JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 27

away from the moulding process and increases overall cycle time. In addition to the waste that results from the hand trimming process, the manufacturer experiences less productivity. With the LSP method, the preform is dropped into the mould, the mould closed, resin introduced to the preform to create the part which is then demoulded. The whole procedure takes about 10 seconds and there is no waste from trimming because the manufacturer is getting a near-net-shape part. Depending on part complexity, a manufacturer can cut cycle time by as much as 50%. The automation also makes each part identical, giving the manufacturer consistent, repeatable production. For parts with complex geometries, thermoplastic composites offer a number of advantages when compared to thermoset composites: • high toughness; • damping resistance; • intrinsic recyclability; • high volume recyclability; • shorter manufacturing cycle times; • lower to no emission; • lower to comparable part price. NCC’s techniques in extrusion compression moulding of long-fibre thermoplastics, melt impregnation of thermoplastic composites, and rapid fibre preforming complement and support thermoplastics applications for a broad range of markets from automotive to appliance, construction, medical, safety, recreation, furniture, sports, industrial, and other commercial uses. Manufacturers using traditional Sheet Moulding Compound (SMC) systems may soon be able to use bio-materials, which could help them expand market applications and achieve lower operating costs without recapitalizing. Work is underway at NCC to characterize and evaluate a series of naturally reproducible fillers – from soy flour to legumes – to dissect their chemistry and function in SMC and Bulk Moulding Compound (BMC) applications. Weight reduction and enhanced recycling/recovery are two major advantages to incorporating bio-materials into SMC and BMC applications. The main components of an SMC formulation are resin (25%), filler (50%), and glass fibre reinforcement (25%). The typical filler used in these formulations is calcium carbonate with a specific gravity of around 2.7. Glass fibre reinforcement has a specific gravity of 2.54, whereas unsaturated polyester resins are around 1.2. Therefore, a typical SMC formulation has a specific gravity of 1.9. Natural reinforcements have specific gravities that range from 1.2 to 1.5 or lower, which give the potential for light weighting. Bio-materials, which have a lower specific gravity, offer the potential to provide additional weight reduction over more conventional materials like glass fibre and calcium carbonate. scale level and field-tested by end users. Transportation continues to remain the largest market for SMC materials, with applications in the agricultural equipment, construction, and electrical industries. Market size for the transportation (automotive and heavy truck) industry in the US is around 180 metric tons of SMC. Yet, early adopters are expected to come from the agricultural industry and recreation market and heavy transportation and equipment. Recycling and recovery In the area of recycling and recovery, past studies on life cycle cost analysis show that calcium carbonate or glass fibre are difficult to recycle. Attempts to thermally decompose glass fibre and calcium carbonate and to reduce these elements to chemicals that can be recovered and disposed of are inefficient, time consuming and costly since glass fibre and calcium carbonate are inorganic inert materials. Organic material is both easier to recycle and recover or reprocess. The project will provide data on cure viscosity, flow rate and the amount of pressure required for successful moulding. This information is a key element to developing formulas with repeatable results. The goal is to produce bio-based materials that could provide a thickening capability and eliminate the need for operators to wait for SMC sheeting to cure. Once the evaluation and analysis of the bio candidates is complete, all organic compounds having passed the initial screening will be considered for the next step – scale-up and testing of prototypes. These prototypes will be produced at a largeNCC is the only not-for-profit total economic development solution for advanced materials in the US. Another moulding method, called Quickstep, can be used for the curing, partial curing and joining of composite materials. The unique fluid-based technology offers an alternative to traditional composite manufacturing processes which continue to face challenges associated with: i) batch processing versus lean manufacturing; ii) longer, more costly cycle times; and iii) tendencies towards a loss of exotherm control. Using balanced pressure and liquid heating and cooling, the Quickstep process works by rapidly applying heat to a laminate trapped between a freefloating rigid (or semi-rigid) mould that floats in a heat transfer fluid (HTF). The mould and laminate are separated from the circulating HTF by a flexible membrane or bladder. The temperature and pressure of the HTF behind the No49 June 2009 / jec composites magazine 27

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009

Cover
Index
Contents
- NEWS WORLDWIDE -
CompaniesMergers and acquisitions /Opening/Development /Partnership
3B: a high-quality fibreglass supplier
DK Composites: a player that has made a name for itself
Agenda of events
Equipment Innovative robotic solutions for fibre placement
- BUSINESS -
Market survey Indian distributors of raw materials for composites
Trends Subcontracting in aviation: a rapidly changing sector
Niche market Composites conform to creation
Human capital NCC: a global source for commercialization, manufacturing acceleration and incubation
- FEATURE -
Market 2009-2013: no slow-down in global wind developments
Design Composite wind turbine blade design: leveraging aerospace advances
Reinforcement New composite hybrid reinforcements for the wind turbine industry
Resins Advanced epoxy technology for wind turbine blades
Foam Breakthrough in structural PET foam core materials
Adhesive Turbine blade bonding
Production Automated blade production for wind energy plants
UT scans to ensure blade quality
Application An innovative composite wind turbine: for homeowners and professionals
- USERS’ PLATFORM -
Composites in the world - An astonishing chair
 - “Light car - Open Source”
The Greenbirdproject: 203 km/h just using wind
Lightweight hand-launched glider
Successful partners Innovative architectural cladding
Application GRP pipe system for Cancéropôle stormwater network
Composite system has capital solution for park odours
Composite drives team in first zero-emission race
- KNOW-HOW -
Materials Fibre-reinforced cores
Release agents Mould release system for the marine industry
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Cover
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 2
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 3
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 4
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Index
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Contents
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 7
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - CompaniesMergers and acquisitions /Opening/Development /Partnership
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Pub1
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Pub2
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 3B: a high-quality fibreglass supplier
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 10
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - DK Composites: a player that has made a name for itself
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 12
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 13
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Agenda of events
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 15
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Equipment Innovative robotic solutions for fibre placement
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 17
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 18
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - - BUSINESS -
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Market survey Indian distributors of raw materials for composites
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 21
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Trends Subcontracting in aviation: a rapidly changing sector
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 23
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Niche market Composites conform to creation
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 25
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Human capital NCC: a global source for commercialization, manufacturing acceleration and incubation
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 27
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 28
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - - FEATURE -
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Market 2009-2013: no slow-down in global wind developments
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 31
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 32
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 33
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Design Composite wind turbine blade design: leveraging aerospace advances
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 35
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Reinforcement New composite hybrid reinforcements for the wind turbine industry
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 37
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 38
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Resins Advanced epoxy technology for wind turbine blades
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 40
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 41
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Foam Breakthrough in structural PET foam core materials
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Adhesive Turbine blade bonding
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 44
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Production Automated blade production for wind energy plants
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 46
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - UT scans to ensure blade quality
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Application An innovative composite wind turbine: for homeowners and professionals
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 49
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 50
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - - USERS’ PLATFORM -
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 -  - “Light car - Open Source”
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Lightweight hand-launched glider
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Successful partners Innovative architectural cladding
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 55
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Application GRP pipe system for Cancéropôle stormwater network
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Composite system has capital solution for park odours
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Composite drives team in first zero-emission race
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - - KNOW-HOW -
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Materials Fibre-reinforced cores
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 61
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 62
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - Release agents Mould release system for the marine industry
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 64
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 65
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 66
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 67
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #49 - June 2009 - 68
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