October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 42

LAW REVIEW

OBVIOUS TREE HA Z ARD ON PARK SLEDDING HILL

ger; and
(5) the condition was a proximate
cause of damage to the lawful
visitor.

On appeal, the City contended that

the evidence at trial did not support
the second element, i.e., a conclusion
that the City " realized the condition involved an unreasonable risk of harm to
the lawful visitor. " Moreover, the City

contended that the evidence was also
insufficient to prove the third element,
i.e., lawful visitors to the Park " would
not discover or realize the danger or
would fail to protect himself or herself
against the danger. "

Realization of Risk
In the opinion of the state supreme
court, the district court had not erred
in finding that " the City should have
realized the crab apple trees posed an
unreasonable risk of harm to sledders. "
In so doing, at the time of the accident,
the state supreme court found " the City
knew the area of the park where the accident occurred was used by the public
for sledding and knew there had been
prior sledding accidents involving trees. "
Before planting the tree which
Rachel and Chelsea's sled struck,
the City was aware of public sentiment that new plantings should be
avoided in the area of the park used
for sledding. Indeed, the City had
made that a goal of the project. After the crab apple trees were planted on the southeast slope, Pierce,
the city forester, recommended
that they be removed. One of the
reasons for his recommendation
was that the trees presented a hazard to sledders. And 12 days before
the Connelly accident, a sled with
two children on it struck one of the
crab apple trees.

Bring families together with bright colors, interaction,
multiple water effects and themed play, while being
confident that Water Odyssey's long-lasting components
will keep your facilities attractive for years to come.
=mfÛ=gjek»ÛÝÛ@fl]j[`Yf_]YZd]Û:gehgf]flkÛÝÛNaj]d]kkÛ8[lanYlagfÛÛ
CgoÛNYl]jÛ:gfkmehlagfÛFhlagfkÛÝÛ:mklgeÛ:YhYZadala]k

Contact Us: 512.392.1155 | www.waterodyssey.com
See us in Anaheim at booth #1338
40 Parks & Recreation

| OCTOBER 2012 | WWW.NRPA.ORG

The state supreme court then considered whether the City " should have
expected that lawful visitors such as the
Connellys would either not discover or
realize the danger posed by the crab apple trees or would fail to protect themselves against the danger. " On appeal,
the City had contended that " the open
and obvious tree did not present an
unreasonable risk of harm to sledders
who should have discovered it, realized the danger, and gone elsewhere. "



October 2012 - Parks & Recreation

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of October 2012 - Parks & Recreation

October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 1
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 2
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 3
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 4
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 5
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 6
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 7
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 8
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 9
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 10
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 11
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 12
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 13
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 14
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 15
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 16
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 17
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 18
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 19
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 20
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 21
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 22
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 23
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 24
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 25
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 26
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 27
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 28
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 29
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 30
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 31
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 32
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 33
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 34
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 35
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 36
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 37
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 38
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 39
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 40
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 41
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 42
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 43
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 44
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 45
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 46
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 47
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 48
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 49
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 50
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 51
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 52
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 53
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 54
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 55
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 56
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 57
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 58
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 59
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 60
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 61
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 62
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 63
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 64
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 65
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 66
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 67
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 68
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 69
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 70
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 71
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 72
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 73
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 74
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 75
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 76
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 77
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 78
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 79
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 80
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 81
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 82
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 83
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 84
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 85
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 86
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 87
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 88
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 89
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 90
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 91
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 92
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2009
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com