Flight Training - March 2013 - 19

CHECKRIDE

By Bob Schmelzer

BUILDING SURVIVAL SKILLS

THE MANDATORY THREE HOURS OF BASIC INSTRUMENT MANEUVERS

T

he FAA requires a minimum of three hours of flight training
under actual or simulated instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) in preparation for the private pilot practical test.
This training is to include basic maneuvering and aircraft
control, navigation, communication skills, and radar services. That’s a
lot to learn in just three hours, spread over the course of a pilot’s primary training.
Considering that noninstrument-rated
private pilots cannot operate (legally)
in IMC, why does the FAA require any
instrument training for them in the first
place? The answer lies in the accident
statistics. Every year, accidental encounters with IMC continue to represent one
of the most lethal risks to private pilots.
This makes it critical that, beyond merely

learning basic instrument maneuvering
skills during initial training, students
understand how to effectively cope with
an accidental IMC encounter.
To ensure that those three hours
really do build the survival skills the FAA
intended them to provide, instructors
must take this training to a higher level.
This is no small task, but well worth the

extra effort to an otherwise ill-prepared
pilot who subsequently encounters IMC
without ever learning an escape procedure. There is a huge difference between
simply flying headings and altitudes
issued by a flight instructor while under
the hood, and doing it as the pilot in command during an IMC emergency. So, how
should we train?
First, be aware of the panic that usually accompanies the realization that you
are in way over your head. That panic
destroys a pilot’s ability to effectively
utilize the flight instruments while making a futile attempt to reestablish visual
contact with something, anything, out the
window. But the window is the last place

IX. BASIC INSTRUMENT MANEUVERS
Task A: Straight-and-level flight

altitudes in straight flight and turns.

Task D: Turns to headings

Objective: To determine that the applicant:

5. Levels off at the assigned altitude and

Objective: To determine that the applicant:

1. Exhibits satisfactory knowledge of the ele-

maintains that altitude, plus or minus 200 feet;

1. Exhibits satisfactory knowledge of the ele-

ments related to attitude instrument flying

maintains heading, plus or minus 20 degrees;

ments related to attitude instrument flying

during straight-and-level flight.

maintains airspeed, plus or minus 10 knots.

during turns to headings.

2. Maintains straight-and-level flight solely

2. Transitions to the level-turn attitude using

by reference to instruments using proper

Task C: Constant airspeed descents

proper instrument cross-check and interpreta-

instrument cross-check and interpretation, and

Objective: To determine that the applicant:

tion, and coordinated control application.

coordinated control application.

1. Exhibits satisfactory knowledge of the ele-

3. Demonstrates turns to headings solely by

3. Maintains altitude, plus or minus 200 feet;

ments related to attitude instrument flying

reference to instruments; maintains altitude,

heading, plus or minus 20 degrees; and air-

during constant airspeed descents.

plus or minus 200 feet; maintains a standard

speed, plus or minus 10 knots.

2. Establishes the descent configuration speci-

rate turn and rolls out on the assigned heading,

fied by the examiner.

plus or minus 10 degrees; maintains airspeed,

Task B: Constant airspeed climbs

3. Transitions to the descent pitch attitude and

plus or minus 10 knots.

Objective: To determine that the applicant:

power setting on an assigned heading using

1. Exhibits satisfactory knowledge of the ele-

proper instrument cross-check and interpreta-

Task E: Recovery from unusual flight attitudes

ments related to attitude instrument flying

tion, and coordinated control application.

Objective: To determine that the applicant:

during constant airspeed climbs.

4. Demonstrates descents solely by reference

1. Exhibits satisfactory knowledge of the ele-

2. Establishes the climb configuration specified

to instruments at a constant airspeed to spe-

ments related to attitude instrument flying

by the examiner.

cific altitudes in straight flight and turns.

during unusual attitudes.

