The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 2 - 90

Marvin Beamer

versus the littleness of the individual.
Communication among students and faculty
or staff have become difficult, so that mutual
understanding and appreciation are objectives
that must be worked for.11
Interesting comments on the future of group
living situations have been made by several
authors in the field of student personnel.
"Group living will be identified as part of the
curriculum and used in teaching human behavior, development, and relationships."11 No
longer will the signed residence hall contract
mean only a desk, bed, chair, and closet. "An
on-campus housing assignment will mean in
effect registering for an action course based on
everyday living experiences."11 Riker is so sure
this is the right approach that he flatly states
that colleges cannot afford not to have educationally oriented housing in their future blueprints, accomplished by new construction or
appropriate renovation.

The only contact some students
have with the administration may
be the cold soup at lunch or the
trash chute that never seems to be
open-with negative feelings elicited
that dehumanize the environment.

The mechanical aspects of building a residence hall are taken more into account when
considering the group-living concept:

90

Four Notions of Community

By manipulating such physical features as
circulation routes, patterns of adjacency, sizes
of room clusters, and the like, residence halls
will be organized to give students varying
degrees of autonomy and sociability so that
loners will no longer be forced into total
togetherness or the gregarious, into splendid
solitude.3

IDENTITY
The questions "Who am I?" and "What will I
do with my life?" are typical of thoughts that
occur when personal identity lacks adequate
definition. Scholarly research is contributing steadily to that which can be quantified in
learning about the human organism in all its
activities. Why do these questions persist? One
observer (Kavanaugh) sees the changed family
structure as an unsettling influence. "Crashed
or crashing marriages at home intensify the
student-identity crisis."6
Increased aloofness and quest for instant
superficial friendships scar the structure of the
Greek system, faculty-student relationships,
and heterosexual development. A need is seen
to organize students into comprehensive living
communities "where the individual counts as a
person . . . problems of anonymity and loneliness will be reduced and learning wilt be stimulated."11 Further, according to a National Student
Association report, there is a shift in emphasis
"from big group activities and all-college extravaganzas to the smaller occasion and functions
where personal identity is possible."9

VALUES
"You [college-age people] are the most moral
generation in the entire history of the world."4
Social activist Dick Gregory's broad generaliza-

THE JOURNAL OF COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY STUDENT HOUSING

Values are set only as a result of
reality testing: reality testing is
possible only through contact with
others.

tion is interpreted to mean that young adults
act for the good of society rather than personal
aggrandizement.
Values are set only as a result of reality
testing: reality testing is possible only through
contact with others. Thus, "Sustained encounters with persons different from oneself also
foster the development of integrity: the gradual
achievement of a set of personal values and
of patterns of behavior congruent with these
values."2
In another future-tense reference, Yamamoto predicts that there will be a challenge
thrown to both students and faculty to maintain a viable community where youth can study
their relationships, personal and interpersonal, "where generations can share certain 'core
values' so broad, general, and basic that they
can remain relevant despite a radically transformed human and social world."17
A recent report addresses itself to the topic
of values in relation to student activism. It has
been seen that during the past year, the loud
cry for change, the urge to overthrow the Establishment, has changed.
What concerns these students are the value
structures that underlie the system. Thus they
are in a period of observing events closely and
trying to sort out their meaning in terms of
values.16

Disappointingly, other students seem to have
given up in their quest to make the university
more responsive to their needs. "Their real
concern is in experimenting to establish their
own value structures . . . College has nothing
to say to them in their search for values."16
This pessimistic note is sounded because the
implied alienation of student from university
will result in administrators being allowed to
show lack of response to the need for legitimate change.

DEVELOPMENTAL
SOCIALIZATION
In a comprehensive student survey of 2,000
college seniors, the startling result was that
college students admit that they "talk out of
both sides of their mouth"; that is, they denounce many social ills but are frank in saying
that they will probably perpetuate them in their
own lifestyle:
. . . their privatism ethic is ambiguous in all its
implications. While it tends to be self-centered
and anti-institutional . . . it develops in many
cases an acute sensitivity to others and a
determination to conduct their own lives so
as to contribute personally to their ideal of a
decent society.5
Segal suggests that the type of residence inhabited during the college years will markedly
affect development. The setting chosen will
provide the environmental context for testing
development patterns that lead to some level of
maturity greater than that attained at any previous time. Residence halls are singled out as an
example of the best middle-class adult thinking, Unflatteringly, it suggests those activities
performed by a surrogate parent. A gradual
move from dependence to independence is
V O L U M E 4 6 , NO. 2 * 2 0 2 0

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The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 2

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 2

Contents
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 2 - Intro
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