JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 20

BUSINESS
Trend
Aluminium from ore Other forestry wood 50%-GF composites Sustainablymanaged wood Steel from ore Virgin plastic Glass

Tab. 2: Carbon label for various raw materials in France

g…/… Composites and the carbon label

Raw material

Kg carbon (equivalent per kg)

0.87 2.89 0.28 0.64 0.46 0.5 0

Density (kg/m3)

7,800 600 600

2,700 2,500 1,000 1,500

Kg carbon (equivalent per m²/mm thickness)

6.79 7.80 0.70 0.64 0.69 0.30 0

case of France, the orders of magnitude are as in table 2 (ADEME V5 emission factors guide).

20

This table illustrates the intrinsic influence of the raw material. The last column demonstrates the direct and favourable influence of a low product density. Note the case of wood which, in a sustainablymanaged forest, has a carbon label of zero since, during its growth, it absorbs the CO2 that it will emit at the end of its life cycle. Production processes The manufacturing process may use energy from various sources. The following table illustrates the CO2 emissions produced per kWh according to the fuel source used.
Electricity, France Household waste Kerosene Coal LPG Gas ~ 15 267 343 206 231 149

Tab. 3: Carbon label for fuels

jec composites magazine / No61 November - December 2010
Mode of transportation Fuels g CO2/kWh

Heavy fuel oil

Gasoline

271

264

Note the case of electricity in France, for which the carbon label value is very low on account of it being produced from nuclear energy; the same does not apply if it is produced from fossil fuel power plants. During the manufacturing phase, other emissions are taken into account, such as personnel movements, buildings, etc. Mode of transportation The last link in the manufacturing chain is the transportation of the product to its destination, with the emissions depending on the mode of transport. For example:
Plane Train Boat 0.0062 0.0010 0.6000

Tab. 4: Carbon label for transports

Truck (20 t)

Kg C equ. / T / km

0.0710

Marketing method In the marketing process, the travel of sales reps, the manufacturing of brochures, participation in trade fairs, etc., are all parameters of varying magnitude that are taken into account in order to produce a comprehensive analysis. In conclusion, all these values – which remain purely indicative since they depend on numerous parameters that are difficult to quantify with precision – are nonetheless significant. They make it possible to bring to light the stand-out items, with a view to attempting to minimise them. This method makes it possible to allocate to a product its contribution to greenhouse gas emissions. This in turn allows the user of the manufactured product to know just how the products that he or she uses are contributing to CO2 emissions. This may therefore encourage the user to prefer one solution over another.
- Power - Emissions excluding power - Freight - Movement of persons - Packaging materials - Other raw materials - Waste products and waste water - End-of-life packaging - Amortization of buildings and equipment 1,000 T 200 T 4,000 T 500 T 1,600 T 2,000 T 100 T 700 T 300 T

Analysis

When carrying out a Bilan Carbone® carbon inventory for a company, you start by defining the scope of the study, then you take into account everything that will contribute to greenhouse gas emissions. Once this accounting is set up, you seek to identify the most important items that need to be addressed in order to make the company eco-responsible. In an example taken from the November 2005 brochure of ADEME dealing with the Bilan Carbone®, the following GHG emission items are given for Company "X":

Even if maritime transport produces relatively low levels of greenhouse gases, manufacturing products close to their place of use is once again becoming a favourable criterion.

Raw materials are the second-largest emissions item after freight. Therefore, one way of reducing your carbon inventory would either be to use less of the raw materials, or to use raw materials with a



JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010

Cover
Contents
NEWS WORLDWIDE
Companies
Spirit AeroSystems and GOL Linhas Aereas Inteligentes enter into agreements
CTRM and CTL to commercialize composites testing in Asia
IDI Composites International announces installation of automated BMC production line
Umeco and Shanghai Leadgo Technology form a joint venture in China
SAIC awarded USD 11 million contract to deliver manufacturing facility for composite building materials
Airbus completes allocation of A350 XWB airframe work packages to China
Hexagon Composites signs new major contract with Daimler AG
National Aerospace Laboratories: incisive know-how
Innovations - Twelve companies rewarded by JEC and CCE for their composites innovations
Agenda of events
Equipment: Welding - Increasing bond strength and reducing defects in ultrasonic welding
BUSINESS
Market survey - Aerospace composites in Quebec: a wealth of players and R&D
AN INTERVIEW WITH JACQUES CABANA PRESIDENT & GENERAL MANAGER FDC COMPOSITES Inc.
Niche Market - Tool-side breathing allows BAE Systems to manufacture its new UAV
Trend - Composites and the carbon label
FEATURE - AUTOMOTIVE
Data - World ranking of manufacturers years 2009
Trend -Formula One experience to drive forward other industries
Application - BMW's MCV, the first mass produced car with a carbon passenger cell
An interesting solution for NASCAR race engine alternators
Prepreg materials investigated as a storage battery for future cars
Research & Development - Lamborghini prepares for the future with a new carbon-fibre research development
Environment - How adhesives reduce emissions, minimize waste and improve recycling
FRP recycling in Europe, North America and the Pacific Rim area
USER'S PLATFORM
Composites in the world - Agile as a snake for ice climbing
Recyclable emergency snow shovel
Superbus: an innovative public transport concept
Successful partners - Conseil & Technique, an SME dedicated to the development of new products
Application - Advanced graphite composite bipolar plate for fuel cells
KNOW-HOW
Software - four factors drive the development of superior wind blades
Simulation - Bespoke simulation for thermoplastic composite
Raw material - Latent acid catalysts for process control phenolics
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Cover
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 2
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 3
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 4
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 5
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Contents
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 7
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Hexagon Composites signs new major contract with Daimler AG
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - National Aerospace Laboratories: incisive know-how
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Innovations - Twelve companies rewarded by JEC and CCE for their composites innovations
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Agenda of events
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Equipment: Welding - Increasing bond strength and reducing defects in ultrasonic welding
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 13
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Market survey - Aerospace composites in Quebec: a wealth of players and R&D
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 15
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - AN INTERVIEW WITH JACQUES CABANA PRESIDENT & GENERAL MANAGER FDC COMPOSITES Inc.
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 17
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Niche Market - Tool-side breathing allows BAE Systems to manufacture its new UAV
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Trend - Composites and the carbon label
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 20
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 21
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 22
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 23
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Data - World ranking of manufacturers years 2009
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 25
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Trend -Formula One experience to drive forward other industries
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 27
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Application - BMW's MCV, the first mass produced car with a carbon passenger cell
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 29
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - An interesting solution for NASCAR race engine alternators
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Prepreg materials investigated as a storage battery for future cars
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Research & Development - Lamborghini prepares for the future with a new carbon-fibre research development
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 33
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Environment - How adhesives reduce emissions, minimize waste and improve recycling
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 35
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 36
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - FRP recycling in Europe, North America and the Pacific Rim area
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 38
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 39
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 40
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 41
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 42
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 43
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Superbus: an innovative public transport concept
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Successful partners - Conseil & Technique, an SME dedicated to the development of new products
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 46
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Application - Advanced graphite composite bipolar plate for fuel cells
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 48
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 49
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Software - four factors drive the development of superior wind blades
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 51
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 52
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Simulation - Bespoke simulation for thermoplastic composite
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 54
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 55
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 56
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - Raw material - Latent acid catalysts for process control phenolics
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 58
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 59
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #61 - November/December 2010 - 60
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