3. Transitions to the climb pitch attitude and

5. Levels off at the assigned altitude and

2. Recognizes unusual flight attitudes solely by

power setting on an assigned heading using

maintains that altitude, plus or minus 200 feet;

reference to instruments; recovers promptly

proper instrument cross-check and interpreta-

maintains heading, plus or minus 20 degrees;

to a stabilized level flight attitude using proper

tion, and coordinated control application.

maintains airspeed, plus or minus 10 knots.

instrument cross-check and interpretation and

4. Demonstrates climbs solely by reference to

smooth, coordinated control application in the

instruments at a constant airspeed to specific

correct sequence.

MARCH 2013 FLIGHT TRAINING

/ 19



Flight Training - March 2013

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Flight Training - March 2013

Flight Training - March 2013
Contents
President’s Perspective
Right Seat
Letters
Not What It Appears
After the Checkride
How It Works
ASI News Action
Training Products
Since You Asked
Member Products Final Exam
Checkride
Flight Lesson
Flying Carpet
The "S" Word
Women With Wings
Problem Solver
Technique
Weather
Aviation's Glass Ceiling
Career Advisor
Tech Talk
Juggling the Airplane
The Known to the Unknown
You're Not Done Yet
Advertiser Index
Debrief
Flight Training - March 2013 - Flight Training - March 2013
Flight Training - March 2013 - Cover2
Flight Training - March 2013 - 1
Flight Training - March 2013 - Contents
Flight Training - March 2013 - 3
Flight Training - March 2013 - President’s Perspective
Flight Training - March 2013 - 5
Flight Training - March 2013 - Right Seat
Flight Training - March 2013 - 7
Flight Training - March 2013 - Letters
Flight Training - March 2013 - 9
Flight Training - March 2013 - Not What It Appears
Flight Training - March 2013 - 11
Flight Training - March 2013 - After the Checkride
Flight Training - March 2013 - How It Works
Flight Training - March 2013 - ASI News Action
Flight Training - March 2013 - Training Products
Flight Training - March 2013 - Since You Asked
Flight Training - March 2013 - 17
Flight Training - March 2013 - Member Products Final Exam
Flight Training - March 2013 - Checkride
Flight Training - March 2013 - 20
Flight Training - March 2013 - Flight Lesson
Flight Training - March 2013 - Flying Carpet
Flight Training - March 2013 - 23
Flight Training - March 2013 - The "S" Word
Flight Training - March 2013 - 25
Flight Training - March 2013 - 26
Flight Training - March 2013 - 27
Flight Training - March 2013 - Women With Wings
Flight Training - March 2013 - 29
Flight Training - March 2013 - 30
Flight Training - March 2013 - 31
Flight Training - March 2013 - 32
Flight Training - March 2013 - 33
Flight Training - March 2013 - Problem Solver
Flight Training - March 2013 - 35
Flight Training - March 2013 - 36
Flight Training - March 2013 - 37
Flight Training - March 2013 - Technique
Flight Training - March 2013 - 39
Flight Training - March 2013 - Weather
Flight Training - March 2013 - 41
Flight Training - March 2013 - 42
Flight Training - March 2013 - Aviation's Glass Ceiling
Flight Training - March 2013 - Career Advisor
Flight Training - March 2013 - 45
Flight Training - March 2013 - Tech Talk
Flight Training - March 2013 - Juggling the Airplane
Flight Training - March 2013 - The Known to the Unknown
Flight Training - March 2013 - You're Not Done Yet
Flight Training - March 2013 - 50
Flight Training - March 2013 - Advertiser Index
Flight Training - March 2013 - 52
Flight Training - March 2013 - 53
Flight Training - March 2013 - 54
Flight Training - March 2013 - 55
Flight Training - March 2013 - 56
Flight Training - March 2013 - 57
Flight Training - March 2013 - 58
Flight Training - March 2013 - 59
Flight Training - March 2013 - 60
Flight Training - March 2013 - 61
Flight Training - March 2013 - 62
Flight Training - March 2013 - 63
Flight Training - March 2013 - Debrief
Flight Training - March 2013 - Cover3
Flight Training - March 2013 - Cover4
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