your Digital Marketing Strategy Deliver Results
Managing the World of Connected Everything
Rugged Phones & The Connected Consumer
When Size Doesn’t Matter
Network Wellness: A Lesson in Becoming Proactive
The Service Orchestration Imperative for 5G Enterprise Cord Cutting
The Future Device: eUICC/eSIM Lifecycle Management
The IoT Effect on Wireless Networks
3 Ways Smartphones Can Increase Productivity
Unlimited Amounts of Data – For Everyone?
Mitigating Signaling and Security Burdens of IoT
2016: A Very Important Year for Mobile Carriers
Company Profiles
Index of Advertisers
Congressional Spotlight: Senator Roger Wicker (R-MS)

The CCA Voice - Spring/Summer 2016