For the Defense - Vol. 4, Issue 3 - 41

SANE programs were first established in the mid
to late 1970s in Minneapolis, Minnesota, Memphis,
Tennessee, and Amarillo, Texas.3 In 1991, the
Journal of Emergency Nursing reported 20 SANE
programs in existence. As of 2005, there were
nearly 450 SANE programs throughout the United
States and the number of programs continues to
grow.5 Although the SANE programs continue to
grow, the turnover and availability of trained SANE
nurses is concerning. In Wisconsin, the state trained

an estimated 540 SANE nurses over a two-year time
period.6 After the end of those two years, only 42
were still practicing in the state.7 This is consistent
with the turnover rate of nurses in general. A 2014
survey showed that one in five nurses leaves their
first job within one year, and three in five leave
within two years.8
SANE nurses require specialized training. The
U.S. Department of Justice Office on Violence
Against Woman has created National Training
Vol. 4, Issue 3

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For The Defense

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For the Defense - Vol. 4, Issue 3

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of For the Defense - Vol. 4, Issue 3

Contents
For the Defense - Vol. 4, Issue 3 - 1
For the Defense - Vol. 4, Issue 3 - 2
For the Defense - Vol. 4, Issue 3 - Contents
For the Defense - Vol. 4, Issue 3 - 4
For the Defense - Vol. 4, Issue 3 - 5
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For the Defense - Vol. 4, Issue 3 - 54
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