Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 56

earliest LGBTQ groups, the
SHL group at Columbia had to
function as an "underground"
organization; many group
members used pseudonyms or
chose to remain anonymous, but
the university would not recognize
a student organization without
a membership list. Moreover,
the university refused to make
an exception in order to protect
gay students' privacy. Ultimately,
Stephen Donaldson, founder of the
Columbia SHL, recruited popular
student leaders on campus who
were willing to lend their names to
the membership so that the group
could gain official recognition
as a student organization. This
solution allowed SHL access to
university space and funding but
also retained the anonymity of gay
student members. Soon after SHL
was founded at Columbia, other
chapters were started at Cornell
University in Ithaca, New York, and
New York University.
There was some dissension
about the mission and purpose
of campus-based LGBTQ
student organizations: Were they
social groups or civil liberties
organizations? These groups
frequently served as a place to
find social support, friendship,
and romantic relationships, and
early groups often held their
meetings in secret and kept their
membership lists private. The need
for secrecy and discretion at times
conflicted with other members'
desire for SHL to be a political
organization. Early awareness
activities included National Gay
Blue Jean Day which started
at Rutgers University in New
Brunswick, New Jersey, in 1974.
The idea was to wear jeans to

56

TALKING STICK

communicate support for LGBTQ
rights. While popular throughout
the 1980s, this kind of awareness
campaign fell out of fashion by the
1990s. The HIV/AIDS crisis of the
1980s and 1990s led to increased
activism within the LGBTQ
community and on college and
university campuses. World AIDS
Day, National Coming Out Day,
and campus-based drag shows
were also introduced in the late
1980s and have become common
on many campuses.
Early efforts to create LGBTQ
student groups and to access
funding were regularly met with
resistance. At public universities,
students turned to the courts,
arguing that the institution was
violating their First Amendment
rights regarding freedom of speech
and assembly. In Gay Students
Organization of the University of
New Hampshire v. Bonner (1974),
the Gay Students Organization
(GSO) filed suit after the university
revoked their ability to hold
social functions on campus. Their
privileges were withdrawn after
the governor of the state criticized
the university for allowing the
GSO to host a dance. The courts
ruled that the new policy violated
students' freedom of association
and expression. However, this
case did not settle the issue
of LGBTQ students' rights to
organize. Other cases such as
Gay Lib v. University of Missouri
(1977) and Gay Activists Alliance
v. Board of Regents of University
of Oklahoma (1981) argued that
allowing students to organize
would encourage illegal activities
such as sodomy, which was a felony
under state laws. (The 2003 U.S.
Supreme Court decision Lawrence

v. Texas would invalidate remaining
state sodomy laws.) In the Gay Lib
v. University of Missouri case, the
appellate court concluded that
the university could not penalize
group members simply because it
disagreed with their views.
The courts have also stated
that denial of funding to student
organizations based on their
views is a clear violation of the
First Amendment. Cases such
as Gay and Lesbian Students
Association v. Gohn (1988),
Gay Lesbian Bisexual Alliance v.
Sessions (1996), and Gay Lesbian
Bisexual Alliance v. Pryor (1997)
questioned whether or not there
were constitutional justifications to
deny funding to LGBTQ student
organizations. For instance,
the chief judge's memorandum
opinion in the Gay Lesbian
Bisexual Alliance v. Sessions
case pointed out that the public
funds and facilities statute of the
Alabama Code (1975) prohibited
"any college or university from
spending public funds or using
facilities, directly or indirectly, to
sanction, recognize or support any
group that promotes a lifestyle
or actions prohibited by the
sodomy and sexual misconduct
laws" and prohibited "any group
from permitting or encouraging
its members or others to engage
in or provide materials on how to
engage in the lifestyle or actions."
Ultimately, the federal district
court ruled that the Alabama
statute was unconstitutional, as
it was "limited in application to
restricting only the viewpoint of
those who foster and promote
the prohibited 'lifestyle or
actions.' This is naked viewpoint
discrimination."



Talking Stick - May/June 2017

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Talking Stick - May/June 2017

Talking Stick - May/June 2017
Contents
Vision
Just In
Calendar
Your ACUHO-I
Transitions
Res Life
Facilities
Regroup
Conversations
First Takes
Around Student Affairs
New Members
Snapshot
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - Intro
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - BB1
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - BB2
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - Talking Stick - May/June 2017
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - Cover2
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 1
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 2
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 3
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - Contents
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 5
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 6
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 7
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - Vision
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 9
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - Just In
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 11
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 12
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 13
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 14
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 15
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 16
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 17
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - Calendar
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 19
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - Your ACUHO-I
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 21
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - Transitions
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 23
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - Res Life
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 25
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 26
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 27
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - Facilities
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 29
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 30
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 31
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - Regroup
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 33
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 34
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 35
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 36
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 37
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 38
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 39
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 40
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 41
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 42
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 43
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 44
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 45
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 46
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 47
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 48
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 49
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 50
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 51
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 52
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 53
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 54
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 55
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 56
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 57
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 58
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 59
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - Conversations
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 61
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 62
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 63
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - First Takes
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - Around Student Affairs
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 66
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 67
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 68
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 69
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - New Members
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - 71
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - Snapshot
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - Cover3
Talking Stick - May/June 2017 - Cover4
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