Monitor on Psychology - October 2011 - (Page 36)

Segregation’s ongoing legacy Your neighborhood can affect your health, to the detriment of many racial and ethnic-minority groups, according to psychologist Brian Smedley. B Y CHRIS TOPHE R MU NSEY Monitor staff A bout one-third of the money spent on health care for African-Americans, Asian-Americans and Hispanics in the United States is excess cost, created by health inequalities associated with higher rates of chronic, debilitating diseases among those groups, according to Brian Smedley, PhD, of the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies in Washington, D.C. Speaking at an APA 2011 Annual Convention session on health disparities, Smedley said that for too long, the discussion about why those disparities exist has focused on individual habits: what people eat and whether they smoke, get enough exercise or see a physician regularly. What’s missing, he said, is an acknowledgment that racial segregation continues to affect racial and ethnic minorities’ health, by channeling them into areas of high poverty that lack things like schools with good resources, grocery stores that sell healthy food and public parks that offer opportunities to walk, bike or run. For Smedley, using psychology to reverse this pattern isn’t just a matter of justice, but of national economic importance. “Health inequities have an enormous economic burden for the nation because one of the drags on the recovery is the fact that we have tremendous health gaps,” Smedley said. MONITOR ON PSYCHOLOGY • OCTOBER 2011 36

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Monitor on Psychology - October 2011

Monitor on Psychology - October 2011
President’s Column
Subtle and stunning slights
From the CEO
Live science on the showroom floor
Zimbardo re-examines his landmark study
Ready, set, mentor
Attention students and ECPs: Self-care is an ‘ethical imperative’
Suicide risk is high among war veterans in college, study finds
Psychotherapy is effective and here’s why
From toilet to tap: getting people to drink recycled water
What’s ahead for psychology practice?
A push for more accountability is changing the accreditation process
Peer, parental support prove key to fighting childhood obesity
Popular media’s message to girls
Bullying may contribute to lower test scores
A consequence of cuckoldry: More (and better) sex?
Manatees’ exquisite sense of touch may lead them into dangerous waters
Building a better tomato
How will China’s only children care for their aging parents?
‘Spice’ and ‘K2’: New drugs of abuse now on the market
Many suspects don’t understand their right to remain silent
In Brief
Boosting minority achievement
Where’s the progress?
And social justice for all
Helping new Americans find their way
Segregation’s ongoing legacy
A new way to combat prejudice
Retraining the biased brain
Suppressing the ‘white bears’
How to eat better — mindlessly
Protect your aging brain
Must babies always breed marital discontent?
Outing addiction
Flourish 2051
The danger of stimulants
Keys to making integrated care work
Is technology ruining our kids?
Facebook: Friend or foe?
The promise of Web 3.0
NIMH invests in IT enhanced interventions
Science Directions
Science Directions
PsycAdvocates work to safeguard key programs
The psychology of spending cuts
APA’s strategic plan goes live
Visionary leaders
Vote on bylaws amendments

Monitor on Psychology - October 2011