JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 19

ccording to most scientists, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are the direct cause of global warming. With this in mind, and in the framework of the Kyoto protocol, the latest Copenhagen conference and, in France, the Grenelle Environment Round Table, significant research has gone into studying the impact of GHGs and the possibilities of keeping the formation of these gases to a minimum. Since all human activity generates, either directly or indirectly, greenhouse gas emissions, it is incumbent on every manufacturer to take an interest in their own contribution to these emissions and in the resulting economic consequences. Accounting for greenhouse gas emissions may take the form of an inventory which can be used in making decisions with a view to reducing these emissions. In France, the "Bilan Carbone®" is the standardised carbon inventory method developed by ADEME, the French Environment and Energy Management Agency, for this type of accounting. It

A

BUSINESS
Trend

Composites and the carbon label
RICHARD FILIPPI GENERAL MANAGER AS2C

Where does the composites industry stand with respect to carbon inventory issues? Is it useful for the manufacturers concerned to know their carbon impact in order either to use it in promoting their development, if it is favourable, or else to find ways of improving it if it is unfavourable? The answers to these questions are vital for anticipating the future and addressing the latest regulations, as well as for keeping one step ahead of the competition.
The carbon label
is based on the ISO 14064 standard, which defines the life cycle analysis principle. Furthermore, any process of eco-design, which is now becoming the rule (see standard ISO 14062), has to involve analysis of these emissions in order to select as far as possible the "low-emission" processes, while at the same time using products with a lowcarbon label. There are several types of greenhouse gases, with differing contributions to global warming (methane, for example, is 25 times more harmful than CO2). A simple unit allowing products to be compared has therefore been defined: the carbon equivalent. The carbon inventory is a standardised aid in the calculation of greenhouse gas emissions. This method is one of the tools needed for establishing life cycle analyses, the scope of which extends beyond greenhouse gas emissions alone. Due to the many uncertainties attached to the values used for making the calculation, this method nonetheless remains purely indicative. It helps you to pinpoint the critical emission items and to identify solutions for reducing them. manufacturing, marketing and end-oflife process. The label depends on several parameters, the main ones being the source of the raw materials, the production process, the mode of transportation and the marketing method. These emission factors, therefore, depend on the mode and place of production. For example, for the manufacturing of aluminium, the carbon labels may vary widely according to whether this involves recycled material or else material produced from metal ore, and according to the production location. The values for France, the USA and Australia (kg CO2 / kg product) are as follows:
Tab. 1: Carbon label for aluminium according to its geographical origin

The carbon label for a product reflects the greenhouse gas emissions generated throughout the product’s

No61 November - December 2010 / jec composites magazine
Aluminium from ore

Australia

France USA

2.89 3.90 6.30

recycled

0.67 0.70

The power production method involved in the manufacture of aluminium – nuclear power in France or coal in Australia – is taken into account.

Raw materials When a product is manufactured, raw materials or semi-processed materials are used. The following table presents various materials and their carbon label. In the

19



JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010

Cover
Contents
NEWS WORLDWIDE
Companies
Spirit AeroSystems and GOL Linhas Aereas Inteligentes enter into agreements
CTRM and CTL to commercialize composites testing in Asia
IDI Composites International announces installation of automated BMC production line
Umeco and Shanghai Leadgo Technology form a joint venture in China
SAIC awarded USD 11 million contract to deliver manufacturing facility for composite building materials
Airbus completes allocation of A350 XWB airframe work packages to China
Hexagon Composites signs new major contract with Daimler AG
National Aerospace Laboratories: incisive know-how
Innovations - Twelve companies rewarded by JEC and CCE for their composites innovations
Agenda of events
Equipment: Welding - Increasing bond strength and reducing defects in ultrasonic welding
BUSINESS
Market survey - Aerospace composites in Quebec: a wealth of players and R&D
AN INTERVIEW WITH JACQUES CABANA PRESIDENT & GENERAL MANAGER FDC COMPOSITES Inc.
Niche Market - Tool-side breathing allows BAE Systems to manufacture its new UAV
Trend - Composites and the carbon label
FEATURE - AUTOMOTIVE
Data - World ranking of manufacturers years 2009
Trend -Formula One experience to drive forward other industries
Application - BMW's MCV, the first mass produced car with a carbon passenger cell
An interesting solution for NASCAR race engine alternators
Prepreg materials investigated as a storage battery for future cars
Research & Development - Lamborghini prepares for the future with a new carbon-fibre research development
Environment - How adhesives reduce emissions, minimize waste and improve recycling
FRP recycling in Europe, North America and the Pacific Rim area
USER'S PLATFORM
Composites in the world - Agile as a snake for ice climbing
Recyclable emergency snow shovel
Superbus: an innovative public transport concept
Successful partners - Conseil & Technique, an SME dedicated to the development of new products
Application - Advanced graphite composite bipolar plate for fuel cells
KNOW-HOW
Software - four factors drive the development of superior wind blades
Simulation - Bespoke simulation for thermoplastic composite
Raw material - Latent acid catalysts for process control phenolics
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Cover
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 2
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 3
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 4
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 5
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Contents
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 7
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Hexagon Composites signs new major contract with Daimler AG
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - National Aerospace Laboratories: incisive know-how
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Innovations - Twelve companies rewarded by JEC and CCE for their composites innovations
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Agenda of events
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Equipment: Welding - Increasing bond strength and reducing defects in ultrasonic welding
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 13
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Market survey - Aerospace composites in Quebec: a wealth of players and R&D
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 15
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - AN INTERVIEW WITH JACQUES CABANA PRESIDENT & GENERAL MANAGER FDC COMPOSITES Inc.
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 17
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Niche Market - Tool-side breathing allows BAE Systems to manufacture its new UAV
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Trend - Composites and the carbon label
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 20
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 21
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 22
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 23
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Data - World ranking of manufacturers years 2009
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 25
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Trend -Formula One experience to drive forward other industries
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 27
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Application - BMW's MCV, the first mass produced car with a carbon passenger cell
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 29
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - An interesting solution for NASCAR race engine alternators
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Prepreg materials investigated as a storage battery for future cars
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Research & Development - Lamborghini prepares for the future with a new carbon-fibre research development
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 33
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Environment - How adhesives reduce emissions, minimize waste and improve recycling
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 35
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 36
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - FRP recycling in Europe, North America and the Pacific Rim area
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 38
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 39
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 40
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 41
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 42
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 43
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Superbus: an innovative public transport concept
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Successful partners - Conseil & Technique, an SME dedicated to the development of new products
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 46
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Application - Advanced graphite composite bipolar plate for fuel cells
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 48
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 49
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Software - four factors drive the development of superior wind blades
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 51
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 52
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Simulation - Bespoke simulation for thermoplastic composite
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 54
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 55
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 56
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Raw material - Latent acid catalysts for process control phenolics
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 58
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 59
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 60
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