Flight Training - May 2021 - 47

PRACTICAL IFR

TIPS TO FLY BY
How to take your flying beyond the training

Training is a structured and controlled environment. Here are five tips to get beyond
training and build skills for instrument flying
in the real world.

FINALLY!
A CARD
FOR PILOTS.

1. Pick your route. In training you probably
made meticulous flight plans with airways and
departure and arrival procedures. But nothing
says you have to. You can file direct and accept
whatever ATC gives you, stick with the strict
plan, or settle on something in between. Pick
whichever method suits your planning style.

bility, currency, and more (airsafety
institute.org/ifrcontract). Its purpose is to
create a document that can be witnessed
and posted in your home, office, or anywhere it's easy for you to see and someone
you care about to read and monitor.
Ultimately, it's up to you to set the
personal minimums that you're comfortable with, keeping in mind one big
caveat. Personal minimums are in part an
acknowledgment that the weather will be
worse than forecast. So, if yours are 500-1,
you need to be prepared for approaches to
200 feet. Or if you've set them at 1,000-2,
keep in mind you'll need to be prepared for
approaches that don't necessarily end at
the final approach fix. Test the minimums
and you'll know what feels right for you.
From there you can make adjustments that
are more strict or more lenient.
By slowly building a foundation of
confidence and good practices, you'll
have what it takes to soon be launching
in weather you never before thought
possible. FT
ian.twombly@aopa.org

Get practical tips for IFR flying in the
AOPA Air Safety Institute's IFR Insights:
A Practical Approach online course.
airsafetyinstitute.org/
ifrinsightsapproach

2. Don't thread the needle. The tendency will
always be to fly the most direct route, even if
it requires threading through convection. Don't
do it. Avoid storms completely by flying around
them. In many cases it will only add a few
minutes to your trip.
3. Think outside-in. Situational awareness is
everything in instrument flying. Without the
benefit of seeing the ground you have to orient
yourself using electronic aids. Even with GPS,
the best way to learn this is considering your
position based on an outside-in reference. That
means placing yourself on an imaginary map and
knowing if you're north, south, east, or west of the
reference, rather than left or right (inside-out).
4. Ask questions. You don't want to sound
dumb on the radio. We get it. Seeking clarification doesn't sound dumb; it's a good strategy.
Ask ATC to spell waypoints you can't find, ask
for vectors to navigational aids you've just been
rerouted to, and ask for pilot weather reports
(pireps) of other airplanes that have flown the
approach before you. Listen to the radio at
major international hubs and you'll hear the
pros ask ATC for all kinds of information. Controllers are there as a resource, so use them.
5. Be nervous, but honest. Is that pit in your
stomach healthy nervousness or a warning?
Sometimes it can be hard to know. But if you're
current and proficient and the weather is within
your capability, use those nerves as a way to
stay sharp, not as an excuse to stay on the
ground (see " Always Learning: Good Stress, "
March/April 2021 Flight Training). All pilots
get nervous at various times in the clouds.
You'll never progress, and the rating will go to
waste if you don't sometimes push through the
nerves. -IJT
AOPA.ORG/FT  47

1%

Cash Back1
Every Purchase
A CASH BACK1 REDEMPTION IS APPLIED AS A STATEMENT CREDIT.
QUARTERLY BONUS POINT CAP OF 2,500 POINTS

Switch today to the AOPA
World Mastercard®, and stop
paying too much on your
aviation purchases.

Visit

AOPA.org/creditcard
to learn more.

*Certain points and purchases restrictions apply, see full Rewards
Terms and Conditions for full details at AOPA.org/creditcard.
1. Rewards points can be redeemed for Cash Back or other items provided through AOPA Pilot Rewards. A Cash Back redemption is applied
as a statement credit. The statement credit will reduce your balance
but you are still required to make at least your minimum payment. A
minimum of 2,500 points is needed to redeem for Cash Back. Values
for non-cash back redemption items such as merchandise, gift cards,
and travel may vary.


http://www.AOPA.org/creditcard http://www.airsafetyinstitute.org/ifrcontract http://www.airsafetyinstitute.org/ifrcontract http://www.AOPA.org/creditcard http://www.airsafetyinstitute.org/ifrinsightsapproach http://www.airsafetyinstitute.org/ifrinsightsapproach http://www.AOPA.ORG/FT

Flight Training - May 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Flight Training - May 2021

Contents
Flight Training - May 2021 - Intro
Flight Training - May 2021 - Cover1
Flight Training - May 2021 - Cover2
Flight Training - May 2021 - Contents
Flight Training - May 2021 - 2
Flight Training - May 2021 - 3
Flight Training - May 2021 - 4
Flight Training - May 2021 - 5
Flight Training - May 2021 - 6
Flight Training - May 2021 - 7
Flight Training - May 2021 - 8
Flight Training - May 2021 - 9
Flight Training - May 2021 - 10
Flight Training - May 2021 - 11
Flight Training - May 2021 - 12
Flight Training - May 2021 - 13
Flight Training - May 2021 - 14
Flight Training - May 2021 - 15
Flight Training - May 2021 - 16
Flight Training - May 2021 - 17
Flight Training - May 2021 - 18
Flight Training - May 2021 - 19
Flight Training - May 2021 - 20
Flight Training - May 2021 - 21
Flight Training - May 2021 - 22
Flight Training - May 2021 - 23
Flight Training - May 2021 - 24
Flight Training - May 2021 - 25
Flight Training - May 2021 - 26
Flight Training - May 2021 - 27
Flight Training - May 2021 - 28
Flight Training - May 2021 - 29
Flight Training - May 2021 - 30
Flight Training - May 2021 - 31
Flight Training - May 2021 - 32
Flight Training - May 2021 - 33
Flight Training - May 2021 - 34
Flight Training - May 2021 - 35
Flight Training - May 2021 - 36
Flight Training - May 2021 - 37
Flight Training - May 2021 - 38
Flight Training - May 2021 - 39
Flight Training - May 2021 - 40
Flight Training - May 2021 - 41
Flight Training - May 2021 - 42
Flight Training - May 2021 - 43
Flight Training - May 2021 - 44
Flight Training - May 2021 - 45
Flight Training - May 2021 - 46
Flight Training - May 2021 - 47
Flight Training - May 2021 - 48
Flight Training - May 2021 - 49
Flight Training - May 2021 - 50
Flight Training - May 2021 - 51
Flight Training - May 2021 - 52
Flight Training - May 2021 - 53
Flight Training - May 2021 - 54
Flight Training - May 2021 - 55
Flight Training - May 2021 - 56
Flight Training - May 2021 - Cover3
Flight Training - May 2021 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202107
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202106
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201812
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201811
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201809
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201808
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201807
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201806
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201805
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201803
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201802
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201801
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201712
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201711
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201710
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201709
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201707
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201706
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201705
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201704
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201703
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201702
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201701
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201612
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201611
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201610
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201609
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201608
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201606
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201605
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201604
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201603
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201602
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201601
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201512
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201511
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201510
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201509
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201508
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201507
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201505
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201504
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201503
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201502
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201501
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201412
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201411
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201410
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201409
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201408
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201407
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201406
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201405
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201404
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201403
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201402
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201401
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201312
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201311
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201310
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201309
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201308
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201307
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201306
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201305
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201303
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201302
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201301
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201212
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201211
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201210
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201209
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201208
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201207
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201206
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201205
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201204
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201203
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201202
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201201
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201111
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201110
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201109
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201108
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201107
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201106
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201103
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com