The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 3 - 47

THE DIFFICULTIES THAT LESBIAN, GAY, BISEXUAL, AND/
OR QUEER (LGBQ) students face on college campuses often
keeps them from feeling safe. This lack of safety hinders
them from resolving higher level needs, including a sense
of belonging. A specific challenge for LGBQ students which
has been linked to negative outcomes is the consistent
exposure to heterosexism, such as microaggressions.
Microaggressions targeting LGBQ students' sexual
identities can hinder both their overall and sexual identity
development. The purpose of this study was to determine
the relationship between the perception of being targeted
by sexual orientation microaggressions in the residential
environment, sense of belonging, and individual sexual
identity among LGBQ students. Findings highlight the role
of interpersonal and environmental microaggressions as
negative predictors of sense of belonging. Additionally, in
the current study sexual identity development was found
not to moderate the relationship between microaggressions
and sense of belonging. This study adds to the scholarship
on these topics and overviews a connection between
microaggressions and student outcomes, namely sense
of belonging. Considering these findings along with
recommendations for practice and research, institutions and
scholars alike can help cultivate environments where all
students, including those who identify as LGBQ, belong.

Microaggressions
targeting LGBQ
students' sexual
identities can
hinder both
their overall and
sexual identity
development.

Many scholars examined the difficulties that lesbian, gay, bisexual,
and/or queer (LGBQ) students face on college campuses (Bowen &
Bourgeois, 2001; Nadal, 2013; Platt & Lenzen, 2013; Rankin, Weber,
Blumenfeld, & Frazer, 2010; Wright & Wegner, 2012). Rankin et
al. (2010) highlighted a previous nationwide study that found that
among underrepresented groups, "the climate was 'least accepting' of people who are LGBT" (p. 30). To thrive academically and
developmentally, students need to feel safe, physically and psychologically (Maslow, 1943; Rankin et al., 2010; Strayhorn, 2012; Sue,
2010a, 2010b). Even the perception of an accepting environment
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The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 3

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 3

Contents
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 3 - Intro
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 3 - Cover1
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