The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 3 - 39

Exploring LGBTQ+ Students' Awareness of Housing and Antidiscrimination Policies Across Institutional Type

While some campuses have
antidiscrimination policies in place
to protect students marginalized
on the basis of gender and/or
sexual orientation, other affirming
institutional policies such as
LGBTQ+ housing are needed to more
fully support LGBTQ+ students and
their lives on campus.

campus leaders to promote the availability of
these policy types and for institutions lacking
policies to consider creating policies to reduce
the marginalization many LGBTQ+ students
face on their campuses.	
The second finding shows that fewer than
one-half of participants (n=457) indicated that
they knew their campuses had antidiscrimination policies addressing gender identity/expression, with significantly fewer participants
attending Associate's schools reporting awareness compared to the other institutions. This
finding is concerning given evidence suggesting that antidiscrimination policies inclusive
of sexual orientation and gender identity, compared to those enumerating only sexual orientation, can foster more inclusive environments
for LGBQ students (Woodford, Kulick et al.,
2018). This finding is particularly concerning
for campus housing professionals as students
often perceive housing as steeped in genderism
and perpetuating gendered spaces on campus
(Bilodeau, 2009; Nicolazzo, 2016, 2017; Wil-

loughby et al., 2012; Woodford et al., 2017). Students at institutions without gender identity/
expression antidiscrimination policies lack a
policy recourse when advocating for genderinclusive housing, for example, or for the right
to choose a roommate regardless of gender.
The third finding adds to the conversation about the availability of LGBTQ+ housing
policies. In particular, these findings are consistent with prior literature suggesting few
campuses have taken up this practice (Garvey
et al., 2018; Krum et al., 2013; Taub et al., 2016;
Willoughby et al., 2012). Across institutional
types, participants from Doctoral degree granting institutions (33.6%) indicated that their
schools had LGBTQ+ housing policies and
about one-quarter of students at Bachelor's
(26.0%) and Master's (26.8%) indicated so.
These findings suggest that a large majority
of four-year institutions lack LGBTQ+ inclusive housing policies. These are institutions
in which many students, especially first-year
students, live in residence indicating an opportunity for improving campus climate through
non-discriminatory practices. Associate's
degree granting institutions had the fewest
responses indicating that a LGBTQ+ housing
policy existed. Again, this finding is not surprising since many Associate's degree granting institutions do not offer campus housing,
and therefore do not need a policy in place to
address housing for LGBTQ+ individuals.

IMPLICATIONS
This study has implications for campus and
housing practice. Institutions, regardless of
type, should implement campus-wide antidiscrimination policies for sexual orientation and
gender identity/expression, publicize these
V O L U M E 4 6 , NO. 3 * 2 0 2 0

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The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 3

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 3

Contents
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 3 - Intro
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