Flight Training - August 2021 - 39

6
area. At a towered airport you only need
to hold short at this sign if instructed to
do so. At a nontowered airport, it's more
complicated: Hold short if the ceiling is
less than 800 feet, visibility is less than
2 miles, and there is an airplane on final
approach. Once the airplane lands, you
can cross the zone.
No entry: This red sign with a white
circle around a long dash indicates oneway
taxiways, airport vehicle roadways, or
closed areas that aircraft should not enter.
Where are you?
Location signs are like the road signs
you're used to seeing as you cruise down
the highway: You're on Route 66. Or Interstate
95, State Highway 51, or Country
Road B45. These signs tell you where you
are. The most common for pilots is the
taxiway location sign. It features a black
background with a yellow inscription,
surrounded by a yellow border on FAA
signs (overseas, ICAO has dispensed with
the border).
Taxiways are named with letters, so
the inscription will be a letter, such as A,
or two letters like AA if the airport is so
large it ran out of letters. The letters I and
O are never used, as they can be mistaken
for numbers, and the letter X is not used
as it can be misconstrued as meaning the
taxiway is closed. There may also be a
mix of letters and numbers such as A2,
A3, A4, typically used when short taxiways
connect to a longer taxiway parallel
to a runway.
Many generations of student pilots
have learned this sign by Martha King's
" black square, you're there! " guidance. But
if you see the same sign with a number
and no letter, it's a runway location sign,
instead, and it means you're on a runway.
If you didn't intend to be, you're in trouble,
and possibly in danger.
Overseas, there's also a taxiway ending
sign that looks like a taxiway location
sign with the addition of a yellow slash
from the lower left corner to upper right
corner behind the name of the taxiway.
It's quite rakish. In the United States, we
use a large rectangular sign at the end of
the taxiway that features bold black and
yellow hashed stripes diagonal across the
sign-similar to a road-closed sign that
you might see across a road whose bridge
has washed out.
There are other subtle differences
between FAA and ICAO signs but the
broad strokes are the same. If you find
yourself landing in Paris (hey, it could
happen) you'll make out OK with your
hometown knowledge.
Not one size fits all
The sizes of signs, the acceptable
type fonts, and even letter spacing
are spelled out by the FAA's Office of
Airport Safety and Standards, Airport
Engineering Division. There are five
allowable sign sizes ranging from 18 to
48 inches in height with lettering from
12 inches to 40 inches high. Signs can
be internally lit, or unlighted. Some
signs are required to withstand wind
loads of 300 miles per hour.
Refresh your understanding
of runway and taxiway
signs, markings, and lighting
with the AOPA Air Safety
Institute's runway safety
flash cards.
airsafetyinstitute.org/
flashcards/runway
AOPA.ORG/FT
39
CHRIS ROSE
http://www.airsafetyinstitute.org/flashcards/runway http://www.airsafetyinstitute.org/flashcards/runway http://www.AOPA.ORG/FT

Flight Training - August 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Flight Training - August 2021

Contents
Flight Training - August 2021 - Intro
Flight Training - August 2021 - Cover1
Flight Training - August 2021 - Cover2
Flight Training - August 2021 - Contents
Flight Training - August 2021 - 2
Flight Training - August 2021 - 3
Flight Training - August 2021 - 4
Flight Training - August 2021 - 5
Flight Training - August 2021 - 6
Flight Training - August 2021 - 7
Flight Training - August 2021 - 8
Flight Training - August 2021 - 9
Flight Training - August 2021 - 10
Flight Training - August 2021 - 11
Flight Training - August 2021 - 12
Flight Training - August 2021 - 13
Flight Training - August 2021 - 14
Flight Training - August 2021 - 15
Flight Training - August 2021 - 16
Flight Training - August 2021 - 17
Flight Training - August 2021 - 18
Flight Training - August 2021 - 19
Flight Training - August 2021 - 20
Flight Training - August 2021 - 21
Flight Training - August 2021 - 22
Flight Training - August 2021 - 23
Flight Training - August 2021 - 24
Flight Training - August 2021 - 25
Flight Training - August 2021 - 26
Flight Training - August 2021 - 27
Flight Training - August 2021 - 28
Flight Training - August 2021 - 29
Flight Training - August 2021 - 30
Flight Training - August 2021 - 31
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Flight Training - August 2021 - 33
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Flight Training - August 2021 - 35
Flight Training - August 2021 - 36
Flight Training - August 2021 - 37
Flight Training - August 2021 - 38
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Flight Training - August 2021 - 40
Flight Training - August 2021 - 41
Flight Training - August 2021 - 42
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Flight Training - August 2021 - 45
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Flight Training - August 2021 - Cover3
Flight Training - August 2021 - Cover4
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