The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 3 - 30

David J. Nguyen, Jodi L. Linley, Michael R. Woodford, Kristen A. Renn

alization, including microaggressions such
as hearing "that's so gay" or "no homo," that
negatively affect academic and social outcomes
for LGBTQ+ students (Fine, 2012; Mathies et
al., 2019; Winberg et al., 2019; Woodford &
Kulick, 2015; Woodford, Kulick et al., 2018).
Garvey, Chang, Nicolazzo, and Jackson (2018)
discussed gender-inclusive housing policies
as institutional strategies to broaden inclusion of students from all genders in university housing. These institutional policies also
function symbolically to support and affirm
LGBTQ+ students who seek evidence that their
campus values and supports them (Nicolazzo
& Marine, 2015; Pitcher et al., 2018).

Out of the nearly 5,000 degree

Higher education institutions continue
to face financially austere conditions and accountability demands from federal and state
policymakers (Kelchen, 2018). Financially supporting identity-centric student services such
as LGBTQ+ centers can be an institutional
challenge (Fine, 2012), especially as institutions face financial divestment from state legislatures (Li, 2017). Creating and implementing
antidiscrimination campus and housing policies requires minimal financial support that
renders institutional policymaking a cost-effective strategy for supporting LGBTQ+ students.
However, out of the nearly 5,000 degree granting institutions of higher education in the
United States, around 20% have nondiscrimination policies for gender identity/expression
(Campus Pride, 2019); fewer than 13% prohibit
discrimination based on sexual orientation;
and only about 6% include explicit protections
for transgender people (Windmeyer, 2016).

transgender people (Windmeyer,

Institutional policies are slow to adapt to
changing student demography, particularly for
LGBTQ+ students (Campus Pride, 2019; Krum,
30

granting institutions of higher
education in the United States,
around 20% have nondiscrimination
policies for gender identity/
expression (Campus Pride,
2019); fewer than 13% prohibit
discrimination based on sexual
orientation; and only about 6%
include explicit protections for
2016).

Davis, & Galupo, 2013; Linley & Kilgo, 2018).
For example, Campus Pride (2019) reported that
only 28 higher education institutions provide
an option for students to indicate sexuality and/
or gender identity beyond a binary on their admission applications. Despite this low number,
LGBTQ+ students are gaining more visibility
on college campuses, yet institutions are slow to
change to better support them. Within university housing, the ACUHO-I Standards and Ethical
Principles for College and University Housing
Professionals (2014) recommended institutions
"create gender-neutral specific housing where
feasible" (p.14). The number of institutions
with gender-inclusive housing incrementally
increased from 153 in 2013 to 199 in 2015 and
to 268 in 2019 (Campus Pride, 2019; Marine
& Nicolazzo, 2014; Taub, Johnson, & Reynolds,
2016). Taub et al. (2016) found that while many

THE JOURNAL OF COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY STUDENT HOUSING



The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 3

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 3

Contents
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 3 - Intro
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 3 - Cover1
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