The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1 - 69

Secondary Trauma in RAs

as the types of trauma support in which an RA
engaged increased, the higher were their self-reported rates of secondary trauma. Additionally,
the more time an RA dedicated to supporting
residents through trauma, the more their selfreported rates of secondary trauma increased.

Results also demonstrated a positive relationship between the number of semesters RAs
serve in their role and the sum of trauma types
for which they have supported residents. This
indicated that, over time, RAs may be more
likely to encounter a variety of trauma types.

Table 1
Participant Demographic Data
n

%

73
117
2
16

35.1
56.3
1.0
7.7

13
3
10

6.3
1.4
4.8

2
2
2
4

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.9

147
25

70.7
12.0

159
9
5
8
27

76.4
4.3
2.4
3.8
13.0

1
25
99
64
9
5
5

0.5
12.0
47.6
30.8
4.3
2.4
2.4

Gender identity
Man or male or masculine
Woman or female or feminine
Non-binary*
Prefer not to answer

Sexual orientation
Straight
Gay or lesbian
Bisexual
Other**
Prefer not to answer
Academic standing
First year
Second year
Third year
Fourth year
Fifth (or more) year
Graduate student
Prefer not to answer

%

153
37
18

73.6
17.8
8.7

98
71
22
10
2
5

47.1
34.1
10.6
4.8
1.0
2.4

7
132
49
13
3
3
1

3.4
63.5
23.6
6.3
1.4
1.4
0.5

19
58
76
49
6

9.1
27.9
36.5
23.6
2.9

Institution type

Race
African American or Black
Asian
Latinx or Hispanic or Chicanx
American Indian or Alaska Native or
Indigenous or First Nations
Pacific Island Native
South Asian
Multiracial or biracial
White or Caucasian or European
American
Prefer not to answer

n

Public
Private
Prefer not to answer
Length of RA service
1-2 semesters
3-4 semesters
5-6 semesters
7-8 semesters
More than 8 semesters
Prefer not to answer
Number of residents
Less than 20
20-40
41-60
61-80
81-100
More than 100
Prefer not to answer
U.S. region
Northeast
South
Midwest
West
No response

*Non-binary includes transgender, gender non-conforming, gender queer, intersex, fluid, agender, and other related terms.
** "Other" category encompasses fluid, asexual, pansexual, queer, and questioning. Although these categories represented varied experiences, they
were condensed for analytical purposes.



The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1

Contents
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1 - Intro
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1 - Cover1
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The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1 - 6A
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1 - Contents
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