AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 82

The doctor is in
Landing diseases have obvious symptoms
Ballooning, floating, skipping, bouncing, and slamming
down don't happen randomly. Each is a symptom of a
landing disease that can be easily cured.
Ballooning. All of the sudden you're 10 feet in the air
again, but this time with no energy. What happened? You
were fast and you pulled too hard in the roundout. To fix it,
stay on speed and remember the roundout is a transition
from approach to level flight. A few low passes down the
runway can help refine the roundout and cure ballooning.

THE FLARE

If you've rounded out at the right height, all that's left to do is
track the centerline and keep the airplane off the runway for as
long as possible. If the roundout happened at the right speed, the
flare should only last a few seconds, and the transition between
the roundout and the flare will be relatively seamless. As you
pull back to flatten the attitude and transition to level flight,
you'll wait just a second or two, and then start pulling back to
keep the airplane off the runway.
This portion of the landing is what makes pilots look good.
It separates the good landing from the great landing, and it's
a great time to diagnose issues. Bounces, skips, balloons, and
floats all become apparent in the flare, although most are symptoms of problems that occurred in a previous landing segment.
The goal of a flare should be to keep the airplane off the runway as long as possible. Assuming you've leveled off at the right
height and on speed, this will take a smooth application of backpressure. You must feel the airplane's energy. Pulling too quickly
initially will result in the airplane ballooning, but too slowly and
the wheels will touch down early. As the airplane slows and the
energy draws down, you'll need more back-pressure to keep it
off the ground. The motion looks like a slowly accelerating pull
from neutral to full back, depending on the airplane and center of gravity.
Every pilot struggles with finding the right place to look
down the runway to judge the airplane's height and avoid ballooning. Here again, Machado has a great tip. He said that most
of us are taught to look over the nose of the airplane, but if you're
landing properly, you shouldn't be able to see over the nose.
Instead, he suggests looking at the triangle formed between the
horizon, the door post, and the edge of the cowling. This will
give you a horizon reference, and give you a reliable place to
judge the airplane's height above the runway. And especially as
you age, Machado recommends physically turning your head
toward the pie-shaped cutout to better take in the visual cues.
Everyone wants to make better landings, and the first step
is being honest with yourself about your abilities. Don't be too
proud to consult another experienced pilot or an instructor. The
world's most elite athletes, top CEOs, and best artists look for
ways to continually improve, and as pilots, so should we. AOPA
EMAIL ian.twombly@aopa.org
82 | AOPA PILOT October 2020



AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020

Contents
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - Intro
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - Cover1
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - Cover2
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - Contents
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 2
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 3
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 4
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 5
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 6
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 7
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 8
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 9
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 10
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 11
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 12
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 13
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 14
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 15
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 16
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 17
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 18
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 19
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 20
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 21
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 22
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 23
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 24
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 25
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 26
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 27
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 28
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 29
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 30
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 31
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 32
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 33
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 34
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 35
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 36
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 37
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 38
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 39
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 40
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 41
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 42
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 43
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 44
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 45
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 46
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 47
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 48
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 49
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 50
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 51
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 52
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 53
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 54
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 55
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 56
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 57
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 58
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AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 60
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 61
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 62
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 63
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 64
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 65
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 66
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 67
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 68
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 69
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 70
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 71
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 72
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 73
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 74
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 75
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 76
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 77
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 78
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 79
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 80
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 81
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 82
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 83
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 84
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 85
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 86
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 87
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 88
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 89
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 90
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 91
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 92
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 93
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 94
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 95
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 96
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 97
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 98
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 99
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 100
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 101
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 102
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 103
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 104
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 105
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 106
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 107
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 108
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 109
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 110
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 111
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - 112
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - Cover3
AOPA Pilot Magazine - October 2020 - Cover4
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