The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 3 - 80

Allison BrckaLorenz, Kyle T. Fassett, Sarah S. Hurtado

Students with multiple oppressed identities
often face more barriers by having to integrate
into various communities (Harley, Nowak,
Gassaway, & Savage, 2002). While 16% of
college students identify as GLB and 10% of
students are suspected to have a disability,
there is little known about the overlap of the
two populations because researchers often
categorize students by only one marginalized
identity (Henry, Fuerth, & Figliozzi, 2010). The
experiences of students within this intersection are deserving of study because they face
both overt and covert discrimination on college
campuses (Harley et al., 2002). (Note: In this
study we use the term LGBQ+ but have used
the original terminology of other researchers
when discussing their work including GLB,
LGB, LGBQ, LGBTQ, etc.)
Complex large-scale quantitative studies
are vital for continuing to research small populations with interrelated variables like sexual
identity and ability (Garvey, Sanders, & Flint,
2017; Renn, 2010), but many research reports
on LGBQ+ students are over a decade old and
need to be revisited (Longerbeam, Inkelas,
Johnson, & Lee, 2007; Rankin, 2005). As
such, we use data collected from the National
Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) to
guide this comparative study of LGBQ+ students with disabilities who live on campus,
specifically their experiences with belonging
and discrimination. Student development
theory aids in this exploration through the
use of the Model of Multiple Dimensions of
Identity (Jones & McEwen, 2000) to guide
housing and residence life practitioners on
how to best support students. By examining
the experiences of students in the intersections of sexual and ability identities, more
specifically the experiences of students who
80

identify as LGBQ+ and without disabilities,
and students who identify as straight with or
without disabilities, we can hone in on our
purpose of highlighting the experiences of
LGBQ+ students with disabilities.

AN OVERVIEW OF LGBQ+ AND
STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES
Given higher education researchers' neglect
of the intersection of LGB individuals and
those with disabilities (Evans, Broido, Brown,
& Wilke, 2017) and the qualitative focus of
existing research (Henry et al., 2010; Miller,
2015, 2017), a quantitative study such as this
is needed. In this section, we outline existing
literature on LGBQ+ students, students with
disabilities, and their intersection, demonstrating the college student experience is complex
and navigating it with multiple marginalized
identities can ratchet adversity (BrckaLorenz,
Duran, Fassett, & Palmer, 2019).

LGBQ+ Students
Both on campus and within residence halls,
LGBQ students experienced overt and covert
discrimination and homophobia (Beemyn,
2003; Byers, 2013; Evans & Broido, 1999;
Vaccaro, 2012). LGBQ students were explicitly
bullied, expelled, and physically attacked due to
their sexual orientation both within residence
halls and on college campuses (Byers, 2013;
Dilley, 2002; Ott & Aoki, 2002). Strayhorn and
Mullins (2012) named residence hall structures and policies as spaces for perpetuating
heterosexism and social isolation for LGBQ
residents. In their study of Black gay men undergraduates (BGMU) in residence halls, they
found that heterosexual residents used policies
to make their BGMU residents uncomfortable
and that programming like dating games often

THE JOURNAL OF COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY STUDENT HOUSING



The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 3

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 3

Contents
The Journal of College and University Student Housing - Volume 46, No. 3 - Intro
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