The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1 - 71

Secondary Trauma in RAs

Table 3
Results of t-Test Comparing RA Support of Specific Student Trauma with
STRAS Scale and Subscales
Yes

No

M

SD

Witness to traumatic event

3.10

Suicidal ideation, attempt, or completion

2.92

Severe mental health episode

2.92

1.33

75

Death of a loved one

2.78

1.30

117

Eating disorder

3.15

1.38

37

Witness to traumatic event

2.82

1.46

Eating disorder

2.79

1.52

Suicidal ideation, attempt, or completion

3.25

Severe mental health episode

df

Eta2

-3.29

63.9

.06

-4.36

168.2

.09

n

M

SD

n

t

1.47

47

2.33

1.09

140

1.32

90

2.16

1.03

97

2.26

1.10

112

-3.54

137.6

.06

2.11

1.00

70

-3.98

174.1

.08

2.38

1.16

150

-3.49

185.0

.06

47

2.01

1.22

140

-3.39

68.6

.06

37

2.08

1.24

150

-3.00

185.0

.05

1.35

90

2.50

1.11

97

-4.13

173.1

.08

3.21

1.34

75

2.62

1.19

112

-3.14

185.0

.05

2.32

1.37

90

1.65

0.83

97

-4.09

144.6

.08

Witness to traumatic event

2.91

1.24

47

2.23

0.92

140

-3.45

63.9

.06

Suicidal ideation, attempt, or completion

2.75

1.13

90

2.08

0.85

97

-4.57

165.5

.10

Severe mental health episode

2.73

1.12

75

2.18

0.94

112

-3.58

185.0

.06

Death of a loved one

2.60

1.10

117

2.06

0.87

70

-3.50

185.0

.06

Eating disorder

2.97

1.24

37

2.26

0.95

150

-3.25

46.9

.05

Trauma type
INT scale

NAMEX scale

NAMIN scale

AVD scale
Suicidal ideation, attempt, or completion
STRAS scale

Note. p < .003 (Bonferroni adjustment)

DISCUSSION
Despite warnings that their paraprofessional
counseling and intervention may negatively
impact RAs' well-being (Lynch, 2017; Owens,
2011; Sorenson, 2018; Stoner, 2017), there is a

dearth of empirical investigation that explores
how trauma support and intervention is related
to RA development of secondary traumatic
stress. Through this investigation I sought to
better understand how RA work environment
factors related to self-reported symptoms of

V O L U M E 4 6 , NO. 1 * 2 0 1 9

71



The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1

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