October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 44

LAW REVIEW

OBVIOUS TREE HA Z ARD ON PARK SLEDDING HILL

reasonable alternative way is open

Distraction Exception

to the visitor, known or obvious to

On appeal, the City argued that the district court had erred by not correctly
addressing the " distraction " exception to the open and obvious rule. In
so doing, the City claimed " there was
no evidence that Rachel and Chelsea
were actually distracted at the time of
the accident. " The state supreme court
found the City's argument had " merit. "
For the " distraction " exception to apply,
the state supreme court found " it must
have been foreseeable that the plaintiff would become distracted and there
must be evidence that the plaintiff actually became distracted. "
However, under the circumstances of
this particular case, the state supreme
court agreed with " the district court's
alternative reasoning " applicable to " a
governmental entity operating a park

him, and safe.

In this particular instance, " regardless of whether the crab apple tree was
an open and obvious danger, " the district court had concluded that the City
should have anticipated plaintiffs, such
as the Connellys, " would fail to protect
himself or herself against the danger. "
The [district] court reasoned that
the City was a government agency
maintaining land upon which the
Connellys were entitled to enter as
a matter of public right and that it
should have anticipated that persons sledding in the park would fail
to protect themselves, because
they may be distracted by the other
people and activities involved with
the sledding.

See us in Anaheim at booth #311
42

Parks & Recreation

| OCTOBER 2012 | WWW.NRPA.ORG

that was open to the public and commonly used for sledding. " Speci´Čücally, the state supreme found " the City
should have expected the public to encounter some dangers which were not
unduly extreme, rather than forgo the
right to use the park for sledding " :
The danger posed by the tree
was based on its position along
one side of the sledding slope. The
tree did not present an unduly extreme danger, as evidenced by the
fact that Slaven did not appreciate
the danger when she determined
the location for the tree, or even after Pierce suggested that it be removed because of its proximity to
the sledding area.

As a result, the state supreme court
concluded that " the district court did
not err when it concluded the City



October 2012 - Parks & Recreation

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of October 2012 - Parks & Recreation

October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 1
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 2
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 3
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 4
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 5
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 6
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 7
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 8
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 9
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 10
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 11
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 12
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 13
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 14
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 15
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 16
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 17
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 18
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 19
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 20
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 21
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 22
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 23
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 24
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 25
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 26
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 27
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 28
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 29
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 30
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 31
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 32
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 33
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 34
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 35
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 36
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 37
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 38
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 39
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 40
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 41
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 42
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 43
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 44
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 45
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 46
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 47
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 48
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 49
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 50
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 51
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 52
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 53
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 54
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 55
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 56
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 57
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 58
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 59
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 60
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 61
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 62
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 63
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 64
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 65
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 66
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 67
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 68
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 69
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 70
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 71
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 72
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 73
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 74
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 75
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 76
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 77
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 78
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 79
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 80
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 81
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 82
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 83
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 84
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 85
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 86
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 87
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 88
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 89
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 90
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 91
October 2012 - Parks & Recreation - 92
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/october-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/september-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/august-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/july-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/june-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/may-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/april-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/march-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/february-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/january-2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/december-2009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nrpa/ParksRecreationMagazine/november-2009
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com