The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 45, No. 2 - 48

HIRING THE MOST CAPABLE students to serve in the RA role
should be a top priority for housing departments due to their
critical role as front-line student success employees. The
effort to identify and hire RAs typically includes a substantial
investment of personnel resources in hiring processes,
where candidates are typically evaluated across multiple
components (e.g., applications, group process, interviews)
spread across several days or weeks. Assuming that RA hiring
processes should ultimately reveal the candidates who are
most likely to demonstrate the strongest performance in the
job, this study explored how candidate scores may predict
performance under different scoring mechanisms. By using
various weighted component scores, this study reverseengineered the hiring process at one institution through two
annual hiring cycles. The primary analysis included nearly
400 simple linear regressions with different component
weighting combinations. At each step of the analysis, the
results revealed increased significant prediction of future
job performance using specific weighted component scores.
Throughout, discussion about structural and mechanical
bias within hiring processes is considered. Implications for
practitioners to increase hiring process intentionality and
recommendations for future research are shared.

Hiring for the position of resident assistant (RA) is a time-consuming and resource-intensive process (Berg & Stoner, 2016; Smailagic & Wiggin, 2014), which is to be expected given the substantial
responsibilities associated with the RA position (Horvath & Stack,
2013). Given the important and complex role RAs play as front-line
employees within the college student experience (Denzine & Anderson, 1999), identifying the best candidates for the RA position
should be valued with the utmost importance. The hiring process
should ultimately result in selecting the most qualified candidates
(Jaeger & Caison, 2006), which becomes more apparent when RAs
are viewed as "the cornerstone of the operation of residence life departments" (Bailey & Grandpre, 1997, p. 40).

Research on RA job
performance often
offers suggestions
for additional
evaluation
criteria within the
selection process-
for example,
personality
models, emotional
intelligence,
motivating
factors to seek
the RA position,
and attitudes
towards social
justice-to consider
when designing
the RA hiring
process, yet such
recommendations
rarely result
in published
scholarship
examining the
outcomes of the
recommendations.

49



The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 45, No. 2

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 45, No. 2

Contents
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 45, No. 2 - Intro
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