American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 43

pages 40-44_Layout 1 6/10/2020 4:34 PM Page 43

SpecialReport: Water Management

To help producers minimize
truck traffic and water disposal
volumes in areas without recycling infrastructure, Hydrozonix
reports it has developed an enclosed flare that uses produced
water to scrub emissions. The
heat generated by the gas combustion converts the water into
steam and returns it to the hydrologic cycle.

close valves remotely, but Patton says
the software automates routine tasks.
"With the dashboard, one of our operators went from needing a couple people at each recycling plant to running
all four with one person," Patton says.
"We have gotten enough positive feedback on the software that we are beginning to market it independently of our
other services."
Disposal Constraints
In the short term, many recycling
plants have shut down because of the
slowdown in fracturing activity, a reality
Patton says has strained disposal capacity
in many areas.
"One of the operators we work with
has 60,000 barrels of water coming out
of the ground but only 40,000 bbl/d of
disposal capacity. He could pay commercial disposal wells to take the water,
but that would mean going over budget,"
Patton relates. "Instead, the operator is
storing the water to prepare for completions in August and September."
Lengthy storage times may require
more aggressive treatment regimens and
extra aeration equipment, Patton cautions.
When storage is not possible, he says
operators are looking for ways to accelerate evaporation to lessen their dis-

posal needs, a trend he predicts will
continue even after hydraulic fracturing
activity recovers.
"There always will be produced water
in areas with limited disposal capacity or
too few completions for recycling to
make sense," Patton suggests. "Evaporation
lets operators reduce the amount of water
they need to transport while improving
their environmental profile by returning
that water to the hydrologic cycle."

To help address those situations, Hydrozonix has developed an evaporator
designed to use gas that otherwise would
be flared. "The gas is burned in an
enclosed combustor. Because it maintains
a consistent temperature, the combustor
destroys 99.99% of the hydrocarbons that
enter, far more than an open flare. In
tests, this cuts particulate matter and
sulfur oxide emissions in half."
The combustor uses produced water
to scrub the emissions, exposing it to
heat and turning it into steam, Patton
says. "That steam goes back into the
water cycle today, but we are testing
ways to use it for power generation or
condense it into freshwater," he reports.
The system is small enough it can be
moved from site to site as produced water
volumes change, Patton says. "We are
targeting the Permian because that is
where most of the industry's produced
water is, but the system also has drawn
strong interest in the Marcellus, where
volumes are much smaller, but disposal
costs are high," he comments.
Midstream Momentum
While many producers operate their
own water pipelines and recycling facilities, the percentage run by midstream
firms is growing, assesses H2O Midstream
CEO Jim Summers.
"The water midstream model's growth
resembles that of natural gas pipelines,
with producers gradually becoming more
willing to let third parties handle their
water," Summers says. "In shale plays'

By spreading the cost of water pipelines, recycling facilities and disposal wells across
several producers' volumes, H2O Midstream says midstream firms can invest in redundancies, automation equipment and other features that improve water infrastructure's
safety, efficiency and reliability.

JUNE 2020 43



American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020

Contents
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - Intro
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 1
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 2
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - Contents
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 4
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 5
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 6
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 7
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 8
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 9
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 10
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 11
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 12
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 13
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 14
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 15
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 16
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 17
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 18
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 19
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 20
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 21
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 22
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 23
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 24
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 25
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 26
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 27
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 28
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 29
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 30
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 31
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 32
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 33
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 34
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 35
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 36
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 37
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 38
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 39
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 40
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 41
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 42
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 43
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 44
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 45
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 46
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 47
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 48
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 49
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 50
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 51
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 52
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 53
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 54
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 55
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 56
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 57
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 58
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 59
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 60
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 61
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 62
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 63
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 64
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 65
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 66
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 67
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 68
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 69
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 70
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 71
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 72
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 73
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 74
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 75
American Oil and Gas Reporter - June 2020 - 76
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201812
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201811
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/pbios_201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201809
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201808
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201807
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201806
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201805
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201803
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201802
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201801
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201712
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201711
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201710
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201709
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201707
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201706
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201705
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201704
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201703
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201702
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201701
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201612
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201611
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201610
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/pbios2016_programguide
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201609
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201608
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201606
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201605
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201604
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201603
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201602
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201601
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201512
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201511
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201510
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201509
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201508
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201507
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201505
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201504
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201503
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201502
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201501
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201412
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201411
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201410
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201409
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/pbios2014_programguide
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201408
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201407
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201406
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201405
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201404
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201403
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201402
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201401
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201312
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201311
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201310
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201309
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201308
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201307
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201306
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201305
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201303
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201302
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201301
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201212
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201211
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201210
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201209
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/2012_pbios
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201208
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201207
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201206
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201205
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201204
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201203
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201202
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201201
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/demo/aogr_clone
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201112
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com