December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 28

Who, What, Where & how Around the Parks

R E S E A R C H U P DAT E

Much Needed Evidence
Five NRPA papers document the scientific basis for
all the good parks do for communities.

O

ne of the major sessions at the recently
concluded NRPA Congress & Exposition introduced a series of
monographs created to present the scientific basis for the importance of parks
and recreation to their local communities. NRPA Chief Executive Officer
Barbara Tulipane introduced keynote
speaker and lead author of the white paper project, John Crompton. Tupilane
explained that until recently, there was a
dearth of evidence backing up this view.
Earlier this year, NRPA commissioned
Crompton and four other experts on the
role of parks to provide the most current
and compelling science for educating
elected officials and other parties on the
merits of parks and recreation. Following
are summaries of the five papers.

The Benefits of Physical Activity
Provided by Park and Recreation
Services
By Dr. Geoffrey Godbey, Penn State
University; and Dr. Andrew Mowen,
Penn State University
With public park and recreation services now recognized as part of the U.S.
health-care system, their funding is contingent on the physical activity benefits
provided. The current public trend is to
support additional funding for these services, which also results in higher levels
of physical activity benefits.
As people are most likely to exercise during their leisure time, park
and recreation resources located within a close proximity to communities result in more physical activity and better
health for those residents. Most people
tend to pursue activities that they enjoy,

24	 Parks & Recreation

DECEMBER 2010

often for decades, such as walking, hiking, jogging, running, bicycling, individual and team sports, unstructured and
playground play, dancing, water-based
recreational activity, bird and other animal watching, wildlife photography, and
hunting and fishing.
Government park and recreation
services are ideal locations for such activities, and are extremely affordable-
often available at low or no cost to local
residents. These services are utilized by
the vast majority of the public and would
likely be used to a greater extent if additional investments were made, particularly given the current economy.
During this era of economic downturn, people are more dependent than
ever on public park and recreation services for physical activity. Studies show
a sharp increase in public park and
playground use among families with
children, especially those with children
younger than six years of age.
To encourage even more widespread
use of public park and recreation services, which will in turn motivate the public
to participate in more physical exercise across lifespans, additional funding
should be allocated toward designing
and renovating parks, promoting services offered as an essential component
of the healthcare system, and ensuring providers and participants focus on
physical activity and health outcomes.
Park and recreation policy should
expand the physical activity impact of
parks and recreation by ensuring that
facilities are located within a certain
distance of population centers, services
are offered during peak hours of leisure
time, pedestrian and bicycle networks
are included, and policies to support the

www.NRPA .ORG

capacity of park and recreation agencies
are funded.

The Rationale for Recreation Services
for Youth: An Evidence Based
Approach
By Dr. Peter Witt, Penn State
University; and Dr. Linda Caldwell,
Penn State University
When the school bell rings, millions of
children and teens are turned out on the
streets without constructive activities or
adult supervision. Crimes by and against
children soar from 3 to 6 p.m., including
car accidents, abuse of illicit substances,
and sexual assault. According to a recent
study, for every dollar invested in afterschool programs, taxpayers save an average of $6 in crime costs.
Protecting youth during this critical
time of day safeguards not only their
welfare, but also that of the greater community. Prevention is key. By offering
fun, structured activities and supervision, park and recreation programs are
meeting this need by providing excellent opportunities for youth to develop
and grow into fully functioning adults.
To be even more effective, park and
recreation agencies should be key partners in creating planned, purposive
programs to enable young people to develop the knowledge, values, attitudes,
skills, and behaviors necessary to successfully transition to adulthood. Properly designed and conducted after-school
and summer programs can reduce negative behaviors, exposure to violence,
healthcare costs, parental stress, and
lost job productivity. Conversely, such
programs can increase positive behaviors and self-confidence, optimism and
initiative, educational performance, civic



December 2010 - Parks & Recreation

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of December 2010 - Parks & Recreation

December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 1
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 2
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 3
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 4
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 5
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 6
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 7
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 8
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 9
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 10
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 11
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 12
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 13
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 14
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 15
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 16
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 17
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 18
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 19
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 20
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 21
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 22
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 23
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 24
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 25
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 26
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 27
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 28
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 29
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 30
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 31
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 32
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 33
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 34
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 35
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 36
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 37
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 38
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 39
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 40
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 41
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 42
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 43
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 44
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 45
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 46
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 47
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 48
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 49
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 50
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 51
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 52
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 53
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 54
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 55
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 56
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 57
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 58
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 59
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 60
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 61
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 62
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 63
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 64
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 65
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 66
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 67
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 68
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 69
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 70
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 71
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 72
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 73
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 74
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 75
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 76
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 77
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 78
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 79
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 80
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 81
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 82
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 83
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 84
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 85
December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 86
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2009
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com