ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 54

ASHRAE - CELEBRATING 125 YEARS

5. Whyte, W. 2001. Cleanroom Technology Fundamentals of Design,
Testing and Operation. West Sussex, England: John Wiley and Sons Inc.
6. Useller, J.W. 1969. Clean Room Technology. Office of
Technology Utilization, NASA SP-5074.
7. Robertson, E.C. 1940. "On the Control of Air-Borne Bacteria
In Operating Rooms and Hospital Wards." Annals of Surgery
111(3):491 - 497.
8. 1938. Heating Ventilating Air Conditioning Guide 16th Edition. American
Society of Heating and Ventilating Engineers.
9. Bedford, T. D. 1944. "Heating and Ventilation: Requirements
and Methods." British Journal of Industrial Medicine 1:31 - 47.
10. Blowers, R. 1960. "Ventilation in Operating-Theatres." Journal of
Hygiene 58(3):427 - 48.
11. Watt, J. M. 1938. "The Ventilation, Heating and Lighting of
Hospital Wards," p 1411 - 1426. Proceedings of the Royal Society
of Medicine, Section of Epidemiology and State Medicine. Royal
Society of Medicine.
12. Sandia National Laboratories. 2018. "The Giants of The Nuclear
Testing Era: The works of Willis Whitfield."
13. Whitfield, W. 1963. "State of the art (Contamination Control)
and Laminar Air-Flow Concept," p. 73 - 84. Conference on Clean
Room Specifications. Sandia Corporation.
14. Naughton, P. 2016. "ACR Philosophy and Practice: Cleanrooms."
ASHRAE Transactions 122(2).
15. Clark, H. 2012. "Willis Whitfield, inventor of modern-day
laminar-flow clean room, passes away." Sandia Lab News 64(22).
16. Whitfield, W. 1962. United States Patent No. 3,158,457.
17. Sandia Labs News Releases. 2012. "Modern-day cleanroom
invented by Sandia physicist still used 50 years later." Retrieved

54

ASHRAE JOURNAL

ashrae.org

N O V E M B E R 2 0 19

from Sandia National Lab: https://share-ng.sandia.gov/news/
resources/news_releases/cleanroom_50th/#.VmJGnvmrS5g.
18. Time Magazine. 1962. "Mr. Clean." 79(15).
19. Ballard, D. W. 1963. "Conference on Clean Room Specification,"
p. 117. Sandia Corporation.
20. King, J. 1986. "History of Clean Rooms." ASHRAE Transactions
92(1b).
21. Whitfield, W. 1981. "A Brief History of Laminar Flow Clean
Room Systems." Institute of Environmental Sciences, Proceedings,
Institute of Environmental Sciences.
22. GSA. 1966. FED-STD-209A, "Airborne particulate cleanliness
classes in cleanrooms and Clean Zones." General Services
Administration.
23. Fox, D. 1969. "A Study of the Application of Laminar Flow
Ventilation to Operating Rooms." U. S. Dept. of Health Education
and Welfare, Public Health Monograph No. 78.
24. Immel, B. K. 2001. "A brief history of the GMPs for
Pharmaceuticals." Pharmaceutical Technology July:44 - 52.
25. Sandle, T. 2016. "The development of cleanrooms: an historical
review-Part 1." The Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology
Autumn:41 - 47.
26. ASHRAE. 2017. ASHRAE Design Guide for Cleanrooms: Fundamentals,
Systems, and Performance. Atlanta: ASHRAE.
27. Lindblom, P. 2018. "History of HEPA Update to today." Retrieved
from National Air Filtration Association: https://www.nafahq.org/.
28. Singer, N. 2005. "Sandia engineer Willis Whitfield, whose
invention made possible the modern electronic age, revisits Labs."
Sandia Lab News, p. 7 - 9.


https://share-ng.sandia.gov/news/resources/news_releases/cleanroom_50th/#.VmJGnvmrS5g https://share-ng.sandia.gov/news/resources/news_releases/cleanroom_50th/#.VmJGnvmrS5g https://www.nafahq.org/ http://www.acrefine.com

ASHRAE Journal - November 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of ASHRAE Journal - November 2019

Contents
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - Intro
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - Cover1
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - Cover2
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 1
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - Contents
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 3
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 4
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 5
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 6
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 7
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 8
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 9
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 10
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 11
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 12
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 13
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 14
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 15
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 16
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 17
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 18
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 19
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 20
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 21
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 22
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 23
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 24
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 25
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 26
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 27
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 28
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 29
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 30
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 31
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 32
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 33
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 34
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 35
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 36
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 37
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 38
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 39
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 40
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 41
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 42
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 43
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 44
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 45
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 46
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 47
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 48
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 49
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 50
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 51
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 52
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 53
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 54
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 55
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 56
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 57
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 58
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 59
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 60
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 61
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 62
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 63
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 64
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 65
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 66
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 67
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 68
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 69
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 70
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 71
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 72
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 73
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 74
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 75
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 76
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 77
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 78
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 79
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 80
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 81
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 82
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 83
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 84
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 85
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 86
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 87
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - 88
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - Cover3
ASHRAE Journal - November 2019 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_VJKSRY
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_SDHUTC
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_JPPKRR
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_SDLTTH
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_CKLLES
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_SLDOX
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_HJETUK
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_OLUHGE
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2020october
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2020october_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_ZERDGH
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_QVMNEO
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_RTPOKE
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_BBATRE
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_STUBMW
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_TPEMPE
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_JNMKDS
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_FBTTPA
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_WQMMNE
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_TVBRYN
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_showguide2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_KTUZMA
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_ABEDGD
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2019septmeber_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2019september
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_2019april
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_2019march
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_showguide2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_2018december
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_2018november
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2018fall_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2018fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_2018october
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraemexico_2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraeinsights_201806
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201805
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201803
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201712
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201711
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201710
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2017fall_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2017fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201709
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201705
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashrae_meetinginsert_201610
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2016fall_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2016fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_acrexindia
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2015summer_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2015summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/amca/2014summer2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/amca/2014summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_acma_2014summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201311
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201309
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_acmasupp_2013fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201305
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201303
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/pubcatalog_2013winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201211
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/achr_expo_mexico2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201209
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201208_v3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201208_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/pubcatalog_2012summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201205
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201203
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/pubcatalog_2012winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201111_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201109_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/pubcatalog_2011summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201103
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com