ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 28

28

ASHRAE Journal

Ratio of Actual OA cfm to Std. 62.1 OA cfm

62.1 every hour of the year and the annual average outside airflow is 260% larger than Standard 62.1 rates including multiple space inefficiencies. Figure 13 also shows a DOAS system
at 0.6 cfm/ft2 (0.28 L/[s·m2]) does provide more outside air
than a VAVR system averaged over a year but a DOAS system
designed at 0.3 cfm/ft2 (0.14 L/[s·m2]) does not. Ventilation
for the hybrid design was not simulated, but it will be worse
than the VAVR because it has the same design minimum outside airflow rate but less economizer benefit because of the
lower airflow rates in the chilled beam zones.
Another IAQ issue related to chilled beams is the potential
for mold and mildew growth due to condensation on chilled
beam cooling coils. While ACB systems are designed not to
condense, condensation can occur due to humidity sensor drift,
incorrectly programmed control sequences, building engineers
unfamiliar with chilled beams, unexpected space latent loads,
etc. VAVR, of course, is not vulnerable to this potential IAQ
risk. Another downside of ACB systems is that they do not work
well with operable windows because of the risk of humid outside air condensing on the chilled beams. Chilled beams are
available with vertical coils and condensate drip pans, but this
can reduce capacity per foot (at the same water temperature),
so more linear feet of beam is required, further increasing the
cost and, of course, there is the cost of piping all the drip pans
to drains.

12
10
8
6
DOAS (0.6 cfm/ft2)
4
VAVR Average
2

DOAS (0.3 cfm/ft2)
ASHRAE Std. 62.1

0
30

40

50
60
70
80
Outside Air Temperature (°F)

90

100

Figure 13: Hourly and annual average ventilation compared
to ASHRAE Standard 62.1. (Standard 62.1 OA cfm = 1.0.)

LEED Energy Points
There is one area the ACB+DOAS design significantly
outperformed the VAVR design: LEED energy points. How
could a system that uses twice as much HVAC energy score
more LEED energy points? The answer is that the two systems are not compared to the same baseline model by EnergyPro, the software most commonly used to demonstrate

www.info.hotims.com/44632-42

May 2013



ASHRAE Journal - May 2013

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of ASHRAE Journal - May 2013

ASHRAE Journal - May 2013
Contents
Commentary
Industry News
Letters
Meetings and Shows
Feature Articles
VAV Reheat Versus Active Chilled Beams & DOAS
A Stable Whole Building Performance Method for Standard 90.1
Technology Award Case Studies:
PSU Design Build Project
Passive Cooling for School
Standing Columns
Building Sciences
InfoCenter
Refrigeration Applications
IAQ Applications
Engineer's Notebook
Products
Data Centers
Emerging Technologies
Classified Advertising
Advertisers Index
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - ASHRAE Journal - May 2013
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - Cover2
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 1
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 2
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - Contents
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - Commentary
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 5
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - Industry News
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 7
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 8
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 9
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 10
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 11
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 12
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 13
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - Letters
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 15
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - Meetings and Shows
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 17
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - VAV Reheat Versus Active Chilled Beams & DOAS
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 19
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 20
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 21
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 22
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 23
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 24
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 25
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 26
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 27
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 28
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 29
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 30
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 31
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 32
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - A Stable Whole Building Performance Method for Standard 90.1
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 34
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 35
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 36
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 37
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 38
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 39
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 40
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 41
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 42
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 43
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 44
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 45
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - PSU Design Build Project
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 47
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 48
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 49
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 50
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 51
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 52
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 53
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - Passive Cooling for School
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 55
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 56
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 57
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 58
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 59
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 60
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 61
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - Building Sciences
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 63
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 64
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 65
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 66
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 67
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 68
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 69
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - InfoCenter
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 71
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 72
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 73
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 74
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - Refrigeration Applications
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 76
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 77
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - IAQ Applications
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 79
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 80
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 81
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 82
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 83
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - Engineer's Notebook
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 85
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - Products
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 87
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - Data Centers
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 89
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 90
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 91
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - Emerging Technologies
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 93
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - 94
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - Classified Advertising
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - Advertisers Index
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - Cover3
ASHRAE Journal - May 2013 - Cover4
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