AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 109

TIPS FROM PIC
How to use
the VDP
BY ANDY DIMITRIOU
THE VISUAL DESCENT POINT (VDP)
is identified with a " V " on the vertical
profile of many approach plates, will
always be at the minimum descent
altitude (MDA), normally indicates
a 3-degree glide path, and begins the
visual segment of the approach. A stabilized
visual descent from the MDA
to the touchdown point may begin at
the VDP if the requirements of FAR
91.175(c) are met: A normal descent
can be made to the intended runway,
the visibility is not less than that prescribed
in the instrument approach
being used, and at least one of the
listed visual references must be seen.
If there are obstacles in the visual
segment a VDP will not be published.
An approximate distance from
VDP to touchdown zone or navaid
can be determined by dividing the
MDA (in feet agl) by three and multiplying
by 1,000. Subtract the distance
from the threshold to the touchdown
zone or navaid to determine distance
from the approach end of the runway.
Beginning the final descent at the
VDP helps avoid an unstable final
approach, so some pilots like to use
the VDP as a missed approach point
(MAP). The decision to go missed at
the VDP or MAP is up to the pilot. If
the pilot is unable to descend at the
VDP but conditions improve prior
to arriving at the MAP, it is within
pilot discretion to continue landing.
However, descending after the
VDP will be steeper than the normal
3 degrees so take into account the
airplane type, configuration, speed,
altitude, descent rate, amount of turn,
and runway length, and then make an
appropriate decision.
Questions? Contact AOPA's Pilot
Information Center at 800-USAAOPA
(872-2672), pilotassist@aopa.
org, or pic.aopa.org. Andy Dimitriou
is an aviation technical specialist for the
AOPA Pilot Information Center.
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AOPA PILOT / August 2021
109
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AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021

Contents
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - Intro
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - BB1
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - BB2
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - Cover1
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - Cover2
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - Contents
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 2
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 3
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 4
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 5
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 6
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 7
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 8
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 9
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 10
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 11
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AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 16
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 17
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 18
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 19
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 20
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 21
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AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 25
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 26
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 27
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 28
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 29
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 30
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 31
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AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 33
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AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 38
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 39
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 40
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 41
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AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 109
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AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - 112
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - Cover3
AOPA Pilot Magazine - August 2021 - Cover4
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