American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2021 - 23

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Contrasting Approaches
To Climate Legislation
Materializing In Congress
With Democrats controlling the House, Senate and White
House while climate issues occupy the forefront of their agenda,
the House Energy and Commerce (E&C) Committee is more
important than ever in Washington. Democrats and Republicans
on the committee have both introduced ideas on how to reduce
emissions and operate more " cleanly. "
On March 2, E&C Chairman Representative Frank Pallone, DN.J., Environment and Climate Change Subcommittee Chairman
Representative Paul Tonko, D-N.Y., and Energy Subcommittee
Chairman Representative Bobby L. Rush, D.-Il., introduced the
Climate Leadership and Environmental Action for our Nation's
(CLEAN) Future Act. The committee's Democratic leaders describe
the 981-page bill as " ambitious new climate legislation that
ensures the United States acts aggressively to tackle the climate
crisis this decade and achieve net zero greenhouse gas pollution. "
The legislation sets two national GHG emissions targets, which
are a 50% reduction in GHG emissions from 2005 levels by 2030,
and a 100% clean economy with net zero GHG pollution by 2050.
It aims to meet those targets by " deploying clean energy, rebuilding
and modernizing our infrastructure, investing in sustainability and
resiliency, and supporting the transition to a clean economy-with
significant funding for workers and communities that have
historically borne a disproportionate pollution burden. "
The CLEAN Future Act includes several new requirements
directly affecting oil and natural gas production, many of which
have no relationship to GHG emissions. The proposal:
· Creates a new underground injection category for enhanced
oil recovery wells using carbon dioxide, thereby removing
these wells from Class II regulations and setting CO2 sequestration
targets for enhanced oil recovery wells;
· Expands the Safe Drinking Water Act to include direct regulation of hydraulic fracturing and requires mandatory, ongoing
testing of nearby underground sources of drinking water;
· Repeals the aggregation prohibition in the Clean Air Act
hazardous pollutants title for oil and gas wells and classifies hydrogen sulfide as a hazardous air pollutant;
· Adds drilling fluids and produced water to the hazardous
waste subtitle of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act,
while also subjecting nonhazardous oil and gas production
wastes to new federal requirements;
· Targets methane emissions from oil and natural gas
facilities for a 65% cut by 2025 and a 90% drop by 2030,
applying the regulations to new and existing facilities under
stricter timetables than current law;
· Requires EPA to eliminate routine natural gas flaring.
Two weeks later, E&C Republicans introduced the Securing
Cleaner American Energy Agenda. At the helm of this agenda
is Representative Cathy McMorris Rogers, R-Wa., former Republican Conference Chairman and the committee's GOP leader.
She and her colleagues tout their legislative package as a way
to secure America's energy future and global competitive edge
with a focus on " real, workable solutions to make energy
cleaner, reduce emissions, prioritize energy security and keep

"

At this point, it is difficult to predict the
prospects of success for either party's 'clean'
legislation. When Democrats compromise
with Republicans, they frequently lose
support from their most progressive flank.

"

energy costs low. " The agenda promotes an all-the-above energy
strategy, and prioritizes energy infrastructure.
According to the bill's backers, it aims to protect jobs,
reliability and America's national security while addressing
climate change and spurring the development of clean technologies
without the mandates, regulations and government spending
sought by President Biden and his Democratic colleagues.
The Securing Cleaner American Energy Act includes provisions that:
· Prohibit hydraulic fracturing bans;
· Aim to reduce methane emissions from flaring and venting
natural gas during oil and gas production activities;
· Recognize states as primary oil and natural gas regulators;
· Promote the development of innovative carbon capture,
utilization and storage projects through the U.S. Department of
Energy loan guarantee program;
· Authorize the Keystone XL pipeline;
· Remove barriers for cross-border pipeline permits;
· Streamline the natural gas pipeline permitting process at
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission; and
· Facilitate natural gas imports and exports.
Together, the bills illustrate two contrasting approaches.
Thanks to their control of the committee schedule and oversight,
Democrats already have held multiple hearings on the CLEAN
Future Act, one with an industrial focus, the other on electricity.
It remains difficult to predict the prospects for either proposal.
When Democrats compromise with Republicans, they frequently
lose support from their progressive flank. And despite some
Democratic support for specific pieces of energy legislation,
few members are jumping to vocally support the opposing
side's energy agenda.
IPAA continues to work with allies to educate members on
the merits of both bills, and their impact on independent
producers. Anyone interested in learning more the bills are encouraged to reach out to IPAA's government relations team. ❒

JENNIFER PETT MARSTELLER

is senior director of public affairs
and communications for the Independent Petroleum Association of
America, and works closely with
IPAA's team to craft material on
issues affecting oil and gas producers. Prior to joining IPAA,
Pett served on the staff of Congressman Lamar Smith, R-Tx.
APRIL 2021 23



American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2021

Contents
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2021 - Intro
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2021 - Cover1
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2021 - Cover2
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2021 - Contents
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2021 - 4
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2021 - 5
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2021 - 6
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2021 - 7
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2021 - 8
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2021 - 9
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American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2021 - Cover3
American Oil and Gas Reporter - April 2021 - Cover4
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