Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 41

the way back to the plan that he and Mayor Lindsay developed in
the mid-1970s to ease Manhattan's gridlock.
"Move New York is a program to overhaul and reform the toll
regime in the city of New York in a way that would vastly reduce
traffic gridlock and improve public transportation," says Komanoff.
The program would toll all the routes in and out of the Manhattan Central Business District (CBD) and the four East River bridges
while at the same time reducing the tolls on bridges in the outer
boroughs.
"Most residents from the outer boroughs don't drive regularly
into the Manhattan CBD, but they pay high tolls to cross the outerborough bridges because there aren't any mass transit alternatives,"
says Komanoff. "Sam came up with a solution that would take away
this unfairness and generate so much more revenue that it would
revive capital investment in the subways, buses and commuter rails."
ACEC/New York has backed the Move New York initiative from
the beginning. Despite opposition at the state level, Simson says,
"I think it can get done. And Sam deserves a lot of credit for that
because of his history and credibility."
LEAVING A LEGACY

Schwartz has expanded his notoriety beyond New York City and
outside the engineering industry with the publication in 2015 of
Street Smart: The Rise of Cities and The Fall of Cars. Part autobiography, part manifesto, the book tracks the rise of the automobile to
its current status of cultural dominance and then looks at what the
future might hold.
While Schwartz doesn't doubt the continued primacy of the car
in America, he says we are in a time of huge transition. "We have
never seen such a rapid change in transportation as in the past five
years, and I expect the pace of change to accelerate," he says. "It's
even more dramatic than Henry Ford's making automobiles affordable or the building of the Interstate Highway System."
In the book, he focuses on three related developments: the
decline in driving among millennials, the growth of mobility
as a service (MAAS) and the
promise of automated vehicles
(AV).
Schwartz highlights the
25 percent decline in driving
miles by millennials in the early
2000s-the first generational
decline in history. He attributes
much of that decline to millennials' preference for urban living,
with its plethora of transportation alternatives, including mass
transit.
"In spite of this trend, however, we're still seeing highway
expansion programs," he says.
"The federal government talks
only about highway and bridge
improvements and nothing
about transit at all."
Many cities, on the other

Since 1990, he
has been writing
a Gridlock
Sam column
in the New York
Daily News,
answering
questions
from
commuters
and commenting
on transportation
issues in the
New York City
metropolitan
area

hand, have recognized the value of attracting millennials. "There is
a close correlation between millennials and technology centers and
the GDP of cities," he says. "Cities like Boise and Fargo are recognizing that the ways of the past are not what young people today
desire. They want walkable and bikeable cities. They want transit
systems."
In the years since he wrote the book, millennial driving has
inched up, says Schwartz, due to lower unemployment and plummeting gas prices, but the overall decline in millennial driving
remains. "Especially among younger millennials," he says.
Millennials also have helped to fuel the rapid expansion of MAAS
through companies such as Uber and Lyft. While he is a big fan of
MAAS, Schwartz says it's not an unqualified positive.
"The free market element should be part of MAAS, but society
also has to have a voice in how we want to do this," he says. "We
didn't do that with Uber [in New York City]. The city was caught
flat-footed. The number of MAAS trips now exceeds taxi fares, vehicle miles traveled in the city has increased by 7 percent, and traffic
speeds in Midtown are down by 20 percent. We're strangling here."
He says MAAS has a lot of space to grow beyond app-based car
sharing services. "We're working with Ford, which is looking to
transform itself from a motor company to a mobility company,"
says Schwartz. "They clearly recognize that in 20 years their business
will be fewer cars and more mobility as a service."
The biggest development, however, will undoubtedly be autonomous vehicles.
"I'm impressed with the speed at which they're coming to the
market, but they will have a long way to go," he says. "If you were
to say that Stage 5 will be the driver never being called upon to do
anything, then I would say we're only at Stage 1 right now." He predicts the market will reach Stage 5 within 20 years.
Engineers, though, need to start preparing now, says Schwartz.
"We're going to need to adapt to AV," he says. "Calculations for
infrastructure are going to have to come down significantly. Lanes
will be narrower and capacities will increase. Will we need one-way
streets anymore? Lanes? I think the vehicles will just figure it out."
And it's not just infrastructure. The combination of MAAS and
AV will mean far fewer cars on the roads and less need for parking.
"The parking garages we build today will need to be something else
in 20 years," he says. "What if, for example, we built garages that
could be easily converted to residential?"
No, Schwartz is not your typical traffic engineer. n
Gerry Donohue is ACEC's senior communications writer. He can be
reached at gdonohue@acec.org.
Sam Schwartz's Transportation Consultants
provided logistics planning, agency
coordination, traffic analysis, and
development of traffic and pedestrian
mitigation plans for the Barclays Center at
Atlantic Yards, Brooklyn, N.Y.

SEPTEMBER / OCTOBER 2017

ENGINEERING INC.

41



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Engineering Inc - September/October 2017

Engineering Inc - September/october 2017
Contents
From Acec to You
Market Watch
Legislative Action
Eye on The Storm
Boost Profits, Reduce Loss
Innovations in Airport Design
Future Looks Bright for Vr
The Legend of Gridlock Sam
Focus on Philanthropy
Guest Column
Mergers and Acquisitions
Members in the News
Business Insights
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - Intro
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - Engineering Inc - September/october 2017
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - Cover2
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - Contents
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 2
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 3
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - From Acec to You
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 5
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - Market Watch
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 7
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - Legislative Action
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 9
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - Eye on The Storm
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 11
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 12
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 13
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 14
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 15
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 16
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 17
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - Boost Profits, Reduce Loss
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 19
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 20
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 21
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 22
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - Innovations in Airport Design
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 24
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 25
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 26
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 27
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 28
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 29
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - Future Looks Bright for Vr
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 31
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 32
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 33
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 34
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 35
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 36
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 37
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - The Legend of Gridlock Sam
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 39
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 40
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 41
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - Focus on Philanthropy
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 43
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 44
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 45
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 46
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 47
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - Guest Column
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 49
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - Mergers and Acquisitions
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 51
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 52
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - Members in the News
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 54
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - 55
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - Business Insights
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - Cover3
Engineering Inc - September/October 2017 - Cover4
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc_winter2020
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc1119
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0919
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0719
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0519
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0319
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0119
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc1118
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0918
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0718
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0518
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0318
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0118
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc1117
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0917
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0717
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0517
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0317
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0117
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc1116
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0916
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0716
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0516
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0316
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0116
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc1115
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0915
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0715
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0515
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0315
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0115
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc1114
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0914
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0714
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0514
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0314
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0114
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc1113
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0913
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0713
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0513
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0313
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0113
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc1112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0912
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0712
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0512
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0312
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc1111
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0911
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0711
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0511
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0311
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0111
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc1110
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringincSeptOct
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0710
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0510
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0310
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0110
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc1109
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0709
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0309
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0109_v2
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0109
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc1108
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0908
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0508
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0308
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0108
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc1107
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0907
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0707
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0507
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0307
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0107
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0505
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0305
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc1105
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0306
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0105
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc1103
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0906
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0903
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0703
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0106
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0503
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0303
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0904
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc1104
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0704
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0504
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0304
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0905
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0705
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0104
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc1106
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acec/engineeringinc0706
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com