The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 45, No. 2 - 15

AN EARLY STUDY OF ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION
(ADR) in residence hall conduct settings was Pitts and
Waryold's (1990) article "Conducting a Sanction Enhancement
Group as an Alternative to Punishment in a University
Residence Hall Discipline System" in The Journal of College
and University Student Housing. Instead of assigning
punitive sanctions for relatively minor community standards
violations, the authors pilot-tested six weeks of structured
group meetings with five residents-sessions that emphasized
personal decision-making and positive engagement in the
residential community. One semester later, these students
had no additional disciplinary incident reports, and the pilot
test was judged a success. In the almost 30 years since this
article, residence life and student conduct professionals
have developed or adapted a range of alternative dispute
resolution models and practices (e.g., restorative justice) for
use in their work. This historical trends manuscript traces
the evolution, use, and efficacy of ADR models in residential
student conduct settings. Targeted recommendations for
professional practice and planning are offered.

. . . research
suggests that
traditional
student conduct
adjudication
processes,
combined with
(increasingly)
harsh sanctions,
are ultimately
counterproductive.

Looking back at James H. Pitts and Daisy Waryold's "Conducting a
Sanction Enhancement Group as an Alternative to Punishment in a
University Residence Hall Discipline System"
The Journal of College and University Student Housing, Volume
20, Number 1 (Summer 1990), pp. 104-126
Residential college students have been disciplined for misconduct
since the inception of college residence halls, though the particular
aims, processes, and protocols have changed. Most contemporary
student conduct offices, including residential conduct offices, strive
to educate and develop students while holding them accountable
for their misconduct. Repairing harm to the community caused by
student misconduct is an increasingly salient consideration as residence halls have become identified as powerful educational environments that foster students' sense of community (Barrett, Baumann,

V O L U M E 4 5 , N O. 2 * 2 0 1 9

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The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 45, No. 2

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 45, No. 2

Contents
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 45, No. 2 - Intro
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The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 45, No. 2 - Contents
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