The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1 - 11

SENSE OF BELONGING is critical for students throughout
their college experience, and even more so now, given the
current concerns about undergraduate graduation rates.
The purpose of this study was to explore how students'
perception of their sense of belonging on campus is
affected by where and with whom they live. We utilized a
multidimensional approach, defining sense of belonging
with two dimensions: peer belonging and institutional
acceptance. In 2014, additional items measuring these
dimensions were appended to the end of the core National
Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE). Overall, more than
17,000 first-year and senior students at 44 four-year colleges
and universities responded. For both first-year and senior
students, results suggest that living environment and with
whom a student resides impact their sense of belonging
on campus. For example, students living with roommates
reported higher levels of peer belonging than did those
living alone. First-year students living farther than walking
distance from campus reported lower levels of peer
belonging than did those living on campus. Additionally,
off-campus seniors who lived within walking or driving
distance from campus reported lower levels of institutional
acceptance than did their classmates living on campus.
Additional results, potential reasons, and implications for
these results are also discussed.

. . . student
perceptions of
the campus
environment
and their sense
of belonging
on campus are
important for
many aspects
of the college
experience,
including
persistence.

Less than two-thirds (59.8%) of first-time, full-time students who
enroll in four-year undergraduate programs at higher education
institutions graduate within six years (U.S. Department of Education, 2018). Graduation rates can be impacted by student demographics (i.e., race/ethnicity, gender), first-generation status (U.S.
Department of Education, 2018), and type of institution (Snyder &
Dillow, 2013). Additionally, student perceptions of the campus environment and their sense of belonging on campus are important
for many aspects of the college experience, including persistence
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The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1

Contents
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1 - Intro
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1 - Cover1
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1 - Cover2
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