ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 14

FIGURE 114
Legend
RRH = Remote Radio Head | MSC = Mobile Switching Center | MIMO = Multiple Input, Multiple Output
DAS = Distributed Antenna System | Backhaul = The use of wireless communications systems to get
data from an end user to a node in a major network such as the Internet or proprietary network of a
large business, academic institution or government agency. Typically, fiber optics.

The Radio Access Network consists of small
cells, towers, masts, etc. connecting users to
the core network. Small cells have a very short
connection range (<300 feet) and are distributed in clusters to complement the macro
(tower) network. The 5G networks use MIMO
antennae with multiple elements to send/
receive more data simultaneously, allowing
more people to connect and maintain high
throughput.

CITY OF AUSTIN'S SMALL
CELL EXPERIENCE
State statute
The Texas Legislature enacted Section 284 of
the Texas Local Government Code15 (effective
9/1/17) requiring cities to allow access to public
right-of-way (ROW) for network nodes (small
cells). Some of the law's features are:
■ Limits size of equipment
■ Limits equipment locations (e.g. no parks,
historic districts, etc.)
■ Maximum fees cities can charge16
■ Application fee: $500/application (up to
5 nodes) and $250/additional node and
$1,000/app for poles
■ ROW usage rate of $250/node/year
(adjusted annually by half the change in
the CPI)
■ For transport facilities, $28/month times the
number of nodes in ROW served by the transport facilities (for backhaul)
■ $20/year/service pole to co-locate on poles
["service pole" is a pole, other than utility
pole located in ROW, including: traffic poles;
signage poles; light poles; and a pole or
similar structure supporting only small cells]
14

ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019

Cities may not attach "add on" fees (e.g. requiring carriers to provide free service to schools
or libraries)
■ City can require permits, but must meet "shot
clock" requirements:
■ Completeness check within 30 days of
application
■ Approve/deny application within 150 days
for node support poles
■ Approve/deny application within 60 days
for small cells
■ Allows design criteria
■ Must allow co-location on municipally-owned
utility poles
Once the state statute became effective, Austin
implemented a city ordinance and administrative rules
to facilitate the build-out of 5G networks in Austin.
■

SMALL CELL PROCESS
First, the city developed a process for filing/
processing applications. The process begins with
a "feasibility review,"17 which involves a carrier
submitting a request to co-locate a small cell

FIGURE 2: Small Cell Feasibility Review Request

on city infrastructure.18 The carrier submits the
following information:
■ Name
■ Proposed location
■ Corner identity
■ GPS coordinates
■ Photo of pole showing proposed site
■ Site map
■ Pole type for new, self-supporting poles19
Once the carrier requests a feasibility review,
city personnel determine site availability, perform
a power review and provide comments to the carrier. Once location is approved, the carrier applies
for a small cell permit.
One problem Austin faced was the number of
departments reviewing applications. Because the
original plan to power small cells involved open
trenching in downtown,20 many city departments
had to review site drawings. The original list of
reviewing departments consisted of:
■ AE
■ Watershed Protection (WPD)
■ Development Services
■ Street & Bridge
■ Telecommunications & Regulatory Affairs
■ Austin Traffic Signals
■ Austin Chilled Water
■ Urban Design
■ Traffic Control
■ Austin Water (AWU)
■ Parks & Recreation
■ Planning & Zoning
Each utility department (AE, AWU, WPD,
Chilled Water) had its own site drawing



ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019

RMEL Board of Directors
Former NFL Star and Cancer Survivor Merril Hoge’s “Find A Way” Journey Sparks Intention at RMEL’s Spring Conference
Austin’s Experience Instituting a 5G Wireless Program
APS’ Fossil Unit Monitoring Tool Improves Efficiency, Generates Savings
Charging a Path Towards Battery Storage
Xcel Energy’s Unmanned Aircraft Systems Future
28 Steam Turbine Cycling—Operator Considerations, Best Practices and Options for Optimization
Maximize on the New Energy Paradigm at RMEL’s 116th Fall Convention
2019 Calendar of Events
Member Listings
Foundation Board of Directors
Advertiser’s Index
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - Intro
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - cover1
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - cover2
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 3
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 4
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 5
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - RMEL Board of Directors
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 7
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - Former NFL Star and Cancer Survivor Merril Hoge’s “Find A Way” Journey Sparks Intention at RMEL’s Spring Conference
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 9
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 10
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 11
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - Austin’s Experience Instituting a 5G Wireless Program
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 13
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 14
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 15
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 16
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 17
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - APS’ Fossil Unit Monitoring Tool Improves Efficiency, Generates Savings
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 19
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - Charging a Path Towards Battery Storage
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 21
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 22
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 23
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - Xcel Energy’s Unmanned Aircraft Systems Future
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 25
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 26
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 27
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 28 Steam Turbine Cycling—Operator Considerations, Best Practices and Options for Optimization
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 29
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 30
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 31
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - Maximize on the New Energy Paradigm at RMEL’s 116th Fall Convention
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 33
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 34
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 2019 Calendar of Events
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - Member Listings
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - 37
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - Advertiser’s Index
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - cover3
ELECTRIC ENERGY | SUMMER 2019 - cover4
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