Flight Training - June 2021 - 42

EASE-O-METER
Diamond DA40

Like other T-tails, the elevator becomes effective all at once.

EASE-O-METER
Douglas DC-3

42  FLIGHT TRAINING JUNE 2021

TOP: MIKE FIZER, BOTTOM: MIKE COLLINS

Landing is a two-part process: Main wheels touch down first,
then the tailwheel.

Pitts side-to-side rudder motion during
takeoff or landing can make a Pitts
(especially a red one) look like a Sockeye
salmon swimming upstream to spawn.
But it's also beyond argument that a
typical Pitts biplane has a high approach
speed (no flaps), poor forward visibility, a
high center of gravity, and an exceptionally
short and narrow wheelbase. Given that
challenging set of circumstances, what can
a pilot do to compensate for them?
First, and most obvious, is obtaining
appropriate training: Get sufficient experience in a two-seat Pitts (or an airplane
with similar ground-handling characteristics) and coaching from a knowledgeable
instructor. Once that's done, here are a
few counter-intuitive suggestions:
The biggest runway isn't necessarily the best runway-and a perfectly
calm wind isn't ideal. When flying a
tailwheel airplane in which the view
ahead is blocked in the landing attitude,
the pilot relies on peripheral vision for
directional control. The pilot has to be
able to see the edges of the runway (or
maybe even just one edge) to keep the
airplane tracking straight during takeoff
and landing. A wide runway with distant
edge markings can become an indistinct
sea of concrete in which a pilot can easily
lose orientation. A relatively narrow
runway-especially one with close and
clearly marked edges-is far preferable.
Also, light wind conditions-even
a slight crosswind-is easier for a Pitts
pilot than no wind at all. A light crosswind makes it easier for the pilot to
keep the runway centerline in view
while slipping on final approach, and the
wind gives the pilot something to push
against during the landing and rollout.
Calm conditions mean that the airplane
touches down at a relatively high ground
speed, and the lack of a headwind means
there's likely to be a long rollout with
lots of opportunities for unintended
swerves as the airplane decelerates.
Now, consider a far more mechanically complex Cessna Citation
twin-engine jet.
It has excellent forward visibility, a
low center of gravity, a wide wheelbase,
highly effective " trailing link " main
landing gear with robust shock absorbers,
anti-lock brakes, and wing " speed brakes "
that rapidly dump lift and shift the aircraft's weight to its wheels during rollout.
Even though a Citation has a relatively
fast approach speed (typically touching
down at just under 100 knots), its design



Flight Training - June 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Flight Training - June 2021

Contents
Flight Training - June 2021 - Intro
Flight Training - June 2021 - Cover1
Flight Training - June 2021 - Cover2
Flight Training - June 2021 - Contents
Flight Training - June 2021 - 2
Flight Training - June 2021 - 3
Flight Training - June 2021 - 4
Flight Training - June 2021 - 5
Flight Training - June 2021 - 6
Flight Training - June 2021 - 7
Flight Training - June 2021 - 8
Flight Training - June 2021 - 9
Flight Training - June 2021 - 10
Flight Training - June 2021 - 11
Flight Training - June 2021 - 12
Flight Training - June 2021 - 13
Flight Training - June 2021 - 14
Flight Training - June 2021 - 15
Flight Training - June 2021 - 16
Flight Training - June 2021 - 17
Flight Training - June 2021 - 18
Flight Training - June 2021 - 19
Flight Training - June 2021 - 20
Flight Training - June 2021 - 21
Flight Training - June 2021 - 22
Flight Training - June 2021 - 23
Flight Training - June 2021 - 24
Flight Training - June 2021 - 25
Flight Training - June 2021 - 26
Flight Training - June 2021 - 27
Flight Training - June 2021 - 28
Flight Training - June 2021 - 29
Flight Training - June 2021 - 30
Flight Training - June 2021 - 31
Flight Training - June 2021 - 32
Flight Training - June 2021 - 33
Flight Training - June 2021 - 34
Flight Training - June 2021 - 35
Flight Training - June 2021 - 36
Flight Training - June 2021 - 37
Flight Training - June 2021 - 38
Flight Training - June 2021 - 39
Flight Training - June 2021 - 40
Flight Training - June 2021 - 41
Flight Training - June 2021 - 42
Flight Training - June 2021 - 43
Flight Training - June 2021 - 44
Flight Training - June 2021 - 45
Flight Training - June 2021 - 46
Flight Training - June 2021 - 47
Flight Training - June 2021 - 48
Flight Training - June 2021 - 49
Flight Training - June 2021 - 50
Flight Training - June 2021 - 51
Flight Training - June 2021 - 52
Flight Training - June 2021 - 53
Flight Training - June 2021 - 54
Flight Training - June 2021 - 55
Flight Training - June 2021 - 56
Flight Training - June 2021 - Cover3
Flight Training - June 2021 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202107
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202106
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_202001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201812
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201811
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201809
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201808
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201807
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201806
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201805
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201803
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201802
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201801
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201712
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201711
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201710
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201709
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201707
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201706
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201705
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201704
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201703
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201702
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201701
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201612
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201611
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201610
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201609
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201608
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201606
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201605
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201604
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201603
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201602
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201601
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201512
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201511
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201510
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201509
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201508
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201507
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201505
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201504
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201503
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201502
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201501
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201412
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201411
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201410
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201409
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201408
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201407
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201406
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201405
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201404
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201403
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201402
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201401
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201312
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201311
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201310
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201309
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201308
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201307
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201306
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201305
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201303
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201302
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201301
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201212
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201211
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201210
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201209
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201208
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201207
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201206
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201205
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201204
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201203
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201202
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201201
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201111
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201110
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201109
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201108
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201107
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201106
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/aopa/ft_201103
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com