The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1 - 70

R. Jason Lynch

Table 2
Results of Bivariate Correlations for Work Environment Factors, STRAS Scale, and Subscales
M

SD

INT

NA
MEX

NA
MIN

AVD

STRAS

Sum of
trauma
types

Sum of trauma types

3.88

2.83

.41

.35

.38

.38

.46

-

Average amount of trauma support work
per year

3.10

1.25

.27

.23

.28

.24

.31

-

Number of semesters of RA service

1.75

.91

-

-

-

-

.30

-

Note. p < .001

. . . helping professionals who
identified strong networks reported
lower traumatic stress responses.
Within this framework, supportive
supervisors have also been
identified as a crucial mechanism
for prevention of secondary trauma.

No significant relationship existed between the
STRAS, or its subscales, and the number of
semesters of RA service, diversity of training
types, number of residents in the RA's community, or the average amount of time RAs
serve on-call per year.

Results of Independent Samples t-Test
for Trauma Types
Results indicated a number of statistically significant differences between RAs who supported

70

students through specific types of traumas versus
those who did not. Table 3 summarizes the
results of the independent samples t-tests for
specific trauma types that reached statistical
significance. In sum, RAs who supported residents who had witnessed a traumatic event or
who had experienced suicidal ideation, a severe
mental illness, the death of a loved one, or an
eating disorder reported higher average scores
across the STRAS and its subscales. RAs supporting residents who had experienced suicidal
ideation resulted in the largest difference in
STRAS average scores compared to RAs who
had not engaged in this type of support.

Scholarship in other helping
professions has demonstrated
that training focused on building
awareness of secondary traumatic
stress can help to mitigate the
development of this phenomenon.

THE JOURNAL OF COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY STUDENT HOUSING



The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1

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The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1 - Intro
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