Monitor on Psychology - January 2012 - (Page 14)
Snapshots of some of the latest peer-reviewed research within psychology and related fields.
than those who received medication and case management services as needed (Archives of General Psychiatry, Oct. 3). n Reminders of God both help and hurt people’s self-control, according to a series of experiments conducted with 353 undergraduates at the University of Waterloo in Canada. In one experiment, students who took a grammar test that included Godrelated words such as “divine,” “sacred” and “spirit” performed worse than those whose tests included only neutral words. A second set of experiments looked at participants’ ability to resist temptation after being reminded about God. In one study, participants who said eating healthy food was important to them ate fewer cookies after reading a short passage about God than those who read a passage unrelated to God (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Oct. 24).
Children whose mothers hit them are more likely to be more aggressive later on.
n Moms who yell at their babies may put the children at risk for conduct problems later in life, according to a University of Minnesota study. Scientists followed 260 mothers and their children from birth until first grade and found that harsh speaking and rough handling of infants by mothers predicted increased childhood aggression as the kids entered kindergarten. The researchers also found that conflict between moms and toddlers led to later conduct problems, including aggression and defiance, in the children (Child Development, Oct. 26).
n A type of cognitive therapy that helps patients overcome self-defeating beliefs may improve the lives of the nearly 3 million American adults with schizophrenia, finds a University of Pennsylvania study. In the study, 31 people being treated at community health clinics in Philadelphia took part in an 18-month weekly therapy program in which each person worked to adhere to his or her medication regimen and set a long-term goal — such as find a job, live on their own or strengthen a relationship. Patients in the program reported a higher level of functioning
n Autistic brains develop more slowly than normal brains, according to researchers at the Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at the University of California, Los Angeles. Over the course of three years, the team compared brain images of 13 boys diagnosed with autism with seven non-autistic boys. They found that slower growth rates in particular areas of the autistic boys’ brains — including the parietal, temporal and occipital lobes — were associated with social impairment, communication deficits and repetitive behaviors — activities that characterize autism (Human Brain Mapping, Oct. 20).
M o n i t o r o n p s y c h o l o g y • J a n u a ry 2 0 1 2
Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Monitor on Psychology - January 2012
Monitor on Psychology - January 2012
From the CEO
Apa’s Statement on the Dsm-5 Development Process
Girl Scouts Badge Promotes Positive Psychology
Early Investments Pay Off for Poor Children, Study Finds
Apa Meets With Chinese Psychological Society to Further Interaction and Exchange
Unique Opportunity for Psychologists to Travel to Cuba
Government Relations Update
On Your Behalf
Psychology’s Growing Library of Podcasts
Standing Up for Psychology
Perspective on Practice
Yes, Recovery Is Possible
Inequity to Equity
Making E-Learning Work
New Standards for High School Psychology
A Trailblazer Moves On
Plan Now for Psychology’s Regional Meetings
New Journal Editors
American Psychological Foundation
Monitor on Psychology - January 2012