PBIOS - October 2021 - 141

FIGURE 3
Monthly U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Gross Exports and Imports
(Jan 2000-Dec 2022)
14
12
10
8
6
2
4
2000
2005
2010
2015
2020
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO)
STEO
forecast
LNG export capacity and expanded its
LNG export destinations.
" We expect U.S. imports of natural gas
by pipeline and as LNG, combined, to increase
by 6% compared with 2020, averaging
7.4 Bcf/d in 2021, before declining to 6.9
Bcf/d in 2022, " EIA projects (Figure 3).
imports
exports
" Almost all U.S. natural gas imports enter
the United States from Canada into midwestern
and western demand markets. U.S.
pipeline imports previously had been declining
annually since 2008. However, we
expect pipeline imports of natural gas to
increase in 2021 because of relatively flat
U.S. dry natural gas production and slightly
higher U.S. natural gas consumption. "
Meanwhile, EIA says, exports by
pipeline-almost all of which are sent to
Mexico-began exceeding gross pipeline
imports on an annual basis in 2019. ❒
Associated Gas Output Fell In 2020
WASHINGTON-In 2020, annual production
of associated-dissolved natural
gas produced from oil wells declined in
the combined five major U.S. onshore
crude oil-producing regions for the first
time since 2016, the U.S. Energy Information
Administration reports (Figure 1).
According to EIA, the share of associated
gas produced in the Permian, Bakken,
Eagle Ford, Niobrara and Anadarko regions
slipped 1.5% year over year and averaged
37.7% of those regions' natural gas output.
Associated gas production averaged 14.2
billion cubic feet a day in 2020, a 4.1%
decline from 2019, amid a 9.2% drop in
the regions' oil production.
Until 2020, the share of associated
FIGURE 1
Natural Gas Production by Type in U.S. Crude Oil Production Regions (2006-2020)
40
35
30
25
20
10
15
5
2006
2008
2010
2012
2014
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on Enverus Drillinginfo data
OCTOBER PBIOS 2021 141
2016
2018
2020
50%
gas in these five regions-along with oil
production-had been climbing, the administration
observes. It goes on to note
that between 2016 and 2019, associated
gas production grew at an unprecedented
speed (increasing 6.1 Bcf across those
three years) thanks to high levels of new
crude oil production. But in 2020, it observes,
production of both crude oil and
associated gas declined as responses to
COVID-19 decreased crude demand.
According to EIA, the Permian region
yielded 50% of total U.S. associated gas
in 2020. Only the Permian region increased
its production of both crude oil and associated
gas in 2020, but these increases
did not offset declines in both crude oil
and associated gas production in the other
four regions. The administration attributes
some of the Permian's increase in associated
gas production to expansions in
natural gas takeaway capacity.
EIA mentions that high associated gas
production influenced output of natural
gas liquids such as ethane, propane,
normal butane, isobutane and natural
gasoline. Despite the 2020 decline in associated
gas, years of rising associated
gas production led to record high volumes
of NGL production in 2020, driven by
high ethane demand. Ethane consumption
has been growing steadily both domestically
and through exports since 2014,
EIA concludes.
❒
40%
30%
associated gas
20%
natural gas
(nonassociated gas)
10%
0%
percentage associated gas
billion cubic feet a day
billion cubic feet a day

PBIOS - October 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of PBIOS - October 2021

