Bold Voices - January 2011 - (Page 13)

AT THE BEDSIDE Childhood Obesity Linked to Viral Infections “Adenovirus 36 and Obesity in Children and Adolescents,” in October’s Pediatrics, associates obesity and higher body weight with the presence of neutralizing antibodies to adenovirus 36 (AD36) in children. The cross-sectional study of 124 non-obese and obese children ages 8 to 18, which used a serum neutralization assay to determine the presence of Schwimmer says, in cell cultures, AD36 infects “preadipocytes or immature fat cells, prompting them to develop more quickly and proliferate in greater numbers than normal,” study information adds. “This might be the mechanism for obesity, but more work needs to be done,” he notes. “If a cause-and-effect relationship is established, it would have considerable implications for the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity,” says an abstract of the study. An extra 35 to 50 pounds greatly increases risk of diabetes, and heart and liver disease. AD36-specific antibodies and a body mass index in the 95th percentile to determine obesity, found most AD36-positive children to be obese. Study information calls AD36 “one of more than 50 strains of adenovirus known to infect humans and cause a variety of respiratory, gastrointestinal and other infections.” It adds, “Children who were AD36-positive weighed almost 50 pounds more, on average, than children who were AD36-negative. Within the group of obese children, those with evidence of AD36 infection weighed an average of 35 pounds more than obese children who were AD36negative.” Jeffrey Schwimmer, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, and director of Weight and Wellness at Rady Children’s Hospital, San Diego, says, in children, “an extra 35 to 50 pounds is more than enough to greatly increase” the risks of heart disease, liver disease and diabetes. “These data add credence to the concept that an infection can be a cause or contributor to obesity.” Bring Your Leadership & Nursing Talent to a Health System that Will Recognize You. Froedtert Health currently has Nurse Leadership openings at: Froedtert Hospital - Milwaukee, WI St. Joseph’s Hospital - West Bend, WI Froedtert Health Medical Group: • Menomonee Falls, WI • West Bend, WI In the following areas: • Medical • Surgical • Infusion • Ortho/Ortho Trauma • Medical/Surgical Make 2011 a Year to Remember! Do you strive to be the very best? Apply yourself today. We are proud to be an Equal Opportunity Employer. We maintain a drug-free workplace and perform pre-employment substance abuse testing. Apply Yourself Today. AACN BOLD VOICES JANUARY 2011 13

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Bold Voices - January 2011

Front/Digital Edition Viewing Guide
Another Angle
AACN Boards and Contact Information
New HHS-CCSC Awards Recognize HAI Reductions
Zero Tolerance for Preventable Incidents Involves Non-Surgical Specialties
Bold Voice: Chatting with MaryAnn Stump
Facebook Asthma?
EOL Care Rises for Heart Failure Patients on Medicare
More Patient, Family Contact Needed in EOL Care
Chronic Lung Disease of Prematurity Increases Respiratory Risk in Day Care
Childhood Obesity Linked to Viral Infections
Pharmaceutical Safety at Home
DTaP, Tdap: What's in a Name?
In Our Journals
STOP-BANG Helps Identify Surgical Patients at Risk
Fewer Blood Transfusions Can Improve Patient Safety, Reduce Costs
Certification Capsules
Dues, NTI and Certification Fees Will Not Increase
From the President

Bold Voices - January 2011