JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 25

interior trims for doors.
Figure 3 shows the distribution of the total volume
(80,000 tonnes) of different
wood and natural fibres used
in the 150,000 tonnes of
composites for passenger cars
and lorries that were produced
in Europe in 2012 (90,000
tonnes of natural fibre composites and 60,000 tonnes of
WPC). Recycled cotton fibre
composites are mainly used
for the driver cabins of lorries.
The highest market shares
are for wood (of European
origin), recycled cotton (from
the world market) and flax
fibres (of European origin).
The shares of kenaf (from
Asia) and hemp fibres (European origin) show the largest
increases in percentage terms
since the last survey conducted for the year 2005.

Process-wise, compression
moulding of wood and
natural fibre composites is
an established and proven
technique for the production
of extensive, lightweight and
high-class interior parts for
mid-range and luxury cars.
The advantages (lightweight
construction, crash behaviour,
deformation resistance, lamination ability and, depending
on the overall concept, price)
and disadvantages (limited
shape and design forming,
scraps, cost disadvantages in
case of high part integration
in construction parts) are well
known. Process optimisations are in progress in order
to reduce certain problems
such as scraps and to recycle
wastage.
Since 2009, new improved
compression-moulded parts
have shown impressive weight
reduction characteristics. This

Fig. 3: Use of wood and natural fibres for composites in the European automotive industry in 2012, including cotton and wood (total volume: 80,000 tonnes).
"Others" are mainly jute, coir, sisal and abaca (nova 2014)

goes some way to explaining
the growing interest in new
car models. Using the newest
technology, it is now possible
to get area weight down to
1,500 g/m2 (with thermoplastics) or even 1,000 g/m2
(with thermosets), which are
outstanding properties when
compared to pure plastics or
glass fibre composites.
Still small in volume but
strong in innovation, PP and
cellulose-based granulates
for injection-moulded parts
were recently introduced into
the automotive market by big
paper companies in Europe
and the USA.
15.7 million passenger cars
were produced in the EU in
2011, and an additional 2
million other motor vehicles
(including trucks, transporters, motor bikes, etc.) were
manufactured. Considering
that 30,000 tonnes of natural
fibres and another 30,000
tonnes of wood fibres were
used in 15.7 million passenger
cars, on average every passenger car in Europe contains 1.9
kg of natural fibres and respectively 1.9 kg of wood fibres.
Since the German automotive
industry is the most important consumer of natural fibre
parts within the European
automotive sector and since
natural fibres are more used
in middle- and high-class cars,
the figures of 1.9 kg for the
European average and 3.6 kg
for the German average match
well.
From a technical point of
view, much higher volumes of
WPC and NFC are possible.
Vehicles have been successfully produced in series for
years with considerably larger
amounts: 20 kg of natural
No89 May 2014 /

and wood fibres. Market
developments also depend
on the political framework:
any incentives for the use of
natural and wood fibres in the
European automotive industry
could help to extend the
existing volumes of 30,000 t/
year each for natural and wood
fibres. Such a vision could lead
to an increase by a factor of up
to five, which would represent
150,000 tonnes per year and
fibre type. The technologies
are ready to use, biocomposites have great potential!

Outlook for WPC and
NFC production in the EU
until 2020
As just discussed, the production and use of 150,000 tonnes
of biocomposites (using
80,000 tonnes of wood and
natural fibres) in the automotive sector in 2012 could
expand to over 600,000 tonnes
of biocomposites in 2020,
using 150,000 tonnes of wood
and natural fibres each along
with some recycled cotton. Yet
this fast development will not
take place if there are no major
political incentives to increase
the bio-based share of the
materials used in cars. Without
incentives, the study forecasts
that production will only
increase to 200,000 tonnes.
Huge percentage increases
can also be expected for WPC
and NFC granulates used in
injection moulding for all kind
of technical and consumer
goods. With improved technical properties, lower prices
and bigger suppliers capable of
supporting their customers, a
growth from the tiny amount
of 15,000 tonnes in 2012 to
100,000 tonnes by 2020 can
be expected. Additional incentives might at least double

jec composites magazine 25



JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014

Cover
Edito
Point of view: volume production
Contents
COMPANY & BUSINESS In Brief
MEA
Agenda of Events
APPLICATIONS
Race car
E-helicopter
Pipes
Consumer goods
MARKET
Brazil
U.S.
WPC
FEATURE AERONAUTICS
Integration
CMC
Prepregs
CAE
Design
Equipment
Structure
Interview
RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT
Infusion
Process
TECHNOLOGY & INNOVATIONS
Automotive
Tow placement
Core materials
Index
In the world
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Cover
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 2
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Edito
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Point of view: volume production
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 5
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Contents
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 7
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - COMPANY & BUSINESS In Brief
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Agenda of Events
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - MEA
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 11
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Ad1
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Ad2
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Race car
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 13
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 14
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - E-helicopter
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Pipes
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 17
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Consumer goods
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 19
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Brazil
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 21
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - U.S.
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - WPC
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 24
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 25
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 26
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Integration
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 28
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - CMC
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 30
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 31
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Prepregs
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 33
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 34
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - CAE
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 36
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Design
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 38
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 39
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Equipment
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 41
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Structure
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 43
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Interview
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 45
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 46
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Infusion
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 48
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 49
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 50
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Process
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 52
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 53
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Automotive
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 55
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 56
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 57
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 58
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 59
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Tow placement
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 61
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 62
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Core materials
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 64
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - Index
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - In the world
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 67
JEC COMPOSITES MAGAZINE - Issue #89 - May 2014 - 68
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