The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1 - 81

USING THE SOCIAL CHANGE MODEL OF LEADERSHIP
DEVELOPMENT as a way to measure leadership abilities
in resident assistants (RAs), this study investigated RAs'
demonstration of the seven values-consciousness of self,
congruence, commitment, collaboration, common purpose,
controversy with civility, and citizenship-associated with
this model. These values are all focused on social change
and are grouped in three categories: individual, group,
and community values. RAs were compared to other
student leaders (OSLs) of similar levels of responsibility to
determine if these characteristics were unique to RAs. In
addition, the study was meant to determine if these values
could predict if a student leader was serving as an RA or
an OSL. Citizenship was the only value, of the seven, that
predicted a student leader serving as an RA rather than an
OSL. When controlling for pre-college factors, RAs did not
score significantly higher than the other leaders for any of
the seven values. Residence life educators are encouraged
to review current practices, such as RA training, and
incorporate the seven values of the Social Change Model
of Leadership Development to enhance development in RA
leadership outcomes.

RAs are the
lynchpin to
creating safe
and healthy
communities
among their peers
in residential
environments, and
peer leadership,
such as serving as
an RA, has been
a longstanding
educational

The importance of the resident assistant (RA) position has only increased as the national discourse has focused more and more on
safety, sexual assault, and student well-being. According to NASPAStudent Affairs Administrators in Higher Education President Kevin
Kruger, well-trained community leaders such as RAs are a definite
advantage to higher education institutions (Papandrea, 2015). As
peer leaders, RAs are the first to be aware of struggling students
and are able to refer these students to appropriate resources. RAs
are the lynchpin to creating safe and healthy communities among
their peers in residential environments, and peer leadership, such
as serving as an RA, has been a longstanding educational practice in
higher education (Astin, 1993; Dugan & Komives, 2010).

practice in higher
education.

Although RA responsibilities can vary from campus to campus,
these student leaders are typically required to fill five roles: student,
V O L U M E 4 6 , NO. 1 * 2 0 1 9

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The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1

Contents
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1 - Intro
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 1 - Cover1
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