Table Of Contents
PBIOS - October 2021 - Intro
PBIOS - October 2021 - Cover1
PBIOS - October 2021 - Cover2
PBIOS - October 2021 - 3
PBIOS - October 2021 - Table Of Contents
PBIOS - October 2021 - 5
PBIOS - October 2021 - 6
PBIOS - October 2021 - 7
PBIOS - October 2021 - 8
PBIOS - October 2021 - 9
PBIOS - October 2021 - 10
PBIOS - October 2021 - 11
PBIOS - October 2021 - 12
PBIOS - October 2021 - 13
PBIOS - October 2021 - 14
PBIOS - October 2021 - 15
PBIOS - October 2021 - 16
PBIOS - October 2021 - 17
PBIOS - October 2021 - 18
PBIOS - October 2021 - 18A
PBIOS - October 2021 - 18B
PBIOS - October 2021 - 18C
PBIOS - October 2021 - 18D
PBIOS - October 2021 - 18E
PBIOS - October 2021 - 18F
PBIOS - October 2021 - 19
PBIOS - October 2021 - 20
PBIOS - October 2021 - 21
PBIOS - October 2021 - 22
PBIOS - October 2021 - 23
PBIOS - October 2021 - 24
PBIOS - October 2021 - 25
PBIOS - October 2021 - 26
PBIOS - October 2021 - 27
PBIOS - October 2021 - 28
PBIOS - October 2021 - 29
PBIOS - October 2021 - 30
PBIOS - October 2021 - 31
PBIOS - October 2021 - 32
PBIOS - October 2021 - 33
PBIOS - October 2021 - 34
PBIOS - October 2021 - 35
PBIOS - October 2021 - 36
PBIOS - October 2021 - 37
PBIOS - October 2021 - 38
PBIOS - October 2021 - 39
PBIOS - October 2021 - 40
PBIOS - October 2021 - 41
PBIOS - October 2021 - 42
PBIOS - October 2021 - 43
PBIOS - October 2021 - 44
PBIOS - October 2021 - 45
PBIOS - October 2021 - 46
PBIOS - October 2021 - 47
PBIOS - October 2021 - 48
PBIOS - October 2021 - 49
PBIOS - October 2021 - 50
PBIOS - October 2021 - 51
PBIOS - October 2021 - 52
PBIOS - October 2021 - 53
PBIOS - October 2021 - 54
PBIOS - October 2021 - 55
PBIOS - October 2021 - 56
PBIOS - October 2021 - 57
PBIOS - October 2021 - 58
PBIOS - October 2021 - 59
PBIOS - October 2021 - 60
PBIOS - October 2021 - 61
PBIOS - October 2021 - 62
PBIOS - October 2021 - 63
PBIOS - October 2021 - 64
PBIOS - October 2021 - 65
PBIOS - October 2021 - 66
PBIOS - October 2021 - 67
PBIOS - October 2021 - 68
PBIOS - October 2021 - 69
PBIOS - October 2021 - 70
PBIOS - October 2021 - 71
PBIOS - October 2021 - 72
PBIOS - October 2021 - 73
PBIOS - October 2021 - 74
PBIOS - October 2021 - 75
PBIOS - October 2021 - 76
PBIOS - October 2021 - 77
PBIOS - October 2021 - 78
PBIOS - October 2021 - 79
PBIOS - October 2021 - 80
PBIOS - October 2021 - 81
PBIOS - October 2021 - 82
PBIOS - October 2021 - 83
PBIOS - October 2021 - 84
PBIOS - October 2021 - 85
PBIOS - October 2021 - 86
PBIOS - October 2021 - 87
PBIOS - October 2021 - 88
PBIOS - October 2021 - 89
PBIOS - October 2021 - 90
PBIOS - October 2021 - 91
PBIOS - October 2021 - 92
PBIOS - October 2021 - 93
PBIOS - October 2021 - 94
PBIOS - October 2021 - 95
PBIOS - October 2021 - 96
PBIOS - October 2021 - 97
PBIOS - October 2021 - 98
PBIOS - October 2021 - 99
PBIOS - October 2021 - 100
PBIOS - October 2021 - 101
PBIOS - October 2021 - 102
PBIOS - October 2021 - 103
PBIOS - October 2021 - 104
PBIOS - October 2021 - 105
PBIOS - October 2021 - 106
PBIOS - October 2021 - 107
PBIOS - October 2021 - 108
PBIOS - October 2021 - 109
PBIOS - October 2021 - 110
PBIOS - October 2021 - 111
PBIOS - October 2021 - 112
PBIOS - October 2021 - 113
PBIOS - October 2021 - 114
PBIOS - October 2021 - 115
PBIOS - October 2021 - 116
PBIOS - October 2021 - 117
PBIOS - October 2021 - 118
PBIOS - October 2021 - 119
PBIOS - October 2021 - 120
PBIOS - October 2021 - 121
PBIOS - October 2021 - 122
PBIOS - October 2021 - 123
PBIOS - October 2021 - 124
PBIOS - October 2021 - 125
PBIOS - October 2021 - 126
PBIOS - October 2021 - 127
PBIOS - October 2021 - 128
PBIOS - October 2021 - 129
PBIOS - October 2021 - 130
PBIOS - October 2021 - 131
PBIOS - October 2021 - 132
PBIOS - October 2021 - 133
PBIOS - October 2021 - 134
PBIOS - October 2021 - 135
PBIOS - October 2021 - 136
PBIOS - October 2021 - 137
PBIOS - October 2021 - 138
PBIOS - October 2021 - 139
PBIOS - October 2021 - 140
PBIOS - October 2021 - 141
PBIOS - October 2021 - 142
PBIOS - October 2021 - 143
PBIOS - October 2021 - 144
PBIOS - October 2021 - 145
PBIOS - October 2021 - 146
PBIOS - October 2021 - 147
PBIOS - October 2021 - 148
PBIOS - October 2021 - 149
PBIOS - October 2021 - 150
PBIOS - October 2021 - 151
PBIOS - October 2021 - 152
PBIOS - October 2021 - 153
PBIOS - October 2021 - 154
PBIOS - October 2021 - 155
PBIOS - October 2021 - 156
PBIOS - October 2021 - 157
PBIOS - October 2021 - 158
PBIOS - October 2021 - 159
PBIOS - October 2021 - 160
PBIOS - October 2021 - 161
PBIOS - October 2021 - 162
PBIOS - October 2021 - Cover3
PBIOS - October 2021 - Cover4
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https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aogr/201602
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