American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 56

pages 45-58_Layout 1 2/16/2021 11:49 AM Page 56

SpecialReport: Operations America
regime that is not supportive of higher commodity prices and
will probably be good for certain segments of the oil and gas industry, but there will certainly be some disruption.
Globally, exploration has been down for a while now and I
do not see that changing anytime soon. At some point, the
pipeline of new domestic onshore projects, and even international,
are going to dry up. The world economy is going to say, " Where
do we get the barrels we need? " They won't be there. This is
going to be happen because the investments in capital, time and

effort, and technical expertise have not been happening.
Instead of investing in new exploration, companies have had
to focus on quarterly cash returns. Some companies have inventories to sustain their drilling programs for years without new
exploration, but the industry as a whole is going to need more
inventory to continue producing the oil and gas that is demanded
by the economy. Down the road there is going to be a need for
new resources, and those projects are not going to be there for
us as they have been in the past.

MATT MAYER
Product Owner
TGS
Matt Mayer is product owner at TGS in Houston, where he specializes in integrated
technical analysis of petrophysical, production, geological, geophysical and other types
of data. Before joining TGS in 2017 as a production data analyst, he served as a reservoir
engineer at Coastal Energy Company. Mayer holds a B.S. in petroleum engineering from
Texas A&M University and an MBA from the University of Houston.

Technologies Drive Data Enhancement

Q:

One of the hallmarks of shale plays is that
they are located within legacy basins with
histories of conventional development. Given all the
vintage data and the new data acquired from unconventional reservoir development, how can this universe
of information be analyzed to find new discoveries in
and around established basins? What types of data
and technical tools can optimize the drilling and development decision making process?

MAYER: Legacy basins are currently in the sweet spot of
where data enhancement can really drive decision making to
optimize development and growth. Newer processing techniques
using machine learning and artificial intelligence can make use
of these data-rich areas to enhance the often poorer quality of
legacy data and combine disparate datasets to create insights
and solutions.
The main thing missing from many contemporary machine
learning and AI applications that keep them from being more
widely trusted and adopted is a sufficiently large dataset to train
the models. This turns out to be a perfect match for legacy
basins, which have an overwhelming amount of data to train
and validate results using blind tests from held-back datapoints.
The exciting thing about these workflows is that each incremental
step forward is compounding. For example, upscaling logs to
56 THE AMERICAN OIL & GAS REPORTER

include five major curves across the entire well interval not
only makes that individual log more useful, but it also adds
more data as an input to create larger-scale interpretations.
In petrophysical and log analysis, machine learning has been
especially useful in upscaling legacy data quality. Missing log
tracks or depth intervals can be reliably filled in using multivariate
relational machine learning algorithms, which allows for better
characterization of rock properties and creates standardized and
complete datasets. Then, using a training dataset of geologistpicked tops, machine learning algorithms can be trained to efficiently
pick equivalent tops for thousands of wells across the basin. These
machine-learning-picked tops then can be used to create a unified
basin stratigraphic model, which supports higher-level interpretations
and analyses. Each step along the path creates new tools and
solutions to solve problems ranging in scale from individual wells
all the way up to conceptual understandings of a play.
Another area where machine learning has continued to
enhance decision making is in cross-disciplinary geological and
geophysical models. Seismic surveys always have been a highly
valued tool in evaluating plays for potential exploration and development, but generating insightful knowledge is a heavily resource-intensive task that may not be suited to answer all relevant
questions needed to make better development decisions. However,
recent case studies have shown solid evidence that combining
geophysical data with petrophysical data in a machine learning
model can create unique interpretive solutions.
Machine learning seismic inversion methods have been shown



American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021

Contents
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 1
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - Cover1
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - Cover2
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - Contents
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 4
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 5
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 6
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 7
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 8
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 9
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 10
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 11
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 12
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 13
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 14
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 15
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 16
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 17
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 18
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 19
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 20
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 21
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 22
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 23
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 24
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 25
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 26
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 27
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 28
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 29
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 30
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 31
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 32
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 33
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 34
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 35
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 36
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 37
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 38
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 39
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 40
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 41
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 42
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 43
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 44
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 45
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 46
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 47
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 48
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 49
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 50
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 51
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 52
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 53
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 54
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 55
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 56
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 57
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 58
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 59
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 60
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 61
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 62
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 63
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 64
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 65
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 66
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 67
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 68
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 69
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 70
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 71
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 72
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 73
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 74
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 75
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 76
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 77
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 78
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 79
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 80
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 81
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 82
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 83
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 84
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 85
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 86
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 87
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 88
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 89
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - 90
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - Cover3
American Oil and Gas Reporter - February 2021 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/202001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201812
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201811
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/pbios_201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201809
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201808
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201807
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201806
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201805
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201803
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201802
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201801
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201712
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201711
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201710
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201709
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201707
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201706
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201705
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201704
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201703
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201702
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201701
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201612
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201611
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201610
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/pbios2016_programguide
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201609
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201608
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201606
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201605
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201604
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201603
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201602
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201601
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201512
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201511
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201510
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201509
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201508
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201507
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201505
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201504
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201503
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201502
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201501
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201412
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201411
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201410
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201409
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/pbios2014_programguide
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201408
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201407
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201406
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201405
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201404
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201403
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201402
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201401
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201312
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201311
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201310
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201309
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201308
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201307
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201306
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201305
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201303
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201302
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201301
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201212
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201211
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201210
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201209
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/2012_pbios
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201208
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201207
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201206
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201205
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201204
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201203
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201202
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201201
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/demo/aogr_clone
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201112
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com