December 2010 - Parks & Recreation - 71

If you have an incidence of graffiti on a
wall, you should repaint the whole wall,
not just that one spot. That will give
vandals the impression that, " Whoa,
somebody really cares about this. "
Maintenance
Maintenance under CPTED is often compared to the wellknown " broken window theory " in which an area that appears
to be under proper upkeep will tend to deter vandalism. A
well-cared-for facility where broken lights are fi xed quickly
and that is painted annually will make criminals think that they
are likely to get caught there. " If you have an incidence of graffiti on a wall, you should repaint the whole wall, not just that one
spot. That will give vandals the impression that, 'Whoa, somebody really cares about this' and that they are likely watching
that wall pretty closely, " chuckles Sczuroski.
At the Lee's Summit skate park, they've taken this principle
to heart. " All parks are checked routinely for damage, graffiti,
trash removal, and other maintenance issues, " says Dunning.
According to Sczuroski, other safety policies park managers should consider are traffic calming measures and landscaping designs that consider the future effects of mature trees
on lighting installations. Lighting has to take into account the
situation-lit trails surrounded by houses that help provide
surveillance can be helpful in deterring lewdness, for example, while a well-lit rural trail is only helping the bad guys see
better, Sczuroski says. Part of the training offered by NCPC
includes a " practicum " where participants will go out into the
community or park and then come back to class to discuss the
problem areas they noted.
What are the results from CPTED implementation? While
the number of calls for police service does go down, Sczuroski says that's not the only measure for success. Besides the actual incidence rate for crime, the community's perceptions or
fears about crime in the park also decline, leading to a better
quality of life. " You see people using the park who didn't use
it before, " Sczuroski says.
" A lot of joggers and bicyclists are using the trail-it's more
attractive for other people, " says Lt. Smith about the Jordan
River Parkway since proactive enforcement and park design
changes were implemented. Dunning agrees about the apparent successfulness of CPTED techniques. " I have seen other
areas attempt to provide similar features, only to have them
vandalized, covered with graffiti, and be somewhat of a magnet for inappropriate behavior. We have not experienced much
of this type of activity with this feature primarily because of the
involvement in planning, and CPTED principles incorporated
into the project, " says Dunning.
For more information about NCPC CPTED training, see
www.ncpc.org or call 202.466.6272.

	

CirCle 24 on produCt information form on paGe 79

-Elizabeth	Beard
CirCle 25 on produCt information form on paGe 79

www.NRPA .ORG

DECEMBER	2010		

Parks & Recreation

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December 2010 - Parks & Recreation

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