Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 16

Supernova Remnants
CRAB NEBULA This infrared
composite of Messier 1 reveals
the familiar cage-like structure,
traced here by doubly ionized
sulfur (red-orange). Dusty
ridges lie within (yellow-white
and green). The " fog " is synchrotron
radiation, generated
by particles zipping around the
magnetic fields of the central
neutron star, which sits at the
center of the ripple-like ring.
(continued from page 13)
The boundary between the compressed circumstellar
Postmortem Report
Supernova remnants tend to share a basic structure. When a
big star explodes, it propels a blast wave out into the surrounding
gas, called the circumstellar medium. The circumstellar
medium is often stuff thrown off by the aging star as it neared
death. The blast wave rams through this gas and compresses
and heats it, making it glow for a time. This bright boundary
around the remnant expands as the blast wave travels.
Bringing up the rear is the supernova debris. The debris
races outward, cooling as it goes. But it doesn't stay cool
forever. The outermost ejecta slams into the circumstellar
medium, putting the brakes on the ejecta's expansion and
making a hot shell. The debris flying out right behind this
ejecta then collides with the shell, creating a shock wave that
rebounds inward, back toward the center. As this shock wave
passes through the cold ejecta in the remnant's interior, it
reheats the material to millions of degrees.
16 MAY 2024 * SKY & TELESCOPE
medium and the hot ejecta shell is often wrinkled and nubbly,
due to their different densities.
But beyond this general semblance, remnants are as
variegated as people. That's because different kinds of stars
go kaboom, and they do so in different environments. A
remnant is a complex interplay of nature and nurture, and
teasing the history apart keeps astronomers plenty busy.
For example, when big stars' cores collapse under their
own weight, they tend to make asymmetric remnants. Cassiopeia
A is a prime example. Work by Tyler Holland-Ashford
(Center for Astrophysics, Harvard & Smithsonian) and
others shows that heavy elements formed at the center of
the explosion that made Cas A are scattered haphazardly in
the remnant - more so than the lighter elements made in
the star's outer layers. Previous work also indicated that the
heaviest, nickel-rich material in the remnant raced out ahead
of the other, lighter ejecta. It's as though the explosion was
inside-out.
NASA / ESA / CSA / STSCI / T. TEMIM (PRINCETON UNIV.)

Sky & Telescope - May 2024

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Sky & Telescope - May 2024

Contents
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - Cover1
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - Cover2
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 1
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - Contents
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 3
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 4
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 5
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 6
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 7
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 8
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 9
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 10
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 11
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 12
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 13
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 14
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 15
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 16
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 17
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 18
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 19
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 20
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 21
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 22
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 23
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 24
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 25
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 26
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 27
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 28
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 29
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 30
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 31
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 32
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 33
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 34
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 35
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 36
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 37
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 38
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 39
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 40
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 41
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 42
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 43
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 44
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 45
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 46
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 47
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 48
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 49
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 50
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 51
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 52
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 53
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 54
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 55
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 56
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 57
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 58
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 59
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 60
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 61
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 62
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 63
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 64
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 65
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 66
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 67
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 68
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 69
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 70
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 71
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 72
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 73
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 74
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 75
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 76
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 77
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 78
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 79
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 80
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 81
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 82
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 83
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - 84
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - Cover3
Sky & Telescope - May 2024 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202408
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202407
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202406
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202405
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202404_qr
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202404
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202403
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202402
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202401_aus
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202401
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202312_aus
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202312
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202311
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202310
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202309
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202308
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202307
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202306
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202305
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202304_qr
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202303
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202302
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202301
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202212
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202211
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202210
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202209
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202208
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202207
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202206
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202205
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202204
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202203
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202202
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202201
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202111
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202110
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202109
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202108
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202107
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202106
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/skywatch_2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_202001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201812
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201811
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201809
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201808
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201807
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201806
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201805
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201803
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201802
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201801
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201712
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201711
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201710
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201709
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201707
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201706
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201705
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201704
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201703
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201702
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201701
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201612
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201611
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201610
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201609
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201608
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201606
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201605
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201604
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201603
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201602
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201601
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201512
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201511
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201510
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201509
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201508
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201507
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201505
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201504
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201503
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201502
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201501
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201412
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201411
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201410
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201409
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201408
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201407
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201406
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_mars
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201405
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201404
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201403
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201402
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201401
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201312
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201311
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201310
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201309
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201308
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201307
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201306
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201305
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201303
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201302
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201301
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201212
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201211
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201210
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201209
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201208
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201207
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201206
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201205
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201204
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201203
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201202
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201201
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201111
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201110
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201109
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201108
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201107
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201106
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aas/st_201001
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com