Flight Training - August 2014 - 38

COMMON MISTAKES. There are a number of
common turn mistakes.
The roll-in is anticipated with aileron:
The pilot starts the aileron in a little early,
which induces a slight yaw opposite to the
direction of the turn. Ball is to the inside.
The rudder (assuming there is any) comes
in late.
Just as the bank angle is stabilized, the
ailerons often cross the neutral position
slightly, deflecting the inboard aileron down,
when it's not needed in a normal bank turn.
Since the ailerons are in a slightly out-of-turn
position, the rudder is pressured in the direction of the turn to keep the turn going, so the
ball is out of center opposite to the direction
of the turn: The airplane is slightly crosscontrolled (sometimes more than slightly).
The rollout is anticipated with the ailerons being deflected to begin leveling the
wings long before the nose has
completed the turn. If the rudder is
used, it usually comes in late.
You should be consciously watching
yourself make turns and see how many
items on the list are living in your
cockpit.
Pay special attention while
approaching for a landing because, as
speed goes down and angle of attack
goes up, adverse yaw also goes up-so
all of the foregoing effects become more
noticeable.
COMPARTMENTALIZING TURNS HELPS.

The easiest way to clean up our turns is to
view them in a compartmentalized fashion,
where the turn is broken into three parts,
with the borders between being very
distinct.
As would be expected, the three parts
are the roll-in; the turn itself; and the
rollout. The important aspect of these
compartments is that the borders of each
are not to be violated.
For instance, as the roll-in happens,
rudder and aileron go in together in a
clean fashion. Where the roll-in becomes
the stabilized turn, the controls come out
together. The same thing applies to the
rollout: The pilot stays in a stabilized,
controls-centered bank until the aircraft is
almost exactly where it should be, then the
controls come out.
38 /

FLIGHTTRAINING.AOPA.ORG


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Flight Training - August 2014

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Flight Training - August 2014 - Contents
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