ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 26

TECHNICAL FEATURE

Impact of HVLS Fans
On Airplane Hangar
Air Destratification
BY CHRISTIAN TABER, BEMP, HBDP, MEMBER ASHRAE; BRANDON A. STEELE, STUDENT MEMBER ASHRAE

Thermal air stratification results when heated air rises due to its having a lower
density relative to ambient air, which results in a thermal gradient from floor to ceiling. The heated air typically stagnates at the ceiling of large facilities due to a lack of
air circulation.1,2 Air stratification presents an important consideration in facility
energy savings for buildings with tall ceilings; elevated air temperature at the ceiling level increases the rate of heat loss through the building envelope. A substantial
opportunity to reduce annual heating costs for facilities is available by reducing floorto-ceiling stratification.
Airports present a tremendous air destratification
energy savings opportunity because many of the buildings have large, open spaces with high ceilings. Heating
airport hangars to meet comfort temperature requirements often consumes large amounts of energy and
produces an excessive amount of emissions. Like many
other areas of industry,3 airports are now under pressure to use energy-efficient systems and comply with
increasingly stringent regulations while still providing
occupant thermal comfort, all in an effort to reduce
operating costs and reduce carbon footprint.
High volume, low speed (HVLS) fans are a prominent
and practical means for reducing the floor-to-ceiling
temperature gradient in large spaces. Large-diameter,
HVLS fans are operated in the downward direction at low
speeds during winter to mix warm air at the ceiling with
cooler air at the floor, all while not creating the sensation
26

ASHRAE JOURNAL

ashrae.org

APRI L 2020

of unwanted cooling across an occupant's skin. Fans can
be operated in the upward direction to destratify air, but
this typically requires higher operating speeds and costs,
as the fan has to push the heated air along the ceiling and
down a vertical surface to reach the thermostat level. The
fans lower the average space temperature by minimizing
excess heat at the ceiling, which reduces HVAC system
use. The study presented in this article seeks to quantify
the effects on energy cost and consumption from use of
an HVLS fan for air destratification in an airport hangar.

Methods
The test building is 15,000 ft2 (1,400 m2), has a peak
ceiling height of 40 ft (12 m) and height of 20 ft (6 m) at
Christian Taber, BEMP, HBDP, is principal engineer-codes and standards for Big Ass
Fans in Lexington, Ky. Brandon A. Steele is Big Ass Fans' sustainability engineering
intern and a student at the University of Kentucky.


https://ashrae.org

ASHRAE Journal - April 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of ASHRAE Journal - April 2020

Contents
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - Intro
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - Cover1
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - Cover2
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 1
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - Contents
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 3
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 4
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 5
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 6
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 7
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 8
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 9
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 10
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 11
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 12
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 13
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 14
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 15
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 16
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 17
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 18
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 19
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 20
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 21
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 22
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 23
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 24
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 25
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 26
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 27
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 28
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 29
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 30
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 31
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 32
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 33
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 34
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 35
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 36
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 37
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 38
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 39
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 40
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 41
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 42
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 43
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 44
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 45
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 46
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 47
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 48
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 49
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 50
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 51
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 52
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 53
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 54
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 55
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 56
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 57
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 58
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 59
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 60
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 61
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 62
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 63
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 64
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 65
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 66
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 67
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 68
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 69
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 70
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 71
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 72
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 73
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 74
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 75
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 76
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 77
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 78
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 79
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 80
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 81
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 82
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 83
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 84
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 85
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 86
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 87
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 88
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 89
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 90
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 91
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 92
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 93
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 94
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 95
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - 96
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - Cover3
ASHRAE Journal - April 2020 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_YELQLJ
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_QJLWMC
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_MCDEBX
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_WNYSQY
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_XATVOD
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_FJSHSS
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_CCBZDS
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_XDEFVG
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2023november_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2023november
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_VHGNBL
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_WPKBNJ
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_UUVCDE
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_RTGDEW
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraemexico_2023
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_LKRFXS
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_AZSOFG
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_ERCDBH
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_QWDFRV
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_JHGVDF
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_OPUYHG
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_SREIBM
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_LRTGLK
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_OKRFGH
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2022november_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2022november
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_TZSERA
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_LVRUIX
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_RPTVYZ
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/mini_pub_catalog
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_XIYTGD
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraemexico_2022
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_RFGDOB
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_PABXNU
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_REMKLS
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_PICVBT
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_AOYTVW
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_JQOPLS
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_IOYTBC
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_SGAJJF
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_IGHYER
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_PDRKLS
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2021november
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2021november_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_XCODFR
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_QSLFGO
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_ILKVNM
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraemexico_2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_OPDJKD
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_VJKSRY
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_SDHUTC
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_JPPKRR
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_SDLTTH
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_CKLLES
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_SLDOX
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_HJETUK
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_OLUHGE
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2020october
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2020october_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_ZERDGH
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_QVMNEO
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_RTPOKE
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_BBATRE
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_STUBMW
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_TPEMPE
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_JNMKDS
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_FBTTPA
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_WQMMNE
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_TVBRYN
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_showguide2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_KTUZMA
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_ABEDGD
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2019septmeber_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2019september
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_2019april
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_2019march
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_showguide2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_2018december
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_2018november
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2018fall_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2018fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_2018october
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraemexico_2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraeinsights_201806
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201805
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201803
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201712
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201711
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201710
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2017fall_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2017fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201709
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201705
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashrae_meetinginsert_201610
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2016fall_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2016fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_acrexindia
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2015summer_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2015summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/amca/2014summer2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/amca/2014summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_acma_2014summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201311
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201309
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_acmasupp_2013fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201305
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201303
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/pubcatalog_2013winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201211
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/achr_expo_mexico2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201209
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201208_v3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201208_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/pubcatalog_2012summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201205
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201203
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/pubcatalog_2012winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201111_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201109_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/pubcatalog_2011summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201103
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com