Flight Training - June 2021 - 52

PERSPECTIVES INSTRUMENT TIP

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there is an associated minimum crossing
or turning altitude at that point. The
Denver area low altitude chart has many
examples of this in a small area. For each
one you'll find the relevant airway number, the altitude, and direction of travel.
For example, if you're crossing the Mile
High VOR on V8 you must be at least
10,300 feet when traveling westbound.
2 Unusable airway segment. Occasionally a Victor airway is established
and later marked as unusable. If this
happens you'll still see the airway, but
it will be covered with what looks very
much like someone at the charting office
took a marker and squiggled on it. Victor
12 between the Harrisburg VOR and the
BOYER intersection is a good example.
If you're navigating by GPS you can
still file and accept a route between the
two waypoints, but VOR navigation is
prohibited along the airway. Often these
routes are unusable because of signal
problems with the VOR, and reading the
chart supplement you learn the Harrisburg VOR is unusable beyond 10 miles
between the 097- and 107-degree radials,
exactly where you'll find Victor 12.
3 Oceanic routes. Look to the Florida
coast and you can see large, solid brown
and black lines extending out into the
ocean, each with an associated number.
AR stands for Atlantic route, and BR for
Bahamas route. On the Pacific side you
52  FLIGHT TRAINING JUNE 2021

can find A, R, B, and G routes, each a
variation on one-way air traffic routes.
These are not unlike normal Victor
airways, except that they may require
specialized radios to receive the signals.
4 Automated weather broadcast
service. Some VORs offer the option
to receive automated weather broadcasts. Look for the small, reversed A in
the upper right corner of the navaid's
information box, like the one in Zanesville, Ohio. This feature makes it easy to
pick up the automated weather from an
AWOS or ASOS station without switching communication frequencies.
5 Minimum operational network.
Let's say your GPS goes out because of
a national emergency, or more likely,
an equipment failure. What do you do?
Knowing that decommissioning VORs
will reduce the level of service, the FAA
established a Minimum Operational
Network that ensures pilots will be able
to navigate virtually nationwide above
5,000 feet. Above the airport ID tag look
for MON in reversed text. It's a quick
and easy way to establish an airport that
still has an instrument approach that
doesn't rely on GPS. So, if GPS fails for
any reason, you can navigate above 5,000
feet to one of these airports and shoot an
approach. FT
ian.twombly@aopa.org


http://www.aopa.org/financemytraining

Flight Training - June 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Flight Training - June 2021

Contents
Flight Training - June 2021 - Intro
Flight Training - June 2021 - Cover1
Flight Training - June 2021 - Cover2
Flight Training - June 2021 - Contents
Flight Training - June 2021 - 2
Flight Training - June 2021 - 3
Flight Training - June 2021 - 4
Flight Training - June 2021 - 5
Flight Training - June 2021 - 6
Flight Training - June 2021 - 7
Flight Training - June 2021 - 8
Flight Training - June 2021 - 9
Flight Training - June 2021 - 10
Flight Training - June 2021 - 11
Flight Training - June 2021 - 12
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Flight Training - June 2021 - 18
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Flight Training - June 2021 - 20
Flight Training - June 2021 - 21
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Flight Training - June 2021 - Cover3
Flight Training - June 2021 - Cover4
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