ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 15

TECHNICAL FEATURE

testing, relative to energy efficiency, in all building types
and sizes, as well as defines Cx provider independence.
Among the many Cx tasks required are general functional performance testing activities, design review,
review for standard and code compliance and enclosure
testing or verification.

What are " Professional Services " ?
There are many examples of " professional services "
related to Cx activities described in relevant prominent and credible publications, such as the AABC
Commissioning Group/ACG (AABC/ACG), National
Environmental Balancing Bureau (NEBB), and Building
Commissioning Association (BCA) Cx guidelines.
The Merriam-Webster Legal Dictionary defines " professional service " this way: " a service requiring specialized
knowledge and skill usually of a mental or intellectual
nature and usually requiring a license, certification, or
registration. " 3
Some other examples of characteristics of professional
services are as follows:1
* Services requiring special training or advanced
education;
* Jurisdictions that require holding special licenses or
certifications to perform building Cx services;
* Requiring knowledge and expertise in a subject
matter or area of specialty;
* Offering customized knowledge-based advice and
consulting services to clients;
* Reviewing design activities to meet standards of
care; and
* Responsible for " results and outcomes " within their
authority.
Any person or firm providing a consulting service
engaged in the " business of giving expert advice to
people working in a professional or technical field " are
providing professional services.

When Can These Services be Provided?
Professional commissioning provider (CxP) services
can be provided on new construction or existing building projects at many different phases of the construction
process.
ASHRAE standards and guidelines, as well as NEBB,
BCA, and AABC/ACG guidelines contain extensive
explanations and descriptions about these processes,
phases and concepts.1,4 - 6

In a new construction project (or major addition), the
CxP can be hired during the following times:
* Predesign-Assist the owner's staff in the development of the OPR.
* Design-Review the design documents; make sure
that the project team is following the OPR; develop Cx
specifications.
* Construction-Review submittals; develop Cx plan;
make periodic site visits; observe equipment and system
installations, helping to ensure compliance with design
intent; communicate with the Cx team; maintain issues
and resolutions log; perform functional performance
tests; facilitate training and system manual turnover;
write the final report.
* Operations-Work with the owner and their maintenance and operations staff to understand the installed
systems through training and documentation. Manage
post-construction activities and monitor that issues are
resolved before the end of the warranty period.
The existing building Cx process is a little different,
and its process focuses on the phases of planning, investigating, implementing, verifying and documenting
that the facility and/or its systems and assemblies are
operated and maintained to meet the current facility
requirements (CFR). It also takes into consideration
programming to maintain the enhancements for the
remaining life of the facility.
Additional terms are used on " existing building " Cx,
depending on if the facility was commissioned previously (or not) such as follows:
* Recommissioning-An application of Cx requirements to a project that has been delivered (before) using
Cx.
* Retro-commissioning-Cx applied to an existing
facility that was not previously commissioned.

What Type of People Typically Perform These Services?
A professional CxP is a person or firm responsible for
the delivery of the Cx process and procedures based
upon an agreement or specification provided by the
entity requesting the specific Cx work to be performed.
Many CxPs can undertake not only the HVAC&R Cx
specialty, but also the plumbing, electrical, fire protection and building enclosures Cx specialties.
Professional Cx services are delivered to clients by
one, or by a group of, professional(s), expert(s), or
consultant(s). The industry is lacking in specifying
JAN UARY 2021

ashrae.org

ASHRAE JOURNAL

15


http://www.ashrae.org

ASHRAE Journal - January 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of ASHRAE Journal - January 2021

Contents
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - Intro
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - Cover1
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - Cover2
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 1
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 1a
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 1b
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - Contents
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 3
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 4
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 5
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 6
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 7
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 8
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 9
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 10
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 11
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 12
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 13
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 14
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 15
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 16
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 17
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 18
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 19
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 20
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 21
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 22
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 23
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 24
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 25
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 26
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 27
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 28
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 29
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 30
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 31
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 32
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 33
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 34
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 35
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 36
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 37
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 38
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 39
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 40
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 41
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 42
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 43
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 44
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 45
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 46
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 47
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 48
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 49
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 50
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 51
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 52
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 53
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 54
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 55
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 56
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 57
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 58
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 59
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 60
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 61
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 62
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 63
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 64
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 65
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 66
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 67
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 68
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 69
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 70
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 71
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 72
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 73
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 74
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 75
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 76
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 77
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 78
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 79
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 80
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 81
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 82
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 83
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 84
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 85
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 86
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 87
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 88
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 89
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 90
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 91
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 92
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 93
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 94
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 95
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 96
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 97
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 98
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 99
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 100
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 101
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 102
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 103
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 104
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 105
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 106
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 107
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 108
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 109
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 110
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 111
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - 112
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - Cover3
ASHRAE Journal - January 2021 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_VJKSRY
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_SDHUTC
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_JPPKRR
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_SDLTTH
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_CKLLES
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_SLDOX
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_HJETUK
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_OLUHGE
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2020october
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2020october_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_ZERDGH
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_QVMNEO
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_RTPOKE
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_BBATRE
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_STUBMW
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_TPEMPE
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_JNMKDS
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_FBTTPA
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_WQMMNE
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_TVBRYN
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_showguide2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_KTUZMA
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_ABEDGD
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2019septmeber_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2019september
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_2019april
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_2019march
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_showguide2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_2018december
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_2018november
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2018fall_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2018fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_2018october
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraemexico_2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraeinsights_201806
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201805
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201803
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201712
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201711
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201710
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2017fall_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2017fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201709
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201705
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashrae_meetinginsert_201610
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2016fall_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2016fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_acrexindia
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2015summer_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_amca_2015summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/amca/2014summer2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/amca/2014summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_acma_2014summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201311
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201309
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_acmasupp_2013fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201305
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201303
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/pubcatalog_2013winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201211
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/achr_expo_mexico2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201209
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201208_v3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201208_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/pubcatalog_2012summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201205
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201203
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/pubcatalog_2012winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201111_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/ashraejournal_201109_v2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/pubcatalog_2011summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ashrae/meetingplanner_201103
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com