The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1 - 63

WORKING WITH TRAUMATIZED INDIVIDUALS can have
potentially negative impacts on professional support
personnel, including cognitive decline, increased anxiety,
and declines in physical health. Despite the responsibilities
of resident assistants as crisis-responders, few studies
explore how they are impacted by secondary trauma. This
study sought to understand how specific aspects of the RA
work environment relate to their self-reported levels of
secondary trauma. Using a sample of RAs (N = 208), the
researcher conducted a quantitative secondary analysis
of an existing dataset assessing symptoms of secondary
traumatic stress in RAs. Findings indicated relationships
between a variety of environmental factors and self-reported
symptoms of secondary trauma. Findings also suggested
that the type of trauma students experienced impacted RAs'
self-report of secondary trauma.

Secondary
traumatic stress
. . . has been
linked to
a number
of negative
occupational
outcomes such
as anxiety and

The number of students experiencing one or more traumatic life
events during their collegiate career has steadily increased on
college and university campuses (Center for Collegiate Mental
Health, 2017), and recent research has indicated a marked increase
in the rate and magnitude of the traumas experienced by students
(Locke & Stauffer, 2015). Nearly half of college counseling centers
across the U.S. have indicated an increase in the number of students they serve and in the severity of their conditions (Gallagher,
2014). One study found that 60% of sampled students have been
exposed to events that met criteria for trauma under definitions
found in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) (Read, Ouimette, White, Colder, & Farrow, 2011).
While sexual violence (Gallagher, 2014), discrimination (U.S. Department of Education, 2016), and severe mental health disorders
(Center for Collegiate Mental Health, 2017) are common types of
student traumas, there are many more. The most frequent crises
or traumas that students may face are (a) loss of loved ones, (b)
academic crisis, (c) severe economic hardships, (d) suicidal ideation
and behavior, (e) anxiety, depression, and psychosis, (f) eating disorders, (g) impulse control, (h) physical or emotional trauma such

depression,
low self-worth,
decreased
productivity, and
increased physical
maladies.

V O L U M E 4 6 , NO. 1 * 2 0 1 9

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The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1

Contents
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1 - Intro
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1 - Cover1
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